Ma­tan­zas

Guía de Excelencias Cuba - - Summary -

Foun­ded in 1690, it is known as the "Ate­nas de Cu­ba” (The At­hens of Cu­ba,) be­cau­se of the in­ten­se cul­tu­ral li­fe it had sin­ce its foun­da­tion; and as "La Ciu­dad de los Puen­tes” (The City of Brid­ges,) be­cau­se it is cros­sed by 4 ri­vers and has 29 brid­ges, 4 of them are cen­te­na­rians and still in ope­ra­tion. The pro­vin­ce dis­plays an at­trac­ti­ve tou­rist pro­duct that com­bi­nes beach, na­tu­re, and nau­ti­cal, ur­ban and cul­tu­ral tou­rism.

Ca­pi­tal: Ma­tan­zas Ex­ten­sion: 11 798,02 sq. km Mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ties: Ma­tan­zas, Uniòn de Re­yes, Mar­tí, Pe­dro Be­tan­court, Jo­ve­lla­nos, Ja­güey Gran­de, Los Ara­bos, Pe­ri­co, Co­lón, Cár­de­nas, Li­mo­nar, Ca­li­me­te and Cié­na­ga de Za­pa­ta De­nonym: ma­tan­ce­ro/a Li­mits: It is boun­ded on the north by the Flo­ri­da Straits, to the nort­heast with the pro­vin­ce of Vi­lla Cla­ra, to the sout­heast with the pro­vin­ce of Cien­fue­gos, to the south with the Ca­rib­bean Sea, and to the west with the pro­vin­ce of Ma­ya­be­que. Ac­cess: Its main ac­ces­ses by land are the Vìa Blan­ca from Ha­va­na, the Au­to­pis­ta Na­cio­nal and the Ca­rre­te­ra Cen­tral. It has an in­ter­na­tio­nal air­port, Juan Gual­ber­to Gó­mez, and by sea it can be ac­ces­sed th­rough any of the ma­ri­nas lo­ca­ted the­re.

PLA­CES OF IN­TER­EST PLA­ZA DE LA LI­BER­TAD (SQUA­RE) 1

Con­tre­ras and San­ta Te­re­sa streets, Ma­tan­zas

The for­mer Pla­za de Ar­mas, is now the cen­ter of the so­cial li­fe of the city as a mee­ting pla­ce. At its front, it has a scul­ptu­ral en­sem­ble com­pri­sed by a re­pre­sen­ta­tion of free­dom per­so­ni­fied by a wo­man brea­king the chains in her hands, and crow­ned by a 4 m high bron­ze sta­tue of Jose Mar­ti.

Mu­seo Far­ma­céu­ti­co 2 (Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal Mu­seum)

49 and 51 Mi­la­nés, bet­ween Ayun­ta­mien­to and San­ta Te­re­sa streets, Ma­tan­zas. Tel 045 243179

Es­ta­blis­hed as a phar­macy and inau­gu­ra­ted in 1882, it was the pro­perty of Dr. Er­nes­to Trio­let un­til Ja­nuary 1964, the year in which it was reope­ned as the first

phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal mu­seum in La­tin Ame­ri­ca. In its shel­ves are kept jars, books and ori­gi­nal uten­sils. Its co­llec­tion is en­han­ced by a wi­de sam­ple of al­ba­re­llos of dif­fe­rent ma­te­rials used to sto­re me­di­ci­nes or their ingredients.

3 PLA­ZA DE LA VI­GÍA (SQUA­RE)

Mag­da­le­na bet­ween Mi­la­nés and Río streets, Ma­tan­zas

It is the foun­ding cen­ter of the city of Ma­tan­zas, from which the la­yout of the main roads of the city was ma­de. Con­nec­ted to the outs­kirts by the Con­cor­dia and Ca­lix­to Gar­cía brid­ges, around it are im­por­tant buil­dings.

4 TEA­TRO SAU­TO (THEA­TER)

Mag­da­le­na bet­ween Mi­la­nés and Me­dio streets, Pla­za de la Vi­gía, Tel 045 242721

One of the most im­por­tant thea­ters in the country, it was built thanks to the ef­forts of the pro­mi­nent phar­ma­cist Am­bro­sio de la Con­cep­ción Sau­to y No­da. Built in neo­clas­si­cal sty­le, sin­ce its foun­da­tion in 1863, its sta­ge has been the sce­ne for the big na­mes of the world sce­ne such as Sa­rah Ben­hardt and En­ri­co Ca­rus­so.

Mu­seo Pro­vin­cial Pa­la­cio de 5 Jun­co (Mu­seum)

Mi­la­nés bet­ween Mag­da­le­na and Ay­llon streets, Ma­tan­zas, Tel 045 243195

Built in 1838, it be­lon­ged to one of the ri­chest su­gar ow­ners in Ma­tan­zas, Vicente del Jun­co and Sar­di­ñas. Sin­ce 1980, it has been a Pro­vin­cial Mu­seum and ex­hi­bits in its rooms va­lua­ble ob­jects such as the ol­dest la­pi­dary of the city, the crow­bar with which the Ca­ves of Be­lla­mar we­re dis­co­ve­red, be­lon­gings of poet Bo­ni­fa­cio Byr­ne`s and the only Cu­ban mummy.

CAS­TI­LLO DE SAN SE­VE­RINO 6 AND MU­SEO DE LA RU­TA DEL ES­CLA­VO (CASTLE AND MU­SEUM)

Zo­na In­dus­trial, Re­par­to Du­brocq, Ma­tan­zas, Tel 045 28 3259

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