What are the U.S. midterm elections?
The U.S. midterms are the elections that take place every four years in November, in the middle of a president’s term in office.
During these elections, American citizens elect all the members of the House of Representatives (435 seats). They also elect members of the Senate in 33 or 34 states, which means that roughly a third of the seats in the Senate are up for grabs. Voters also elect their governors in 36 states. In many states, voters are also being asked to elect members of their state legislatures, as well as other officers like state and county judges.
These elections are often regarded as a referendum on the sitting president because what is at stake is control of the second arm of government, the “legislature”, that is both houses of the U.S. Congress.