The 2014 Eu­ro­pean elec­tions Stakes of the Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment Opi­nion poll

Investir en Europe - - Contents -

504 mil­lion people in Eu­ro­pean Union can cast their vote for a new Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment in May 2014. The 751 de­pu­ties will take up their seats in Ju­ly.

Since the first Eu­ro­pean elec­tions of 1979 (38% of abs­ten­tions), the abs­ten­tion in­creases un­til 2009 (57% of abs­ten­tions). The Uni­ted King­dom or Eas­tern Eu­ro­pean coun­tries are more skep­tics about Eu­rope (in the UK, each Eu­ro­pean elec­tions run a high abs­ten­tion bet­ween 76% - 61,5%) than others (Ita­lia : low abs­ten­tion bet­ween 14,35% - 35%).

Yet, the Eu­ro­pean Union en­lar­ge­ment-6 mem­ber States to be­gin and 28 now- and the de­ve­lop­ment of its com­pe­tences-single mar­ket, in­ter­na­tio­nal trade, agri­cul­tu­ral po­li­cy to re­gio­nal po­li­cy, single cur­ren­cy, en­vi­ron­men­tal po­li­cy, jus­tice and se­cu­ri­ty co­or­di­na­tion, ).

In­vest Eu­rope in­ter­vie­wed fif­ty people in March 2014. Let us present two main trends: the scep­tics and the op­ti­mists.In any case, they ex­pect some changes.

The Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment stakes: an in­crea­sing po­wer?

The Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment vote bills with the Coun­cil of EU. The poll re­sults gave this task of the EP as the main po­wer, it is 70% of vo­ters of the In­vest Eu­rope poll.

Since the Lis­bonn Trea­ty came in­to force, the Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment will elect the Pre­sident of the Eu­ro­pean Com­mis­sion for the first time in 2014 (have a look on the can­di­dates ful­filled). Ho­we­ver, EU go­vern­ment lea­ders of the Eu­ro­pean Coun­cil will no­mi­nate a can­di­date for the post of the fu­ture Com­mis­sion pre­sident. This pre­si­den­cy is im­por­tant, it leads EU’s exe­cu­tive bo­dy which ini­tiates le­gis­la­tion and su­per­vises its im­ple­men­ta­tion. But the vote won’t be a di­rect elec­tion but in­creases the de­mo­cra­cy (con­trol of the le­gis­la­tive po­wer on the exe­cu­tive po­wer).

Among people who won’t vote to Eu­ro­pean elec­tions, the frequent rea­sons gi­ving are: the EP’s po­wer unim­por­tant, an­noyance of EU, they don’t have time or, for ex­pa­triates, it is com­pli­ca­ted.

Ex­pec­ta­tions of Eu­ro­peans about Eu­ro­pean Union fu­ture

Among In­vest(ir) (en) Eu­rope opi­nion poll ques­tion-What do you ex­pect from the Eu­ro­pean Par­lia­ment?-?- some people ans­we­red more po­wer of EP and all ins­ti­tu­tions of UE “a fe­de­ra­tion, tax har­mo­ni­za­tion and a mo­ne­ta­ry po­li­cy more ag­gres­sive, not ba­sed on price sta­bi­li­za­tion on­ly!” Among people in fa­vor of a fe­de­ra­tion even if just few mem­ber States are concer­ned, the rea­sons are ex­pres­sed in dif­ferent ways, “it is the on­ly way to give po­wer to prag­ma­tism while, in France, the po­wer be­longs to ideo­lo­gist”, or a best ef­fec­ti­ve­ness po­li­cies in fa­vor of “em­ploy­ment and tech­ni­cal ex­per­tise” and not a single mar­ket wi­thin un­fair tax and wages com­pe­ti­tion.

Some Eu­ro­peans de­plore a si­gni­fi­cant law su­per­vi­sion on su­per­fi­cial mat­ters-“the com­po­si­tion of wine, the le­vel of school­chil­dren tables, law and tax har­mo­ni­za­tion ”. They would ra­ther like that the EU fo­cuses on “im­por­tant sub­jects in the ge­ne­ral in­te­rest”. Some Eu­ro­peans de­plore the dif­fi­cul­ties to solve com­mon pro­blems and are not able to ma­nage ex­ter­nal mat­ters as an in­de­pendent force, they fo­cus on in­ter­nal pro­blems-“it is dif­fi­cult to im­ple­ment com­mon po­li­cies with 28 mem­ber States”. Some would ex­pect more free en­ter­prise.

Some re­spon­dents de­plore that Eu­ro­pean law make pro­gress for a few coun­tries but ne­ver for all Mem­ber States. They would ra­ther like a law sys­tem in fa­vor of free en­ter­prise.

Among people who won’t vote, the poll ques­tions were the rea­sons and al­so -Which new plan would change one’s mind? At the first ques­tion two main ans­wers. Ma­ny people don’t vote for any elec­tions-lo­cal, na­tio­nal or Eu­ro­pean- be­cause they are ve­ry di­sap­poin­ted with the po­li­ti­cal go­vern­ment. Spe­ci­fi­cal­ly for the Eu­ro­pean elec­tions, there is a di­sin­te­rest to Eu­ro­pean Union. At the se­cond ques­tion, some ans­we­red “more de­mo­cra­tic sys­tem”. They de­plore a sys­tem close to lob­bies and not to ci­ti­zens. Some others said “less bu­reau­cra­cy and more ope­ra­tio­nal ac­tions”. But some others ans­we­red “no­thing would change one’s mind”.

Those interviews show one’s an­noyance against pu­blic po­li­cies-nei­ther they are eu­ro­pean or na­tio­nal. They ex­pect more ef­fec­ti­ve­ness with po­si­tive eco­no­mic and so­cial re­sults and al­so free en­ter­prise.

Newspapers in French

Newspapers from France

© PressReader. All rights reserved.