Cien­fue­gos

Guía de Excelencias Cuba - - Summary -

Recognized as one of the most beau­ti­ful pro­vin­ces of Cu­ba, its ca­pi­tal, Cien­fue­gos, is lo­ca­ted in one of the most im­por­tant bays of the country. Po­pu­larly ca­lled “La Per­la del Sur” (The Pearl of the South,) it was foun­ded in 1819 by French im­mi­grant Luis D'clouet, from Loui­sia­na, and na­med Fer­nan­di­na de Ja­gua.

Ca­pi­tal: Cien­fue­gos Ex­ten­sion: 4 180 sq. km

Mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ties: Cien­fue­gos, Cru­ces, Pal­mi­ra, La­jas, Agua­da de Pa­sa­je­ros, Ro­das, Abreu y Cu­ma­na­ya­gua.

De­nonym: cien­fue­gue­ro/a Li­mits: it li­mits to the north with the pro­vin­ce of Vi­lla Cla­ra, to the east with the pro­vin­ce of San­cti Spí­ri­tus, to the south with the Ca­rib­bean Sea, and to the west with the pro­vin­ce of Ma­tan­zas.

Ac­cess: it can be ac­ces­sed by air th­rough Jai­me Gon­zá­lez Air­port, whi­le by land its main ac­ces­ses are the Au­to­pis­ta Na­cio­nal (Na­tio­nal High­way) and the Ca­rre­te­ra Cen­tral (Cen­tral Road) in ad­di­tion to the na­tio­nal rail network. It has a se­con­dary network of roads and high­ways that links all ur­ban settle­ments and pla­ces of in­ter­est.

PLA­CES OF IN­TER­EST 1 Par­que Mar­tí (Park)

Ave­ni­das 54 and 56 bet­ween 25th y 29th streets

Foun­ded on April 22, 1819, it is bor­de­red by the main city buil­dings and has busts and sta­tues of the city's illus­trious sons, as well as a sta­tue of Jose Mar­ti flan­ked by two mar­ble lions. On its west si­de, it has an arch of triumph un­vei­led on May 20, 1902, in com­me­mo­ra­tion of the pro­cla­ma­tion of the Re­pu­blic.

2 Ca­te­dral de la Pu­rí­si­ma Con­cep­ción (Cat­he­dral)

Ca­lle 29 bet­ween 54th y 56th streets, Tel 043 52 5297

Lo­ca­ted on the east si­de of the squa­re, its cons­truc­tion dates back to 1870. It has a splen­did in­te­rior with mar­ble floors and a co­lor­ful al­tar with Co­rint­hian co­lumns. In its win­dows, you can see stai­ned glass win­dows im­por­ted from Fran­ce af­ter 1789 and re­pre­sen­ting the 12 apostles. Tea­tro To­más Ferry (Thea­ter) 3 2703 Ave. 56 and. 27th street, Tel 043 51 3361

Built bet­ween 1890 and 1895, it bears the na­me of its pa­tron, Don To­mas Terry, a wealthy

su­gar ty­coon from this re­gion. The pros­ce­nium is sum­ptuously de­co­ra­ted and has a bas-relief with the fi­gu­re of Diony­sus in the cen­ter. With a 900-seat ca­pa­city, it is con­si­de­red one of the main thea­ters in the country, whe­re fi­gu­res such as En­ri­co Ca­ru­so, Sa­rah Ben­hardt, Ba­llet Bols­hoi and Mexican sin­ger Jorge Ne­gre­te ha­ve been pre­sen­ted.

4 Mu­seo His­tó­ri­co Pro­vin­cial (Mu­seum)

2702 Ave. 54 and 27th street, Tel 043 51 9722

Lo­ca­ted to the south of the squa­re, in the old buil­ding of the Spa­nish Club, who­se cons­truc­tion dates from 1898, it ex­hi­bits a mo­dest co­llec­tion of an­ti­qui­ties, as well as a room de­di­ca­ted to the ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal fin­dings re­la­ted to the first in­ha­bi­tants of Ame­ri­ca.

5 Ca­sa del Fun­da­dor (Mu­seum)

Ave. 54 and. 29th streets, Tel 043 55 2144

The for­mer re­si­den­ce of the foun­der of the city Don Luis D'clouet, it trea­su­res ori­gi­nal ob­jects of its ow­ner as well as do­cu­ments re­la­ted to the history of the city and its foun­da­tion.

