New economy: Artificial intelligence robots as evidence of a future lost civilization
How could IA robots be the evidence of a humanity and not only useful object (in the context of probably end of Human life in 1,000 years because of the Global warming, quoting Stephen Hawkins* for this pessimistic scheme(1) but maybe also in 100 years we should start finding other planet to survive?
The last WMO (World Meteorogical Organization) report seems to focus on the pessimistic scenario of the IPCC(2) (forecast + 4,8°c 2100) and so the survey published by the Quaternary Science Reviews forecasted a potential sea-level of 3 meters in 2300 (+8°c)(3). And so it will be difficult to save more than 7 billion people on Earth because of the effects of Global warming but also the problem of resources, pollution and other potential dangers (nuclear threat according to the doomsday clock)(4).
In this context, IA robots shouldn’t be consider as useful tools only but also as evidence of human civilization.
Would it need to solve the Hard Problem of consciousness and also conscious?
How to be sure they wouldn’t take wrong decisions?
What is consciousness?
The philosophers tried to define it since the ancient period. In the XVII century, R. Descartes defined the “notion of thought in terms of reflexive consciousness or self-awareness”(5). In the XVIII and XIX century, G. W. F. Hegel defined consciousness as knowledge(6) or as a synthesis as I. Kant “Consciousness is unity being done”(6).
In the XX century, B. Russel defined the consciousness as the relationship between the object and the subject(). And J. P. Sartre said “All consciousness isn’t knowledge only” giving the example of emotional awareness(6).
I report some discussions with many different analysts about this subject.
The physicist Dr Manohar Rudolph(7) defined consciousness as conscious with knowledge and so try to solve the hard problem of consciousness by using the 4 chamber model of P. R. Sarkar which is a representation of “the physical and mental realities arise out of a process of bifurcation and reduction (developing a subjective and an objective realm)”. And so consciousness arises from a lively interaction between these states. This model is a “complex space time metric” and you find a “metabolism between different parts, which holds them together, like in an organism”. This model takes in account “external (physical activity of neuronal network) and internal (psychic, subjective character experience) phenomena into different spaces”.
The sociologist Dr Dan “is skeptical of the project of modeling Mind mathematically” because mathematical models are products of the mind” and so limited. (5) « Principes de Philosophie », 1640, quoted by « Consciousness », 14/01/2014, https://plato.stanford.edu. (6) « Conscience », Encyclopédie philosophique universelle, PUF.
(7) Doctor Hans-Joachim Rudolph, « Microvita : Exploring a New Science of Reality », Author House, Berlin, 2017.
Scientific research in neurology identifies its functioning (identification of places of reasoning, language, voluntary motor coordination, body awareness and environment, message integration, hearing center, memory and emotions)(8) and therefore the cerebral parts participating in the consciousness (identified in the parietal lobe) thanks to the scans made on people in coma and those in state of awakening. Our nerve cells (100 billion neurons per brain) communicate with each other by electrical signals via synapses (terminations).
The more frequent the nerve impulse, the more the neuron produces chemicals (neurostransmitters). The emotional brain coexists with the rational brain (prefrontal cortex) and is at the root of our thoughts, actions, desires, and motivations.
In philosophy, Enactivism is a philosophical concept of cognition focused on how living organisms and human minds interact with the environment. Maybe this theory can also explain the collective consciousness.
Would AI robots could have a consciousness?
Many people believe that consciousness is linked to the condition of living forms, and so their answer is “no, a machine, even if intelligent, won’t be able to have a consciousness”. The business man Tony told “a camera is not vision. It’s this quality of consciousness which sets the foundation of what is real –what is meaning” (because felt). “No code, no algorithm could have meaning of its artificial intellect.”
The American writer Don believes that: “where consciousness occurs spontaneously is pure fiction” because “consciousness is an aspect of LIFE”.
The Finnish manager Jukka told that « the answers will be found in humanism, not in technology ». (8) source : ICM (Institut du cerveau et de la moelle épinière)/ (Institute of Brain and Spinal Cord), France.