Talitha Gerlach (18961995)
Born in Pittsburgh, to a family of German origin, the American YMCA worker spent most of her life as a social worker in Shanghai, where she died. Gerlach worked at the YWCA headquarters in Shanghai for most of the 1930s, and joined the China Defense League organized by Soong Ching-ling in 1938, using her position as a non-belligerent foreigner in Japaneseoccupied Shangai to smuggle supplies and money to the resistance.
After the end of World War II (1939–45) Gerlach worked with Ida Pruitt from 1945 to 1951 raising money for the Chinese Industrial Cooperatives while continuing to work for the YWCA in New York City. After leaving the YWCA in 1951 Gerlach accepted an invitation from Soong Ching-ling to manage a welfare institute for war refugees. In her 80s, she was still working half days to help manage the institute. She also taught at the Foreign Language Department of Fudan University and Shanghai Foreign Language University. She was granted the permanent residence permit from the Chinese government in 1987.