The measures taken in France in 2005 for a better integration
In 2003 and 2012, disability and autism have been declared major national causes and support structures have been established. In 2005, the Government established the Departmental House of Disabled People (Maison Départementale des Personnes Handicapées, MDPH), composed by professionals (Doctors, occupational therapists, specialists in social work and school formation…), as a unique place for public service delivery, it has been setup to inform, support and counsel the handicapped person and his family. Then it developed the multidisciplinary team, a technical commission of the MDPH, composed also of professionals, is setup in order to evaluate the competencies and the needs of children, it also estimates the necessary compensation. Other structures have been established such as the commission of the rights and autonomy of the disabled people (CDAPH), formed with representatives from the General Council (Conseil Géneral), from social protection Organisms (CAF…), from students’ parents associations, from unions and representatives of disabled people and their family. The Government decided then to impose cooperation between the Department of Education and the medical and educational services because the number of disabled children increased considerably because of the extension of the disability’s criteria since 2005. Measures have been taken to facilitate the access to any place to disabled starting in 2015. Failure to comply with new standards is subject to very heavy sanctions (Closure of the structure, a 45.000 euros fine, prohibition to practice, and a 75.000 euros fine for repeated offense.