Hot Words AI
The acronym, AI, was coined by John Mccarthy, an American computer scientist, during the Dartmouth Conference, in 1956. At first, AI referred to a machine that could reason like a human and was capable of abstract thought, problem solving and self-improvement. The concept of AI has expanded throughout the years. Now, AI is a branch of computer science that aims to study and develop theories, methods, technologies and application systems that are applied to simulate, extend and expand human intelligence. Research in the AI field includes robotics, speech and image recognition, natural language processing and "expert system," or a computer system that emulates the decision-making ability of a human expert.
Alan Turing was a well-known English mathematician and logician. Turing is considered the father of computer science and artificial intelligence. The phrase, Turing Test, was advanced in Computing Machinery and Intelligence, a paper written by Turing in 1950. Eugene Goostman, a chatterbot, passed the Turing test in 2014. It is the first AI program that has passed the test.
Three Laws of Robotics
The Three Laws of Robotics were introduced by Isaac Asimov, a science-fiction author, in Runaround, a short story, in 1942. The laws are: A robot may not injure a human being or, through inaction, allow a human being to come to harm; a robot must obey the orders given it by human beings, except where such orders would conflict with the first law; and, a robot must protect its own existence, as long as that protection does not conflict with the first or second law. The laws caught the wide attention of scientists and sociologists, who regard the laws as the cornerstone of modern robotics.
Third Go-player vs AI Competition
Ke Jie, one of the world's best Go players, competed against Golaxy, an AI Go program, during the 2018 AI Go Competition, on April 27, in Fuzhou, East China's Fujian Province. Ke lost the game. Golaxy was developed by a Chinese AI team, and it had a very different algorithm than Alphago, Google's Go program that defeated Ke in 2017.
New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Development Plan国务院《新一代人工智能发展规划》
The State Council issued the New Generation of Artificial Intelligence Development Plan on July 20, 2017. The rapid development of AI will profoundly change humans' social lives — and the world. To seize the major strategic opportunities for the development of AI, build China's first-mover advantage in AI development, accelerate the construction of innovative country and the world's science and technology power, the plan has been enacted in accordance with the requirements of the CPC (Communist Party of China) Central Committee and State Council. China will strive to develop its AI industry and economy, over the next few decades, through breakthroughs in Ai-related technologies.
Chinese Women Startup Report in 2018《中国女性创业报告（2018）》发布
Chinese Women Startup Report in 2018 was issued in April by China Entrepreneur magazine and Mulan Foundation. According to the report, the rise of AI has brought many challenges to women; for example, AI will cause women to lose their jobs, or make it hard for them to change jobs. The algorithm of AI may pick up deeply ingrained gender discrimination concealed within the patterns of our language. However, the development of AI also has a positive influence on women. The wide application of AI technologies will emancipate women from household chores, so they will have more freedom and time to study and work. At the same time, women cannot be replaced by AI, as women have various advantages, including being educated, having a theoretical-research ability, highly valued creativity, good interpersonal relationships and coping with sudden crisis and potential risk rapidly.
Global AI Product Application Expo 2018
Global AI Product Application Expo 2018 was hosted on May 10-12 in Suzhou, a city in eastern China's Jiangsu Province. More than 1,000 AI products, from 150-plus exhibitors from 10 countries or regions, were displayed during the expo.