Gran­ma

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It has Ba­ya­mo as ca­pi­tal city and was the se­cond town foun­ded by Die­go Ve­láz­quez in 1513, un­der the na­me of San Sal­va­dor de Ba­ya­mo and that was the first ca­pi­tal of the Re­pu­blic at Arms. Known as the “Ciu­dad Mo­nu­men­to de Cu­ba” (Cu­ba`s Mo­nu­ment City) and “Cu­na de la Na­cio­na­li­dad” (The Crad­le of Na­tio­na­lity,) it of­fers a va­ried his­to­ri­cal cul­tu­ral tou­rism pro­duct. The pro­vin­ce has ot­her des­ti­na­tions of in­ter­est such as the City of Man­za­ni­llo and its na­tu­ral parks.

2 Ca­pi­tal: Ba­ya­mo Ex­ten­sion: 8 375 sq. km

Mu­ni­ci­pa­li­ties: Ba­ya­mo, Man­za­ni­llo, Cam­pe­chue­la, Ji­gua­ní, Pi­lón, Ni­que­ro, Bar­to­lo­mé Ma­só, Buey Arri­ba, Gui­sa, Me­dia Lu­na, Rio Cau­to, Ya­ra and Cau­to Cris­to. De­nonym: gran­men­se

Li­mits: it li­mits to the north with the pro­vin­ces of Las Tu­nas and Hol­guín, to the east with the pro­vin­ces of Hol­guín and San­tia­go de Cu­ba, to the south with the pro­vin­ce of San­tia­go de Cu­ba and the Ca­rib­bean Sea, and to the west with the Gol­fo de Gua­ca­na­ya­bo.

Ac­cess: by air it can be ac­ces­sed th­rough the Sierra Maes­tra in Man­za­ni­llo and Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des air­ports in Ba­ya­mo, whi­le by land the main ac­cess route is the Ca­rre­te­ra Cen­tral (Na­tio­nal Cen­tral Road.)

PLA­CES OF IN­TER­EST BA­YA­MO

A Ciu­dad Mo­nu­men­to (Mo­nu­ment City) who­se history is lar­gely lin­ked to the strug­gles for the in­de­pen­den­ce of the Is­land is known for kee­ping its an­ces­tral tra­di­tions of hor­se­drawn ca­rria­ge ri­des and for its rich cu­li­nary cul­tu­re nur­tu­red by the le­gacy of the abo­ri­gi­nes.

2 PAR­QUE CÉS­PE­DES (PARK)

Li­ber­tad, Ma­ceo, Ge­ne­ral Gar­cía, Ca­ci­que Gua­má streets

It is a beau­ti­ful park su­rroun­ded by the most im­por­tant buil­dings of the vi­lla. In its cen­ter it has a co­lumn of gra­ni­te crow­ned by a sta­tue of Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des. In the park the­re is al­so a bust of the Puer­to Ri­can pa­triot Pe­ru­cho Fi­gue­re­do, aut­hor of the Na­tio­nal Ant­hem.

Ca­sa Na­tal de Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des

57 Ma­ceo bet­ween Jo­sé Joa­quín Pal­ma and Do­na­to Már­mol streets, Tel 023 42 3864

The birth ho­me of the Fat­her of the Na­tion is a mu­seum that re­veals pas­sa­ges of the li­fe of this he­ro of Cu­ban in­de­pen­den­ce th­rough photos, ori­gi­nal do­cu­ments and fa­mily re­lics. It al­so has rooms that dis­play a re­crea­tion of the in­te­rior en­vi­ron­ments of a ty­pi­cal fa­mily ho­me of creo­le lan­dow­ners of the la­te ni­ne­teenth and early twen­tieth cen­tu­ries.

3 PLA­ZA DEL HIMNO (SQUA­RE)

Ma­ceo, Pa­dre Ba­tis­ta, Jo­sé Joa­quín Pal­ma, Má­xi­mo Gó­mez and Cés­pe­des streets

It was the set­ting of many of the ce­le­bra­tions of the city of Ba­ya­mo, as well as of trans­cen­den­tal his­to­ri­cal events li­ke that of the en­tran­ce of the Cu­ban li­be­ra­ting army for­ces in the city, Oc­to­ber 20, 1868, when the who­le town, fi­lled with pas­sion, as­ked the Ba­ya­mo poet Pe­dro Fi­gue­re­do to re­veal the Himno de Ba­ya­mo (Hymn of Ba­ya­mo) a pa­trio­tic march that be­ca­me the Na­tio­nal Ant­hem.