PA­SEO DEL PRA­DO (CA­LLE 37)

As the cen­tral ur­ban walk that cros­ses the city al­most all along and ends up whe­re Cien­fue­gos sea­front be­gins, it is cha­rac­te­ri­zed to ha­ve in its cen­ter ins­crip­tions, sta­tues and busts in honor of the illus­trious sons of the city, such as the ca­se of a sta­tue of Bar­to­lo­mé Ma­xi­mi­li­ano Moré,

Benny Moré, "El Bár­ba­ro del Rit­mo", one of the em­ble­ma­tic fi­gu­res of Cu­ban mu­sic and world re­now­ned for his pe­cu­liar way of sin­ging and con­duc­ting his or­ches­tra, the Ban­da Gi­gan­te, in ad­di­tion to his beau­ti­ful songs. Ma­de in bron­ze, the sta­tue is lo­ca­ted at the in­ter­sec­tion of Pra­do with Ave. 54 and was scul­pted by Jo­sé Vi­lla So­be­rón.

6 Pa­la­cio de Va­lle (Res­tau­rant)

Ca­lle 37 and Ave. 2, Tel 043 51 1003

Con­si­de­red as the je­wel and pri­de of Cien­fue­gos ar­chi­tec­tu­re, it aro­se from a mo­dest hou­se be­lon­ging to mer­chant Ce­les­tino Cá­ce­res. La­ter it was the wed­ding gift of the fat­her of Am­pa­ro Sue­ro Ro­drí­guez for his daugh­ter and his son-in-law Acis­clo del Va­lle Blan­co. The couple, af­ter their ho­ney­moon in Spain, de­ci­ded to build a uni­que vi­lla of eclec­tic sty­le, at the cost of one and a half mi­llion pe­sos. Bet­ween 1913 and 1917, crafts­men from Fran­ce, Ara­bia, Italy and Cu­ba wor­ked in the buil­ding and im­por­ted ma­te­rials from Spain, Italy and the Uni­ted Sta­tes (mar­ble, ala­bas­ter, bron­ze, glass and ce­ra­mics). Si­mi­lar to Mug­hal sty­le buil­dings, it has de­li­ca­te flo­ral mo­tifs, po­li­lo­bed ar­ches, bulb-sha­ped do­mes and de­li­ca­te ala­bas­ter ara­bes­ques. It cu­rrently hosts a res­tau­rant at­ta­ched to Ho­tel Ja­gua, and an inn.

7 CE­MEN­TE­RIO DE REI­NA (CE­ME­TERY)

Ave. 50 and ca­lle 7

Con­si­de­red a true mu­seum of fu­ne­rary art, it is lo­ca­ted at the wes­tern end of the city and was de­cla­red a Na­tio­nal Mo­nu­ment. It has a ga­llery of French and Ita­lian ba­ro­que sta­tuary that has among its main pie­ces the sta­tue of the Slee­ping Beauty, around which ha­ve ari­sen se­ve­ral sto­ries. In 1839, it was pla­ced in its pre­sent pla­ce to mo­ve it away from the city cen­ter and thus pro­tect the population from pos­si­ble con­ta­gion by cor­pses of de­cea­sed from cho­le­ra or ot­her di­sea­ses.

CE­MEN­TE­RIO DE TO­MÁS ACEA (CE­ME­TERY)

Ave. 5 de Sep­tiem­bre, Tel 043 52 5257

Lo­ca­ted 2 km east of the city on the road to Ran­cho Lu­na, it has im­pres­si­ve neo­clas­si­cal struc­tu­res. Con­si­de­red a je­wel of Cu­ban fu­ne­rary ar­chi­tec­tu­re, in 1926 it re­pla­ced the Rei­na Ce­me­tery and was con­cei­ved as a lar­ge gar­den with trails and fruit trees. Its ele­gant ma­na­ge­ment buil­ding, which fun­ctions as an en­tran­ce, is sup­por­ted by 64 Do­ric co­lumns. It was de­sig­ned by en­gi­neers Pa­blo Do­na­to Car­bo­nell and Luis Fe­li­pe Ros and cons­ti­tu­tes a va­lua­ble sam­ple of the use of the most mo­dern North Ame­ri­can cons­truc­ti­ve con­cepts of his ti­me.

