FAST FACTS ON CANCER
Here are some key points about cancer. More detail and supporting information is in the main article. More than 575,000 people die of cancer, and more than 1.5 million people are diagnosed with cancer per year in the US alone. In Fiji, there are approximately 700 cancer deaths per year. Cancer is considered to be one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide.
The financial costs of cancer in the US per year alone are an estimated $263.8 billion in medical costs and lost productivity. It is believed that cancer risk can be reduced by avoiding tobacco, limiting alcohol intake, limiting UV ray exposure from the sun and tanning beds and maintaining a healthy diet, level of fitness and seeking regular medical care. Screening can locate cervical cancer, colorectal cancer and breast cancer at an early, treatable stage. Vaccines such as the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine assists in preventing some cervical, vaginal, vulvar, and oral cancers. A vaccine for hepatitis B can reduce liver cancer risk. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), the numbers of new cancer cases is expected to rise by about 70% over the next 20 years.