How the PPP transformed the lives of people
following is a section of the PPP Central Committee Report at the PPP’s 31st Congress dealing with the PPP government’s achievements in the social sector:
During its tenure, the PPP/C administration implemented a wave of modern policy initiatives that created a sustainable housing market and provided affordable shelter to low and moderate income families. These policies were complemented with substantial public investments in the sector. In the last decade of its term (20042014) the PPP/C administration allocated more than $30 billion for capital works to develop new settlement schemes and rehabilitate the physical infrastructure in existing schemes. It also utilized these funds to regularize numerous squatter’s settlement.
The various policy initiatives by the administration yielded the following benefits:
● The distribution of over 50,000 residential house lots across Guyana between 2004 and 2014; bringing the total number of house lots distributed up to 112,761 since the Government initiated it housing programme in 1993. Approximately 80 percent of the house lots distributed benefitted low income families. 3.1 The transfer of wealth to low income families in the form of land and infrastructure subsidy. The lower-income households were the most significant beneficiaries of this subsidy. The infrastructure subsidy to low income earners approximated to $17.6 billion; almost six times and seventeen times the subsidy provided to moderate and middle-income groups respectively. The Ministry of Housing successfully advocated the first mortgage tax credit.
Improving Access to water The PPP/C administration also focused significant attention to improving sanitation infrastructure and access to safe water. The investment covered both Coastal and Hinterland regions. In the Coastal regions, several new water treatment plants and wells commissioned. Some of our notable investments by region include:
Region 2 – in excess of $ 1.2 billion for the:
● Construction of a new water treatment plant at Lima. ● Upgrade of transmis- sion/ distribution systems at Queenstown to Walton Hall, Queenstown to Aurora, Wakenaam, Cullen to ZorgenVlygt, Onderneemning ● Drilling of new wells at Somerset, Onderneeming, Good Hope, Little Red Village (Onderneeming), Siriki.
Region 3 - in excess of $2.3 billion to:
● Construct of a new water treatment plant at Vergenoegen
● Upgrade of Water treatment plant systems at Poulderoyen and Fellowship. ● Upgrade of distribution/ transmission systems at Patentia, Stanleytown, Canal # 2, Plantain Walk, Meten Meer Zorg to De Willem, Fellowship to VreedEn Hoop, Pouderoyen, De Kenderen to St. Lawrence
● Drilling of new wells at Tuschen, Cornelia Ida, Parfaite Harmonie, Belle Vue, Vergenoegen
Region 4 - in excess of $5.5 B has been invested of which more than $3 B was directed at Georgetown and the remaining $2.5 B invested on the East Coast and East Bank to:
● construct the Central Ruimveldt WTP
● Rehabilitate the Sewer System in Georgetown ● Rehabilitate the Sewer Receiving facility In Tucville ● Rehabilitate the Transmission and Distribution Systems in Zones W1 ( Festival City, South Ruimveldt Park, Guyhoc Gardens, Guyhoc Park, North Ruimveldt), W2 (South Ruimveldt Gardens, Tucville, East La Penetence, North East La Penetence, La Penetence, East Ruimveldt), W4 ( part of East Ruimveldt, Roxanne Burnham Gardens, West Ruimveldt, Liang Avenue) and W 14 (Campbellville, Prashad Nagar, Lamaha Gardens)
● Drill wells at Cumming’s Lodge, Lusignan
Region 5 - contributed nearly $1B in capital investments for the:
● Construction of a new state of the art Water Treatment Plants in Cotton Tree Village ● Drilling of a new well in De Hoop
Region 6 in excess of $6B invested for the: ● Construction of two new state of the art Water Treatment Plants in No 56 Village and Queenstown
● Rose Hall Water Improvement Project ● Upgrade of distribution systems in No 51 to No 73 village, No 1 Road to Whim, Whim to Bush Lot, Good Banana Land, No 1 to No 50 Villages, No 74 village to Crabwood Creek, Glasgow to Edinburg
● Drilling of a new well at Canefield
● Drilling of a new well at Rose Hall, Manchester and No 47 Village.
Region 10: in excess $700 for the:
● Construction of 2 new state of the art treatment plants which are presently being undertaken and are scheduled for construction in the first half of 2015.
● Installation of transmission and distribution mains and upgrade of service connections
Hinterland: more than $G 1 billion invested for:
●The installation of 45 Photo voltaic pumping systems have been installed with new trestles
● the construction of more than 50 potable ● construction of two new wells
The investments in the water sector saw:
● The percentage of the population with access to treated water increasing from 26% to 50%;
● Increased coverage in Hinterland from 25% to 84%, and it is targeted to achieve 90% by 2016;
● Increased coverage on the Coast from less than 70% to in excess of 95%;
● Increase in the number of pensioners being subsidized from 19,000 in 2010 to 24,000 presently.
