A pre-his­pa­nic past trans­for­med into a won­der of the mo­dern world

Honduras Tips - - ARCHAEOLOGY -

When the Spa­niards, at the be­gin­ning of the six­teenth cen­tury, arri­ved in what we know to­day as Hon­du­ras, a lar­ge num­ber of in­di­ge­nous peo­ple al­ready in­ha­bi­ted this te­rri­tory, from the is­lands and low­lands of both coasts to the high moun­tains of the interior.

Len­cas, To­lu­pa­nes, Mis­qui­tos and Chor­tís we­re vi­sibly de­fi­ned po­pu­la­tion that had de­li­mi­ted their own te­rri­to­ries. The­re we­re ot­her groups, still with unk­nown na­mes, that li­ved in the jun­gles of Olan­cho and Mos­qui­tia. The Ca­ve of the Giant lo­ca­ted very clo­se to the city of Mar­ca­la in the cen­ter-west of the country pos­se the first re­cords of hu­man pre­sen­ce in Hon­du­ras. Its pre­su­med that drif­ting hun­ters and gat­he­rers used this im­men­se rocky spa­ce to rest and cook their food from du­ring the Ar­chaic Pe­riod (10,000-4,000 BC) th­rough the For­ma­ti­ve Pe­riod (1760220 AC). Los Na­ran­jos was known as anot­her pre-co­lum­bian in­di­ge­nous settle­ment of great im­por­tan­ce, in fact it was one of the lar­gest pro­to­len­ca settle­ments in sout­hern Me­soa­me­ri­ca. At the pre­sent it has been con­ver­ted into an eco­ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal park . A city built many years be­fo­re most of the great buil­dings of Co­pan we­re built. Co­pan Rui­nas is now the most im­por­tant ar­chaeo­lo­gi­cal des­ti­na­tion in the country. The fa­med Ma­yan city long las­ted thanks to a long dy­nasty of 16 lea­ders du­ring the Clas­sic Pe­riod, bet­ween 250 and 900 AC. The­se lea­ders built what was the most ar­tis­tic and po­wer­ful Ma­yan city in the south. Un­ques­tio­nably a World gem.

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