A time of tears and hope
30 June. Omar al-bashir launches a coup that overthrows the government of Prime Minister Sadiq al-mahdi. Bashir rules with an alliance between Islamists and securocrats.
Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden moves to Sudan after being kicked out of Saudi Arabia. He stays there until 1996.
US imposes sanctions on Sudan for its role in human rights abuses and support of terrorism.
Sudan begins exporting oil to global markets from the Heglig field with an initial cargo of 600,000 barrels.
War in Darfur begins. It kills hundreds of thousands of people and displaces more than two million. The governmentaligned Janjaweed militias committed mass atrocities.
The United Nations (UN) authorises 26,000 peacekeepers through the UN-AU Mission in Darfur.
The International Criminal Court issues an arrest warrant for Bashir on charges of Darfur crimes against humanity and war crimes.
The ICC delivers a new arrest warrant for Bashir on charges of genocide in Darfur.
South Sudan gains independence from Sudan in January, taking with it vast oil reserves. The Sudanese government fails to implement the economic reforms needed to cope with the loss of revenue.
Washington lifts some of its sanctions on the Khartoum regime.
In December, protests sparked in Atbara about the skyrocketing price of bread spread to major cities including Port Sudan and Khartoum.
11 April: Bashir ousted in a military coup after months of protests about price rises. In 2018, inflation had hit 63.3%, making many staples unaffordable for Sudan’s poorest.