FAST FACTS ON CAN­CER

mailife - - Health -

Here are some key points about can­cer. More de­tail and sup­port­ing in­for­ma­tion is in the main ar­ti­cle. More than 575,000 peo­ple die of can­cer, and more than 1.5 mil­lion peo­ple are di­ag­nosed with can­cer per year in the US alone. In Fiji, there are ap­prox­i­mately 700 can­cer deaths per year. Can­cer is con­sid­ered to be one of the lead­ing causes of mor­bid­ity and mor­tal­ity world­wide.

The fi­nan­cial costs of can­cer in the US per year alone are an es­ti­mated $263.8 bil­lion in med­i­cal costs and lost pro­duc­tiv­ity. It is be­lieved that can­cer risk can be re­duced by avoid­ing to­bacco, lim­it­ing al­co­hol in­take, lim­it­ing UV ray ex­po­sure from the sun and tan­ning beds and main­tain­ing a healthy diet, level of fit­ness and seek­ing reg­u­lar med­i­cal care. Screen­ing can lo­cate cer­vi­cal can­cer, col­orec­tal can­cer and breast can­cer at an early, treat­able stage. Vac­cines such as the hu­man pa­pil­lo­mavirus (HPV) vac­cine as­sists in pre­vent­ing some cer­vi­cal, vagi­nal, vul­var, and oral can­cers. A vac­cine for hep­ati­tis B can re­duce liver can­cer risk. Ac­cord­ing to the World Health Or­ga­ni­za­tion (WHO), the num­bers of new can­cer cases is ex­pected to rise by about 70% over the next 20 years.

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