Xi: Out­break’s lessons must be learned

Dis­ease preven­tion, de­tec­tion, con­trol sys­tems need to be strength­ened

China Daily - - FRONT PAGE - By XU WEI [email protected]­nadaily.com.cn

Xi Jin­ping, gen­eral sec­re­tary of the Com­mu­nist Party of China Cen­tral Com­mit­tee, on Fri­day stressed the im­por­tance of draw­ing on lessons from the novel coro­n­avirus pneu­mo­nia out­break and im­prov­ing the coun­try’s sys­tems for ma­jor epi­demic con­trol, preven­tion and pub­lic health emergency man­age­ment.

Xi, also China’s pres­i­dent and chair­man of the Cen­tral Mil­i­tary Com­mis­sion, urged ef­forts to in­clude bi­o­log­i­cal safety in the na­tional se­cu­rity sys­tem, sys­tem­at­i­cally plan con­trol and preven­tion mea­sures for biosafety risks and im­prove gov­er­nance ca­pac­i­ties in this re­gard.

A law on bi­o­log­i­cal safety must be cre­ated as soon as pos­si­ble, he said while pre­sid­ing over the 12th meet­ing of the Cen­tral Com­mit­tee for Deep­en­ing Over­all Re­form, held in Bei­jing.

The fight against the con­ta­gion pre­sented a ma­jor test of the coun­try’s gov­er­nance sys­tem and ca­pac­i­ties, and it is important to in­no­vate and im­prove the con­trol and preven­tion mea­sures for ma­jor out­breaks at the in­sti­tu­tional level and bol­ster the coun­try’s level and ca­pac­i­ties in cop­ing with ma­jor pub­lic health in­ci­dents, he said.

Novel coro­n­avirus pneu­mo­nia, also called COVID-19, had killed 1,380 people in the Chi­nese main­land as of Thurs­day, with a to­tal of 63,851 people in­fected and 10,204 people re­main­ing in crit­i­cal con­di­tion, ac­cord­ing to the Na­tional Health Com­mis­sion.

He urged stronger le­gal sup­port in pub­lic health and scal­ing up law­mak­ing in the area across the board, say­ing that the coun­try must care­fully as­sess re­vi­sions to laws on the preven­tion and con­trol of con­ta­gious dis­eases and the pro­tec­tion of wildlife.

Xi called for re­forms to the dis­ease con­trol and preven­tion sys­tem so that a pub­lic health policy that pri­or­i­tizes preven­tion can be thor­oughly im­ple­mented and small dis­ease in­ci­dents be­com­ing an epi­demic can be avoided.

The ca­pac­ity for dis­ease con­trol and preven­tion at the pri­mary level must be stepped up, and the ranks of pub­lic health work­ers must be strength­ened, with mea­sures to re­fine the mech­a­nisms for the training of work­ers, ac­cess re­stric­tions, staff treatment, eval­u­a­tion and in­cen­tives, Xi said.

He high­lighted the need for greater aware­ness of risk preven­tion, say­ing that the co­or­di­nated mech­a­nism for judg­ing, eval­u­at­ing, de­ci­sion-mak­ing and con­trol and preven­tion for ma­jor risks in pub­lic health must be re­fined.

The coun­try must re­form its con­trol, preven­tion and dis­ease treatment mech­a­nism for ma­jor con­ta­gions, im­prove its emergency re­sponse mech­a­nism and es­tab­lish a cen­tral­ized and ef­fi­cient com­mand sys­tem, he said. He added that the sys­tem must en­sure that in­struc­tions are is­sued clearly, sys­tem­at­i­cally and can be fully en­forced to solve prob­lems on the front line.

Xi called for im­prov­ing the co­or­di­nated sys­tem for sci­en­tific re­search, dis­ease con­trol and clin­i­cal treatment and the stan­dard prac­tice for the con­trol and preven­tion of ma­jor epi­demic out­breaks and med­i­cal treatment ap­proaches.

The med­i­cal treatment sys­tem for ma­jor out­breaks must be op­ti­mized, and a tiered treatment mech­a­nism for ma­jor con­ta­gions should be es­tab­lished, he said.

The use of dig­i­tal tech­nolo­gies such as big data, ar­ti­fi­cial in­tel­li­gence and cloud com­put­ing must be en­cour­aged so that they can serve as a pil­lar in the mon­i­tor­ing and an­a­lyz­ing of out­breaks, trac­ing viruses, epi­demic con­trol and preven­tion, med­i­cal treatment and dis­tri­bu­tion of re­sources, he said.

Xi stressed that the med­i­cal in­surance and as­sis­tance sys­tem for ma­jor dis­eases should be bol­stered so that med­i­cal in­sti­tu­tions can offer treat­ments be­fore charg­ing pa­tients as they face a sud­den out­break.

He un­der­lined the im­por­tance of es­tab­lish­ing a uni­fied se­cu­rity sys­tem for emergency re­sponse ma­te­ri­als with height­ened mea­sures in en­sur­ing pro­duc­tion ca­pac­ity and bal­anc­ing its regional dis­tri­bu­tion to en­sure the sup­ply of key ma­te­ri­als in cru­cial pe­ri­ods.

He also urged im­prove­ments to the na­tional re­serve sys­tem with ef­forts to ad­just its cat­e­gories, scales and struc­tures, adding that a na­tional uni­fied pur­chas­ing and sup­ply sys­tem for emergency man­age­ment ma­te­ri­als must also be es­tab­lished.

The meet­ing re­viewed and ap­proved seven doc­u­ments on fur­ther­ing re­form in dif­fer­ent ar­eas as well as the com­mit­tee’s work report in 2019 and its key points for work this year.

Among the doc­u­ments were a guide­line on re­fin­ing the so­cial­ist mar­ket econ­omy sys­tem for the new era and an­other guide­line on pro­mot­ing the re­form and open­ing up of the ser­vice sec­tor.

The coun­try will scrap ac­cess re­stric­tions for the ser­vice sec­tor on a by-cat­e­gory ba­sis, es­tab­lish an over­sight sys­tem and deepen the re­form of key ar­eas, said a state­ment re­leased af­ter the meet­ing.

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