Vocable (Anglais)

Oh Canada !

- (Istock)

Le Canada est un vaste pays, une terre d’immigratio­n à l’histoire culturelle riche et complexe. Système politique, hymne national, emblème, cuisine ...Découvrez les spécificit­és de cette nation unique en son genre.


Canada is a federal state made up of 10 provinces and 3 territorie­s. It is the world’s 2nd largest country (9.98 million km2) after Russia. There are 6 different time zones in Canada.

Canada has the longest coastline (6000km) in the world. There are 37 national parks and 10 national park reserves that protect approximat­ely 336,343 km2 of Canada’s land. These wild places range from mountains and plains, to boreal forests, tundra, lakes, glaciers and much more. Capital: Ottawa

Population: 38 million (2021) with immigrants making up 21.9% of the total population.

Canada has one of the highest immigratio­n rates in the World. Annually, the country becomes home to around a tenth of the world’s resettled refugees.

Between 1990 and 2008, the population of Canada grew by over 5,000,000. to be made up of être constitué/composé de / time zone fuseau horaire / coastline côte, littoral / land terre / wild sauvage, naturel / to range from... to aller de... à / plain plaine / tundra toundra / to make, made, made up représente­r / rate ici, taux, pourcentag­e / to be home to abriter, accueillir / to resettle se réinstalle­r / to grow, grew, grown augmenter / over ici, de plus de.

Political system

Canada is a constituti­onal monarchy, which means that the country recognizes the Queen or King as the Head of State, while the Prime Minister is the Head of Government. Canada’s Parliament is composed of the King of Canada, the Senate and the House of Commons. Canada’s electoral system is referred to as a ‘single-member plurality’ or ‘first-past-thepost’ system. head of state chef d’État / House of Commons Chambre des communes (chambre basse du Parlement) / first-pastthe-post = single-member plurality scrutin uninominal majoritair­e à un tour.

Justin Trudeau (born December 25, 1971) is Canada’s 23rd Prime Minister.

On October 19, 2015, he led the liberal party to victory, winning a majority in government. On October 21, 2019, he was elected for a second mandate. to lead, led, led mener, conduire.

Beaver The Beaver became Canada’s national animal in 1975. It also appears on the Canadian Nickel. The fur trade was a vast commercial enterprise from the early 17th to the mid-19th century in Canada. It was sustained primarily by the trapping of beavers to satisfy the European demand for felt hats. beaver castor / nickel pièce de cinq cents / fur fourrure / trade commerce / to sustain maintenir, entretenir / primarily principale­ment, essentiell­ement / to trap piéger / felt feutre.


English and French are the two official languages of

Canada. But there are also 11 different indigenous language groups, which can break down further into 65 actual languages.

to break, broke, broken down ici, subdiviser / further davantage / actual vrai, véritable.

Canada is a member of the British Commonweal­th, having formerly been a colony of the British Empire. Though it became self-governing in 1867, it was not until 1982 that Canada was fully independen­t. Commonweal­th organisati­on composée de 53 États qui, pour la plupart, sont d’anciens territoire­s de l’Empire britanniqu­e / formerly ancienneme­nt, autrefois / self-governing autonome.

Did you know ? The word Canada is derived from the indigenous word ‘kanata’, which means ‘settlement’ or ‘village’ in the language of the St. Lawrence Iroquoians. settlement campement, village, colonie.

Canadian food Kraft Dinner (KD) Maple Syrup Lobster Poutine Bannock

Kraft Dinner mélange de pâtes (habituelle­ment macaroni) et de poudre au fromage / lobster homard /

poutine mets d’origine québécoise constitué de frites et de fromage en grains (cheddar frais) que l’on recouvre généraleme­nt d’une sauce brune / bannock pain traditionn­el amérindien amené d’Amérique par les écossais. Maple Leaf

The use of the maple leaf as a symbol of Canada dates back to the 18th century. The first mayor of Montreal referred to the maple leaf in 1834 as, “the king of our forests, the symbol of the Canadian people.” At that time, different colored leaves represente­d different parts of Canada. It also used to appear on coins. Now it’s on the Canadian flag. maple leaf feuille d’érable / to date back to remonter à / mayor maire / coin pièce (de monnaie) / flag drapeau.

“Indigenous peoples” is a collective name for the original people of North America and their descendant­s. Sometimes, “Aboriginal peoples” is also used. The Canadian Constituti­on recognizes 3 groups of Aboriginal peoples: Indians (more commonly referred to as First Nations), Inuit and Métis. indigenous indigène, autochtone / people peuple / commonly communémen­t, généraleme­nt / to refer to as appeler, désigner / First Nations (Can) Premières Nations (peuples autochtone­s à l’exception des Métis et Inuits).


Lacrosse was named Canada’s national sport in 1859.

lacrosse jeu d’origine indienne qui se joue entre 2 équipes de 12 joueurs munis de raquettes à longs manches dont l’objet est de faire rentrer une balle dans le but adverse / to name ici, élire.

A land of superstars

Many celebritie­s that became famous in the United States actually originated from different parts of Canada: Avril Lavigne, Justin Bieber, Drake, Ryan Gosling, Jim Carrey, Sandra Oh… and the list goes on! to go, went, gone on continuer.

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 ?? (Istock) ?? The present population of elk in Canada is about 72 000.
(Istock) The present population of elk in Canada is about 72 000.
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 ?? (Heywood Yu/The Canadian Press via AP) ?? Dancers perform after a Truth and Reconcilia­tion walk in Saskatoon, on Sept. 30, 2022.
(Heywood Yu/The Canadian Press via AP) Dancers perform after a Truth and Reconcilia­tion walk in Saskatoon, on Sept. 30, 2022.
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