4 states leader of the European hybrid-electric vehicles market
Despite the declining of car registrations since the economic crisis of 2009, the market of hybridelectric vehicles is recently extending under the in luence of international agreements (COP21), European targets (policies of the three 20) and legal framework, national government policies also. The European Union sales of hybridelectric vehicles account for 1,9% of all new registrations in 2014 and Diesel cars for 53% according to the ICCT(international Council on Clean Transportation) report(1)of 2016.
The backward of the European Union on this market (share of hybridelectric cars was 1,4% of all new car registrations in 2014) is signi icant compared with Japan (20%), Norway (6,9%) or the United States (3%). In the Netherlands (3,7%), Sweden and France (2,3%) hybrid vehicles make up a larger share of the market than in the rest of EU member states. The in luence of the COP21 (200 cars available for the delegates to drive from Paris to the Bourget and 90 new plugin terminals) and the target to decrease the greenhouse gas, boost policies in favor of the hybridelectric market.
The loss of plugin terminals in the European single market is the main obstacle. And so a recent Council Directive about plugin standards terminals will be adopted in the EU member states for the 18 of November 2017(2).
The European governments which aim to increase hybridelectric vehicles set up tax exemptions as Norway did or national assistance as in France and in UnitedKingdom( 3).