4 Igle­sia Pa­rro­quial Ma­yor del San­tí­si­mo Sal­va­dor (Church)

Pla­za del Himno, Tel 023 42 2514 De­cla­red Mo­nu­men­to Na­cio­nal (Na­tio­nal Mo­nu­ment,) it was one of the few buil­dings that sur­vi­ved the fi­re that de­vas­ta­ted the city on Ja­nuary 12, 1869, pre­ven­ting it from fa­lling in­to enemy hands. This was the pla­ce whe­re the song that ga­ve ori­gin to the Na­tio­nal Ant­hem was sung for the first ti­me, "La Ba­ya­me­sa," on Ju­ne 11, 1868 by 12 Ba­ya­mo young peo­ple. One of the most im­por­tant fea­tu­res of the church is the beau­ti­ful mu­ral that adorns its high al­tar. The tem­ple oc­cu­pies the si­te that was pre­viously oc­cu­pied by the ori­gi­nal church built in 1516, which was la­ter re­cons­truc­ted twi­ce, in the years 1733, and 1869. It has cei­lings in Mu­de­jar sty­le whi­le the main al­tar is in Ba­ro­que sty­le.

MU­SEO DE CE­RA (MU­SEUM)

254 Ca­lix­to Gar­cía, Tel 023 425421

Uni­que of its kind in the country, it ex­hi­bits 10 li­fe-si­ze wax

sta­tues of pres­ti­gious mu­si­cians and fa­mous peo­ple, such as Er­nest He­ming­way and Po­lo Mon­ta­ñez.

VEN­TA­NA DE LUZ VÁZ­QUEZ

160 Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des bet­ween Pe­ru­cho Fi­gue­re­do and Lo­ra streets

It was the re­si­den­ce of Luz Váz­quez y Mo­reno, who ins­pi­red the first Cu­ban trou­ba­dour song, "La Ba­ya­me­sa." The story goes that the young wo­man was dis­plea­sed with her hus­band, and the lat­ter, in or­der to re­con­quer her, as­ked poet Jo­sé For­na­ris and Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des for help, and the th­ree to­get­her wro­te the ly­rics of the song. The­re is a be­lief that if se­ve­ral peo­ple lean with their fa­ces against the wall, for­ming a li­ne, the ghost of the young wo­man ap­pears as they mo­ve off the wall.

5 PAR­QUE NA­CIO­NAL PI­CO 5 TUR­QUINO (NA­TIO­NAL PARK)

With uni­que beau­ties fra­med in a sce­nery abun­dant in his­to­ri­cal events, the Par­que Na­cio­nal Tur­quino pre­ser­ves one of the best con­ser­ved moun­tain ecosys­tems of the country. It is lo­ca­ted in the west-cen­tral re­gion of the Sierra Maes­tra and oc­cu­pies te­rri­to­ries be­lon­ging to the pro­vin­ces of Gran­ma and San­tia­go de Cu­ba. Among its main at­trac­tions is the Sen­de­ro Pi­co Tur­quino (Pi­co Tur­quino Trail.)

6 MAN­ZA­NI­LLO

Man­za­ni­llo ranks as the se­cond city in im­por­tan­ce of the pro­vin­ce. Known as the “Ciu­dad del Gol­fo de Gua­ca­na­ya­bo” ("City of the Gulf of Gua­ca­na­ya­bo",) it was thus na­med on July 11, 1792. Ne­vert­he­less, its ori­gin is pre­vious, which is evi­den­ced in the poem “Es­pe­jo de Pa­cien­cia,” who­se plot ta­kes pla­ce in this town in 1604, when it was al­ready es­ta­blis­hed as an im­por­tant cen­ter of ma­ri­ti­me tra­de in the re­gion.

