The Best Landscapes Marea del Portillo-santiago de Cuba Tourist Road
This is a not-so-hyped landscape tour, yet one of the most captivating ones all across the country. It’s quite a good two-hour drive for photographers and common travelers who get the chance of taking a firsthand look at scenery marked by the sea, mountains and rivers down a southern coastal road that hooks up the Desembarco del Granma National Park and the Turquino National Park all the way to the Santiago de Cuba province.
At 4,022 feet above sea level, it offers a breathtaking view of the Sierra Maestra mountains. But the place has some exclusive landscape values of its own, plus countless wildlife and floral specials and a rich history linked to the arrival of French-haitian settlers who introduced and developed the crop of coffee and its culture in the region. The ruins of their former estates and plantations were declared World Heritage by UNESCO.
A road built between Imias and the vicinities of Baracoa, between the south and the north of the Guantanamo province. It clears natural hurdles on the ground that remained unaltered for centuries down a 20-mile highway full of cliffs, roaring rivers and dizzying heights. The road was virtually hanged on the hillsides and propped up on pillars in quite a few stretches. It runs through deep rainforests, takes peaks and valleys and lets drivers watch nonstop changes of foliage, a must-see for any tripper. World Heritage and Cultural Sites in Eastern Cuba Cubano
The San Pedro de la Roca Castle
Built between the 17th and 18th centuries, this is one of the major fortresses constructed by the Spanish rule in the Caribbean. It’s considered a valuable example of Europe’s renaissance military engineering in the region.
Sierra de Cristal
With breathtakingly lavish nature, centennial-old forests and vast colonies of tree-climbing vines and ferns, it’s located in the vicinity of the El Guayabo waterfalls –Cuba’s highest– and in the heart of the Pinares de Mayari.
Ruins of the Gran Piedra Frenchowned coffee plantations
The best-known ones are the Santa Sofia, Kentucky and La Isabelica. These
plantations are tremendously important for their architectural, cultural, scientific, technical and vial values, in addition to being living evidence of past domestic ad funerary traditions. The men and women who settled down there were the ones who built all the first pathways through the Sierra Maestra mountains that eventually became roads and dirt roads.
Desembarco del Granma National Park
This park is perched on a series of eyecatching marine cliffs and spectacular crags, evidence of the particular geological and morphological processes those rhinestone terrains endured for ages. Its most emblematic sites are the Escaleras de los Gigantes terraces and the El Guafe natural archeological trail, home to the Water Idol Cave –one of the most interesting spots visitors can see in this location. A similarly interesting trail is the Morlote-fustete one.
Alexander de Humboldt National Park
A geological gem of the Caribbean and Cuba’s main protected area, this is considered one of the best-preserved places on the entire island nation, featuring old woodlands and a great clustering of wildlife and floral species