Las Tu­nas

Guía de Excelencias Cuba - - Summary -

A bor­de­ring city bet­ween the cen­tral and eastern re­gions, its ca­pi­tal was foun­ded in 1796, bears the pseu­donym of “Ca­pi­tal de la Es­cul­tu­ra Cu­ba­na” (The Ca­pi­tal of Cu­ban Scul­ptu­re). The co­exis­ten­ce of se­ve­ral ar­chi­tec­tu­ral sty­les is the main cha­rac­te­ris­tic of its His­to­ri­cal Cen­ter. Alt­hough it cu­rrently has little tou­rist de­ve­lop­ment, it has in­ter­es­ting at­trac­tions. Of deeply-roo­ted pea­sant fol­klo­re, the city is ce­le­bra­ted due to the Jor­na­da Na­cio­nal Cu­ca­lam­bea­na (Na­tio­nal Cu­ca­lam­bea­na Day) a fes­ti­val of tra­di­tio­nal po­pu­lar cul­tu­re held in honor to the poet Juan Cris­tó­bal Ná­po­les Fa­jar­do.

1 Ca­pi­tal: Las Tu­nas Ex­ten­sion: 6 588 sq. km

Mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ties: Las Tu­nas, Puer­to Pa­dre, Je­sus Me­nén­dez, Ma­na­tí, Ma­ji­ba­coa, Aman­cio, Co­lom­bia and Jo­ba­bo.

De­nonym: tu­ne­ro/a Li­mits: it li­mits to the north with the pro­vin­ce of Ca­ma­güey and the Atlan­tic Ocean, to the east with the pro­vin­ce of Hol­guín, to the south with the pro­vin­ce Gran­ma and the Gol­fo de Gua­ca­na­ya­bo, and to the west with the pro­vin­ce of Ca­ma­güey.

Ac­cess: it is cros­sed by the Ca­rre­te­ra Cen­tral (Cen­tral Na­tio­nal Road) and the Cen­tral Rail­way and has an air­port for do­mes­tic flights.

PLA­CES OF IN­TER­EST PAR­QUE VICENTE GAR­CÍA (PARK)

Vicente Gar­cía, Co­lón, Fran­cis­co Ve­ga and Fran­cis­co Va­ro­na streets

work of the ar­chi­tect Do­min­go Alás Rosell, was inau­gu­ra­ted on March 25, 1995. In it is lo­ca­ted a scul­ptu­re de­sig­ned and car­ved by the fa­mous Cu­ban scul­ptor Ri­ta Lon­ga re­pre­sents the na­tio­nal he­ro of Cu­ba, Jo­sé Mar­tí, al­so known as the "apostle" or the "tea­cher". The at­trac­ti­ve­ness of this mo­nu­ment is that it forms a who­le with the squa­re, ac­qui­ring full mea­ning in re­la­tion to ot­her ele­ments pre­sent in it. The squa­re has th­ree fun­da­men­tal com­po­nents: a con­vec­ti­ve so­lar re­flec­tor, a so­lar ca­len­dar and a so­lar clock that re­pre­sents the ti­me ac­cu­ra­tely. Clo­sely re­la­ted to the mo­ve­ment of the sha­dow is the ca­len­dar lo­ca­ted on the ground, whe­re im­por­tant his­to­ri­cal and as­tro­no­mi­cal dates are in­di­ca­ted for the com­mu­nity, such as the birth

and death of Jo­sé Mar­tí or the sols­ti­ces and equi­no­xes of the sta­tions. The re­flec­tor is a mi­rror pla­ced on the head of a pe­des­tal that ma­na­ges to pro­ject the sun­light on­to the bron­ze fa­ce of the "apostle". The stri­king thing is that it is lo­ca­ted as­tro­no­mi­cally in such a way that every May 19th at 2:30 pm the sun­light is re­flec­ted on the fa­ce of the scul­ptu­re; just the da­te and ti­me of the death of the Na­tio­nal He­ro. This light ef­fect is ins­pi­red by the ver­ses of the poet:

"Do not put me in the dark, to die as a trai­tor, I am good and as good, I will die fa­cing the sun "Mu­seo

His­tó­ri­co Pro­vin­cial (Mu­seum)

Fran­cis­co Va­ro­na, bet­ween Án­gel Guar­da and Adolfo Vi­lla­mar streets, Tel 031 34 8201

It has an eclec­tic co­llec­tion of pie­ces re­la­ted to history and lo­cal cul­tu­re, as well as a room de­di­ca­ted to the in­ter na­tio­na­lism of the Cu­ban peo­ple, and anot­her one to na­tu­ral history.

