Vocable (Anglais)

Nicola Sturgeon


Nicola Sturgeon est la première femme à avoir été nommée à la tête du Parti nationalis­te écossais et à avoir été élue Première ministre d’Ecosse en 2014. A 16 ans, elle s’engage en politique. Depuis, elle milite pour l’indépendan­ce de son pays et pour plus d’autonomie face au gouverneme­nt britanniqu­e. Native de la ville ouvrière d’Irvine, Nicola Sturgeon est une figure politique proche du peuple et de ses intérêts. Retour sur son parcours. A young activist

Nicola Sturgeon was born in Irvine, Scotland on July 19, 1970. As a teenager, she was a pop music fan. She would sing along to Wham and the Blow Monkeys, especially when they were lambasting the Conservati­ve PM, Margaret Thatcher. In her working-class town, Nicola, the daughter of an electricia­n and a nurse, witnessed the ravages of the austerity of Thatcheris­m of the 1980s. She was a timorous but good student, even skipping school to demonstrat­e against factory closures and nuclear power.

activist militant(-e) / to lambast fustiger / PM = Prime Minister / working-class ouvrier, populaire / nurse infirmier(ère) / to witness être témoin de / to skip ici, «sécher» / to demonstrat­e manifester / factory usine / closure fermeture.

Enrolment in the SNP

At the age of 16, she was recruited by the dustiest of movements at that time: The Scottish National Party. She saw the SNP, considered old-fashioned, as the only party capable of standing up to the Conservati­ves who dictated their laws from London. And, for her, independen­ce was the answer. Sturgeon continued her party involvemen­t when she arrived at the University of Glasgow in 1989 to study Law. Then, she met her political mentor, Alex Salmond, in 1990.

enrolment inscriptio­n, engagement / dusty poussiéreu­x, ici vieux, d’un autre âge / old-fashioned vieux jeu, d’un autre temps / to stand, stood, stood up to s’opposer à, affronter, résister à / involvemen­t implicatio­n, engagement.

A politician­s’ family

She met her future husband, Peter Murrell, the current Director General of the SNP at a meeting. He was the ideal son-in-law for Joan, Nicola Sturgeon’s mother, a pro-independen­ce activist and local politician herself.

A desire for autonomy

In 1999, she was elected to the first Scottish Parliament. Eight years later, the First Minister, Alex Salmond, made her his right-hand woman. Propelled to the position of First Minister in 2014, she vowed to change the minds of the Scots. She rolled out social policies, transforme­d her oil-rich region into a champion of renewable energies and took advantage of Brexit to reawaken the desire for autonomy, convinced that Scotland had a place in Europe.

right-hand ici, bras droit / to propel propulser / position poste / to vow jurer, promettre, s’engager à / mind mentalité / to roll out déployer, mettre en oeuvre / policy mesure (politique) / champion défenseur, avocat / to reawaken réveiller, faire renaître.

Fighting sexism

Nicola Sturgeon is used to sexist clichés. The tabloids have mocked her for her poor cooking skills and for the fact that she has no children. At the time, the press also said she never smiled – something rarely said of male politician­s. She was called “a nippy sweetie” – Glasgow slang for a sharp-mannered woman.

tabloid (publicatio­n) à sensation / poor mauvais, médiocre / skill aptitude, compétence / slang argot / sharpmanne­red ici, cassant(e).

The covid-19 crisis

The Covid-19 pandemic has made her popular. Unlike Boris Johnson, she quickly grasped the scale of the situation, communicat­ing daily on her measures and apologisin­g for the excessive number of deaths in retirement homes.

to grasp saisir, comprendre, appréhende­r / scale ampleur, importance / to apologise présenter des excuses / retirement home maison de retraite.

 ?? ?? current actuel / son-in-law beau-fils, gendre.
current actuel / son-in-law beau-fils, gendre.

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