Investment in Health for Sustainable Development
In recognition of the im- portance of a healthy population for achieving sustainable development, the PPP/C administration has made tremendous investments in the health sector. During 2014, the total budgetary allocation to the health sector was $21 billion, more than 4 times the allocation of $4.6 billion in 2001. The average allocation to the health sector was maintained above 8 percent of the national budget while spending in the sector consistently represented more than 4 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product ( GDP) during the period 2001-2013.
Investment in the sector was aimed at increasing access to health services through the expansion and upgrade of the health infrastructure. Since assuming office, the PPP/C administration constructed more than 90 new health facilities. . were modernized.
The PPP/C administration also focused on improving the quality of health care through the provision of essential drugs and enhancement of the sector’s workforce.. The PPP/ C has also provided many young Guyanese with the opportunity to become medical practitioners in general as well as specialized areas such as surgery, emergency medicine, and trauma. Between 2009 and 2014, more than 2,000 nurses were graduated from the nursing school and 500 Guyanese Doctors from the University of Guyana, China, Cuba and other countries joined the health sector.
The massive investment in the sector witnessed improvements in all the key indicators of an effective health system. Today we have more beds, doctors and nurses per individual than any other period in our post colonial history. The number of doctors and nurses per 10,000 population increased from 1.6 during and 14.3 in 1980 to reach 9.5 and 15.3 respectively by 2013. The number of beds per 10,000 population also grew dramatically from 3 during 1980 to 25.4 by 2013.
The infant mortality rate was lowered from 41 per 1,000 live births in 1980 to 13.8 per live births by 2012; thereby allowing Guyana to achieve Goal 4 of the MDG. Maternal mortality rate also declined continuously from 140 per 100,000 live births in 1991 to 116 per 100,000 live births by 2012; placing Meanwhile the prevalence of undernourishment was reduced from 21 percent in 1992 to reach 2.2 percent by
2012. Further, the life expectancy at birth also improved by 4 years; from 62 years in 1991 to 66 by 2013.
Empowering our people with ‘life skills’ to cope with new global challenges
The PPP/C has radically transformed the country’s education system through the implementation of world class policies and expansion of the education infrastructure and workforce. The PPP/C administration has consistently increased its allocation to the sector from $1 billion in 1991 to $23.6 billion by 2013. During the period 2001-2013, investment in the sector accounted for more than 15 percent of the national budget, compared with 6.5 percent in 1991. Additionally, the education budget accounted for more than 4.6 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) since 2009; underscoring the importance the PPP/ C administration attaches to empowering its people through education.
Spending in the sector targeted the three important pillars of an effective education system, namely, access, quality and delivery of education. In excess of 20 percent of the total allocation went towards expanding and maintaining the schools infrastructure so as to ensure equitable access to education by all Guyanese. A new university campus was established in Berbice in 2000 and two (2) new Technical and Vocational Institutes (TIs) were built in Leonora and Mahaicony. During the period 2007-2014, more than 30 schools were also constructed or re-constructed.
The largest portion of the sector’s budget was directed at improving the quality and the delivery of education. Over 60 percent of the education budget was allocated for improving the quality and delivery of this important social service. To encourage greater attendance and participation, the PPP/C admin- istration also applied targeted interventions, such as, the school feeding programme, national school uniform programme, and the provision of transportation to students in hinterland communities.
The additional schooling capacity created by higher spending in the sector witnessed overall improvement in the education sector. Available statistics suggests that the country has achieved Universal Primary Education (Goal 2 of MDG). Equally remarkable, is the improvement recorded in the ranking of Guyana’s education system. Based on the Global Competitiveness Report 2014-15, the quality of Guyana edu- cation system is ranked 54th in the world and 4th in Latin America and the Caribbean. The quality of the primary education system is ranked even higher at 37thin the world and second only to Barbados in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).
The investment in the sector also witnessed the continuous increase in secondary enrollment rate placing Guyana on course of achieving universal secondary education. Based on the Global Competitiveness Report 2014-15, the enrollment in the secondary system is currently 101 percent; the third highest in Latin America and the Caribbean.
The average attendance rates at the primary and secondary levels were above 70 percent during 2013. Meanwhile the drop-out rates at these levels have also trended downwards over the years. Indeed, the drop-out rates for Guyana are below the levels recorded in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Improvement in the quality of education is also reflected by the number of trained teachers in the school system. The number of trained teachers at the primary level was 2,637 in 2011, compared with 1,875 in 1994. Consequently, the percentage of trained teachers at the primary level improved from 55.3 percent in 1994 to 77 percent by 2011.