The city is founded by French explorer Antoine de LamotheCadillac. The London Treaty is signed. It gives the city to the Americans. A fire burns to ashes most of the city’s buildings. Father Gabriel Richard writes the Latin maxim Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus («We hope for better things; it will arise from the ashes.»), which becomes the city’s official motto. Henry Ford creates the Ford Motor Company. Berry Gordy Jr founds The Motown, the famous record company dedicated to soul music. The 12th Street Riot, one of the bloodiest riots that took place in the United States, kills 43 people and injures 342 others. Coleman Young, Detroit’s first Black mayor, is elected. The city files for bankruptcy. It is the largest American city to have done so. The city’s plan for adjustment of its debts is approved. Detroit officially exits bankruptcy. treaty traité / fire incendie / to burn to ashes ici, réduire en cendres/à néant / to arise, arose, arisen provenir, émaner, naître / motto devise / record company maison de disques / to be dedicated to être dédié/consacré à / riot soulèvement populaire, émeute / to take, took, taken place avoir lieu, survenir / to injure blesser / mayor maire / to file for bankruptcy déposer le bilan / so ici, cela / debt dette(s).