BAL­NEA­RIO CIE­GO MON­TE­RO (SPA)

Lo­ca­ted in a beau­ti­ful spot in the vi­ci­nity of the town of Cie­go Mon­te­ro, 27 km from the city of Cien­fue­gos, this cen­ter has mi­ne­ral-me­di­ci­nal chlo­ri­des, bi­car­bo­na­ted, so­dium and cal­cium wa­ters, clas­si­fied as sul­fur si­li­ca and con­tai­ning bro­mi­ne. Its tem­pe­ra­tu­re ran­ges bet­ween 32 and 43 ° C. It has in­si­de 2 co­llec­ti­ve swim­ming pools, 5 in­di­vi­dual swim­ming pools and 2 der­ma­to­lo­gi­cal pools. It has hot sho­wers and a hot tub. The cen­ter has 24 rooms and a ca­pa­city for 53 peo­ple.

JAR­DÍN BO­TÁ­NI­CO (BO­TA­NI­CAL GAR­DEN)

Ca­lle Cen­tral 136, Pe­pi­to Tey, Tel 043 54 5115

Con­si­de­red one of the most im­por­tant gar­dens of the is­land, not only for its antiquity but al­so for the va­lua­ble co­llec­tions of uni­que plants of its kind in Ame­ri­ca. It oc­cu­pies an area of 97 hec­ta­res and was foun­ded by Ame­ri­can bu­si­ness­man Ed­win F. At­kins, who at the end of the 19th cen­tury pur­cha­sed the su­gar mill “So­le­dad.” With the in­ten­tion of im­pro­ving su­gar ca­ne va­rie­ties and ob­tai­ning grea­ter be­ne­fits from his pos­ses­sions, in 1901, the bo­ta­ni­cal gar­den was built un­der his pa­tro­na­ge un­der the na­me Har­vard Bo­ta­ni­cal Sta­tion for Tro­pi­cal Re­search and Su­gar Ca­ne In­ves­ti­ga­tion. Har­vard Uni­ver­sity ran the cen­ter from 1919 to 1960. It cu­rrently hou­ses mo­re than 1 417 plant spe­cies and mo­re than 500 of them are uni­que spe­ci­mens.

PLA­YA RAN­CHO LU­NA (BEACH)

About 15 km sout­heast of Cien­fue­gos is the pea­ce­ful Ran­cho Lu­na beach. It has, among its at­trac­tions, the Dolphinarium (Tel 043 548120) that puts on shows twi­ce a day as well as the pos­si­bi­lity to touch and swim with the dolp­hins. The vi­si­tor can do scu­ba di­ving, rent ca­ta­ma­rans and wa­ter bi­kes, as well as vi­sit the Re­fu­gio Gua­na­ro­ca Pun­ta Ga­vi­lán (Ca­rre­te­ra Cien­fue­gos-ran­cho Lu­na km 12 / Tel 04354 8117), crea­ted in 2013 for the pro­tec­tion of a flock of about 50 young fla­min­gos that emi­gra­ted from the Cié­na­ga de Za­pa­ta and the north of Ca­ma­guey to the area.

FOR­TA­LE­ZA NUES­TRA SE­ÑO­RA DE JA­GUA (FOR­TRESS)

Po­bla­do del Cas­ti­llo de Ja­gua, Tel 043 96 5402

It pro­tects the en­tran­ce of Cien­fue­gos bay. The cons­truc­tion of the ori­gi­nal for­tress was star­ted in 1733 to pro­tect the area from pri­va­teer and pi­ra­te at­tacks, as well as from the Ro­yal En­glish Navy. The de­sign was com­mis­sio­ned to en­gi­neer Jo­seph Tan­te­te and was con­clu­ded 12 years la­ter and na­med Cas­ti­llo de Nues­tra Se­ño­ra de los Án­ge­les de Ja­gua. Nestled on a small height, the for­tress fi­nally res­to­red is avai­la­ble to vi­si­tors, who may al­so learn about the le­gend of the lady dres­sed in blue: a mys­te­rious wo­man who, at night, would run around the castle frigh­te­ning the guards. One of them is said to ha­ve been found in a sta­te of shock hol­ding in his hands a pie­ce of blue cloth and that he could ne­ver re­co­ver from this ex­pe­rien­ce.

EL NI­CHO (RE­SORT)

Tel 043 43 3351

Lo­ca­ted 48 km east of Cien­fue­gos, it is a re­crea­tio­nal re­sort be­lon­ging to Cu­ma­na­ya­gua. Wi­dely known for its spec­ta­cu­lar wa­ter­falls and na­tu­ral pools of cold tur­quoi­se wa­ters, it is one of the best pla­ces for prac­ti­cing na­tu­re tou­rism in pla­ces of sin­gu­lar beauty. In the su­rroun­dings it is pos­si­ble to do bird watching and trek­king.

THE NI­CHO NA­TU­RAL PARK Fa­mous for the beauty of its wa­ter­falls and na­tu­ral pools

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