Promoting Implementation of National Program
The National Bureau of Statistics of China recently released the Statistical Monitoring Report on the Implementation of the National Program for Women's Development (2011-2020) in 2017. Based on analyses of the statistics and materials collected by relevant departments, the bureau evaluated China's achievements in promoting the program, especially in terms of women's health, education, the economy, social welfare, environmental and legal protection, and women's participation in the management (including decisionmaking) of social affairs. The results indicated the program was implemented smoothly, and that many of the targets outlined in the program were achieved ahead of schedule.
Women and Health
The bureau's statistics indicated the maternal mortality rate was 19.6/100,000, down from 30/100,000 in 2010.
During the past few years, many hospitals and healthcare centers have improved the healthcare services provided to pregnant and lying-in women. A large majority — 99.9 percent — of Chinese women gave birth in hospitals in 2017, an increase of 2.1 percent compared with 2010.
China has seen an overall improvement in women's reproductive health in recent years. In 2009, the Allchina Women's Federation (ACWF) and China's National Health and Family Planning Commission (CNHFPC) implemented the cancer-screening project. Under the project, rural Chinese women receive free screening for cervical and breast cancer (the "two cancers"). The project's aims are to raise awareness about the importance of healthcare and to detect the "two cancers" early, so afflicted women can receive timely medical treatment. To promote implementation of the cancer-screening project, many regions have regularly provided free screening for the "two cancers" to all women aged 30 or better.
To avoid risks during pregnancy, and to reduce the probability of birth defects, hospitals and healthcare centers, in different cities, counties or districts, in 2017 offered free premarital physical checkups to a combined 12 million people, who accounted for 91.7 percent of the total people
who planned to have babies.