MA­TAN­ZAS

Guía de Excelencias Cuba - - Cuba Guidebook -

It was the first and most im­por­tant buil­ding of the city fi­nis­hed in 1745: a ty­pi­cal Renaissance mi­li­tary cons­truc­tion, which is an as­si­mi­la­tion of the de­fen­si­ve sys­tem ex­ten­ded by the French and Ita­lians in the six­teenth and se­ven­teenth cen­tu­ries. In 1978, it was de­cla­red Na­tio­nal Mo­nu­ment be­cau­se of its his­to­ri­cal and ar­chi­tec­tu­ral va­lues.

It is cu­rrently ho­me to the Sla­ve

Route Mu­seum inau­gu­ra­ted on Ju­ne 16, 2009, which illus­tra­tes the history of sla­very in the re­gion as well as ele­ments of the Afro-cu­ban re­li­gion.

CUE­VAS DE BE­LLA­MAR (CA­VES)

Ca­rre­te­ra de las Cue­vas, Tel 045 25 3190

It is a group of ca­ves with mo­re than 23 km of ga­lle­ries, dis­co­ve­red ac­ci­den­tally in 1861 when a sla­ve lost his jimmy whi­le ope­ning a ho­le in the ground to re­mo­ve a li­mes­to­ne rock. It was ori­gi­nally na­med "Cue­vas de Par­ga," in honor of Don Ma­nuel San­tos Par­ga, the ow­ner of the farm whe­re the discovery took pla­ce.

At the en­tran­ce is a 32-cen­tur­yold sta­lac­ti­te, ca­lled the "Man­to de Co­lón," the lar­gest and ol­dest rock for­ma­tion with 12 m of height and of a ra­re beauty due to its res­plen­dent struc­tu­re co­ve­red by a crys­ta­lli­ne la­yer of great beauty. The Cue­vas de Be­lla­mar ha­ve great scien­ti­fic im­por­tan­ce be­cau­se they ha­ve been the sce­ne of di­ver­se dis­co­ve­ries.

MU­SEO EL MO­RRI­LLO (MU­SEUM)

Lo­ca­ted at the en­tran­ce of the Bay of Ma­tan­zas, a few me­ters from the mouth of the Ca­ní­mar Ri­ver, it was part of the de­fen­si­ve sys­tem built by the Spa­niards around Ma­tan­zas bay, with the pur­po­se of de­fen­ding the city from the at­tacks of pri­va­teers and pi­ra­tes. Built in 1720, it ini­tially had a hor­ses­hoes­ha­ped bat­tery, a tu­rret, and a loop­ho­led fort. To­day, it is a mu­seum de­di­ca­ted to dis­play on the li­fe of re­vo­lu­tio­nary lea­der An­to­nio Gui­te­ras Hol­mes and Car­los Aponte who we­re as­sas­si­na­ted in the for­tress in 1935.

ER­MI­TA DE MON­SE­RRAT 7 (CHAPEL)

Al­tu­ras de Sim­pson, Va­lle del Yu­mu­rí

Built with the co­lla­bo­ra­tion of Ca­ta­lans li­ving in the city, its ori­gins da­te back to the se­cond half of the 19th cen­tury. In 1930, it was vi­si­ted by the Spa­nish poet Fe­de­ri­co Gar­cía Lor­ca, who was pho­to­grap­hed the­re with lo­cal chil­dren.

VA­RA­DE­RO

A town foun­ded in 1887, to­day it has be­co­me a spe­cial te­rri­tory, be­lon­ging to the mu­ni­ci­pa­lity of Cár­de­nas. Recognized as one of the best spas in the world, it has 22 km of bea­ches of fi­ne whi­te sand. Known as a spa town, it has ot­her ad­ded bo­nu­ses and na­tu­ral at­trac­tions such as es­carp­ments, ca­ves, vir­gin cays and in­cre­di­ble lands­ca­pes on its wes­tern si­de. Among its rich fea­tu­res, the Pe­nin­su­la of Hi­ca­cos has abo­ri­gi­nal pic­to­graphs lo­ca­ted in the Cue­va de Am­bro­sio and in the ruins of Sa­li­na La

Ca­la­ve­ra (salt­works), con­si­de­red li­ke the first one ex­ploi­ted by the Spa­niards in Ame­ri­ca.

As a tou­rist des­ti­na­tion for bu­si­ness, Va­ra­de­ro hosts con­gres­ses and fairs at the Cen­tro de Con­ven­cio­nes Pla­za Amé­ri­ca. It of­fers ex­ce­llent con­di­tions for the prac­ti­ce of nau­ti­cal sports of all kinds and deep-sea fis­hing. Its rich sea­bed is ideal for di­ving and has nu­me­rous di­ving si­tes with mo­re than 40 dif­fe­rent ty­pes of co­ral, a great di­ver­sity of fish, crus­ta­ceans, turtles and mo­llusks. Among ot­her sports in Va­ra­de­ro, sky­di­ving in in­di­vi­dual and tan­dem mo­de is prac­ti­ced in Va­ra­de­ro.

1 Par­que Re­ti­ro Jo­so­ne

Ave. 1ra bet­ween 54th and 59th streets, Tel 045 66 7228

It is a mag­ni­fi­cent gar­den de­sig­ned by Jo­sé Itu­rrioz and One­lia Méndez in 1942, who li­ved

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