7 PAR­QUE CÉS­PE­DES (PARK)

Ma­ceo, Mar­tí, Mer­chán and Ma­só streets

It is a beau­ti­ful cen­tral park of the city around which the city`s li­fe re­vol­ves. It is or­na­men­ted with beau­ti­ful gra­ni­te ben­ches, cast iron lamp­posts with Spa­nish mo­tifs, four foun­tains and four sp­hin­xes on each of its cor­ners, as well as the busts of the he­roes the streets are na­med af­ter. In its cen­ter is the main sym­bol of the city, La Glo­rie­ta, ins­pi­red on one of the mi­na­rets of the Pa­tio de los Leo­nes in the Pa­la­cio de la Al­ham­bra, is the work of ar­chi­tect Car­los Se­gre­ra and is con­si­de­red a je­wel of the eclec­tic ar­chi­tec­tu­re of the be­gin­ning of the cen­tury in the lo­ca­lity.

Pa­rro­quia de la Pu­rí­si­ma Con­cep­ción (Church)

Ma­ceo bet­ween Mar­tí and Jo­sé Mi­guel Gó­mez streets

Lo­ca­ted on the north si­de of the park, it stands out for the beauty of its eclec­tic sty­le cons­truc­tion and the clean li­nes in the de­sign. It has a clock in one of its to­wers. Its in­te­rior is re­mark-

able for the de­tails of its vaul­ted cei­ling and by the fi­li­gree works of its ma­jor al­tar.

Tea­tro Man­za­ni­llo (Thea­ter)

Vi­lluen­das and Mer­chán streets. Tel 023 572973

Built bet­ween 1852 and 1856 in Ba­ro­que sty­le on its faça­de, it stands out for its co­lor­ful and beau­ti­ful glass and wood or­na­ments on the out­si­de. La­ter, neo­clas­si­cal ele­ments we­re ad­ded, be­co­ming an eclec­tic buil­ding. The lu­xu­rious in­te­rior is or­na­men­ted with the mu­rals of two nymphs on both si­des of the sta­ge as well as flo­ral mo­tifs on the cei­ling. Af­ter long years of re­pair, its doors we­re reope­ned as one of the main cul­tu­ral sta­ges of the re­gion.

8 MU­SEO HIS­TÓ­RI­CO LA DE­MA­JA­GUA (MU­SEUM)

Tel 052 1948

Lo­ca­ted 13 km to the south of the city of Man­za­ni­llo, this was the pla­ce whe­re the strug­gles for the in­de­pen­den­ce of the Is­land star­ted with the re­lea­se of the sla­ves by Car­los Ma­nuel de Cés­pe­des on Oc­to­ber 10, 1868. Cu­rrently tur­ned in­to a mu­seum, it dis­plays ori­gi­nal pie­ces of the su­gar mill, as well as part of the wall with the bell that would toll sum­mo­ning the sla­ves for work and tur­ned in­to a sym­bol of free­dom. In the vi­ci­nity is a ja­güey tree that grew in the midd­le of one of the wheels of the old mill.

9 PAR­QUE NA­CIO­NAL DES­EM­BAR­CO 9 DEL GRAN­MA (NA­TIO­NAL PARK)

Des­cri­bed by many as an earthly pa­ra­di­se, the Par­que Na­cio­nal Des­em­bar­co del Gran­ma was de­cla­red a UNES­CO World He­ri­ta­ge Si­te in 1999. Lo­ca­ted in the wes­tern­most part of the Sierra Maes­tra, it co­vers an area of 27,000 hec­ta­res and is cha­rac­te­ri­zed by beau­ti­ful cliffs and high ver­ti­cal es­carp­ments, very well pre­ser­ved. The area abounds with lands­ca­pes full of wa­ter­falls, back­wa­ters, lush ve­ge­ta­tion and a va­ried fau­na. The­re are do­zens of ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal si­tes in the area, such as Gua­fe that com­pri­ses a co­llec­tion of ceremonial and fu­ne­ral ca­ves

10 MA­REA DEL POR­TI­LLO (BEACH)

An in­ter­es­ting gray sandy beach, with a fier­ce surf, and avai­la­ble lod­ging, is lo­ca­ted 15 km east of Pi­lón. It is the only beach with tou­rist at­trac­tions in the re­gion.

IGLE­SIA PA­RRO­QUIAL MA­YOR DEL SAN­TÍ­SI­MO SAL­VA­DOR, BA­YA­MO

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