THE "RUDOLF GIFFINGER"RANKINGS
There are numerous systems in place to rank the most advanced Smart Cities, although none of the rankings are truly "official" due to a lack of standards. Scientists from Vienna Technical University (Austria) have nonetheless attempted to put together a scoring system, working in conjunction with the University of Ljubljana (Slovenia) and Delft Technical University (Netherlands). Named "Rudolf Giffinger" (after the project leader), the rankings are based on six criteria:
1. Smart governance: transparent governance that involves local citizens in decision-making, public and social services.
2. Smart economy: flexible labour market fostering an innovative spirit and the ability to transform. 3. Smart mobility: availability of ICT infrastructures, access to safe and ecological transport systems.
4. Smart environment: sustainable resource management, environmental protection.
5. Smart people: people who demonstrate flexibility and creativity promoting an affinity to life-long learning, cosmopolitanism, open-mindedness and involvement in public life.
6. Smart living: health conditions, housing, cultural facilities, education, social cohesion.