Ca­sa de Vicente Gar­cía

5 Vicente Gar­cía bet­ween Fran­cis­co Ve­ga and Ju­lián San­ta­na streets, Tel 031 34 5164

In this buil­ding, on Sep­tem­ber 26, 1876, Ge­ne­ral Vicente Gar­cia pro­po­sed set­ting fi­re to the city to pre­vent it from fa­lling in­to the hands of the Spa­niards. The buil­ding, which mi­racu­lously sur­vi­ved the fi­re, is to­day a mu­seum com­me­mo­ra­ting the wars for in­de­pen­den­ce.

PLA­ZA DE LA RE­VO­LU­CIÓN (SQUA­RE)

Ave. 30 de no­viem­bre and Ave. 2 de di­ciem­bre

Its main fea­tu­re is a mo­nu­ment de­di­ca­ted to Ma­jor Ge­ne­ral Vicente Gar­cia, built in pink con­cre­te with bas-re­liefs, sho­wing the lo­cal he­ro with the ma­che­te drawn. In the squa­re is the Sa­lón de los Ge­ne­ra­les, which ex­hi­bits busts of ot­her outs­tan­ding ge­ne­rals who par­ti­ci­pa­ted in the strug­gles for in­de­pen­den­ce.

2 FUER­TE DE LA LO­MA (FOR­TRESS)

Mu­ni­ci­pa­lity of Puer­to Pa­dre, Las Tu­nas

It was built in mid-1869 by a sec­tion of the Spa­nish Army's en­gi­neers. De­cla­red a Na­tio­nal Mo­nu­ment in 1981, it is the only one of the country in who­se cons­truc­tion the tech­ni­que of mam­pues­to (rough stone) was used from lo­cal ele­ments such as li­mes­to­ne and sand. Alt­hough con­si­de­red im­preg­na­ble, on Fe­bruary 14, 1877 it was ta­ken by a mam­bí com­mand un­der the com­mand of Vicente Gar­cía.

3 PLA­YA CO­VA­RRU­BIAS (BEACH)

Lo­ca­ted on the nort­hern coast of the pro­vin­ce, it has 4 km of whi­te sands and tur­quoi­se wa­ters whe­re you can prac­ti­ce wa­ter sports such as scu­ba di­ving and deep-sea fis­hing. It is the only one of the bea­ches in the pro­vin­ce that has ac­com­mo­da­tion in the Bri­sas Co­va­rru­bias Ho­tel (Pla­ya Co­va­rru­bias/tel 031 51 5530).

MON­TE CABANIGUÁN

Jo­ba­bo, Las Tu­nas

Lo­ca­ted to the south of the mu­ni­ci­pa­lity of Jo­ba­bo, bet­ween the pro­vin­ces of Gran­ma and Las Tu­nas, it is fa­mous for being the lar­gest re­ser­ve in the world of the spe­cies of the cro­co­di­le Acu­tus, al­so known as Ame­ri­can cro­co­di­le, cro­co­di­le need­le or cro­co­di­le no­se. In 1986, the area was stu­died and in­ves­ti­ga­ted and in 1990 the Don Mi­guel Ál­va­rez del To­ro Bio­lo­gi­cal Sta­tion was built.

Co­ve­ring 14,500 hec­ta­res of land, brief aqua­tic vi­sits can be ma­de to en­ter the most in­ter­es­ting and exo­tic wild­li­fe re­fu­ge in the country. In it you will ha­ve the op­por­tu­nity to ob­ser­ve aqua­tic birds li­ke fla­min­gos, exo­tic birds such as the Cu­ban pa­ra­keet or the Cu­ban pi­ji­je, etc. It is an area protected in­ter­na­tio­nally as Ram­sar Wetland, hen­ce it is one of the best pre­ser­ved and protected na­tu­ral si­tes in the country

GE­NE­RAL PRO­VIN­CIAL HIS­TO­RI­CAL MU­SEUM “VICENTE GAR­CÍA”

MON­TE CABANIGUÁN AME­RI­CAN CRO­CO­DI­LE HATCHERY (Cro­cody­lus acu­tus)

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