Illegal Lifts in Building
LIFTS INSTALLATIONS IN SOCIETIES:
01. Self-Sensitising, towards requirement of Lift-Elevator.
a) Till about 20 years ago, most residential buildings in Mumbai, were upto Ground plus 3 or 4 storied buildings, wherein LIFT (Elevator) was not installed, since at that time it was not considered necessary and people preferred to climb stairs, irrespective of all odds. Consequent to the Life-Style changes, including physical and mental apathy, currently the Four storey building residents have started to feel the need for having a LiftElevator in their buildings.
b) Now with the advent of newer building technologies, High-Rise buildings are constructed, which, presently, go even beyond 50 storey's (Floors), which in turn made it, an lawfully essential requirement (service), to have an Lift-Elevator in such High-Rise buildings. This in turn, obviously also meant higher maintenance costs for the Lifts (AMC & Spares), besides being liable for the consistently increasing Electricity charges and additionally also for the present Service Tax @ 12.36%, on such Lift Maintenance Costs & Society Service Charges.
c) Several Lift Accidents /Incidents, involving casualty to human life, has already been recorded by the News Papers, more specifically in Mumbai and Pune. Ignorant and Innocent Flat-Owners, read such published news, and impulsively forget to cross-check their own buildings Lift, apathically forgetting that their families stay in such buildings and are using the ill-maintained and risky Lifts.
d) IF the Lift-Elevator is maintained properly with periodic replacement of spares and accessories, . AND. IF the Lift is used in a sensible manner, THEN the cost of maintaining the Lift is not exorbitant, ALSO more so when compared to the invaluable single life, that we and our families have, . AND. further more so, when compared to the broken bones and invalid lives we shall be forced to live, due to the falling Lifts.
INSTALLING NEW LIFT IN NON-LIFT BUILDINGS:
02. Non-Lift buildings, can install Lift- Elevator, in their buildings, subject to compliance of various legal parameters. FEW basic requirements are as follows:
a) New Lifts are allowed to be installed ONLY on those legal-buildings, which have duly approved and sanctioned plans.
b) New Lift installation permissions are granted ONLY to those legal-buildings, who have duly been granted "Occupancy Certificate" (means "OC").
c) Due Prior NOC is required from the Fire Dept.
d) Buildings Structural Stability Report, by a duly registered Structural Engineer.
e) Latest Drawings, from an registered Architect, proposing Lift-Installation location, in conjuction with the sanctioned buildings plans.
f) Prior permission to erect new Lift and consequent Lift License is to be obtained from the "Inspector of Lifts"
PRIVATE PURPOSE LIFT-ELEVATOR:
03. It is perfectly legal to have a separate "Private Lift-Elevator", installed for specific Private usage (including residential), subject to compliance of various legal parameters.
a) The law provides for installation of Private Lifts, for Hospitals, Clinics, Commercial Offices, that may be lawfully operating from a Residential Building. Private Lift, also can be installed, for specific floors and/or specific residences, subject to the sanctioned building plans.
b) The Society and its members, would have no legal-say, to refuse or object, to such installations of separate "Private Lift-Elevator". However all necessary compliances under the Development Control Rules, Lift Act, MMC Act and the MRTP Act, would have to be complied.
BASIC LEGAL SAFETY CRITERIA FOR LIFT-ELEVATOR:
04. The Lift-Owner (Society) should ensure the following:
a) Lift Maintenance (AMC) vendors, should be mandatorily licensed and appropriately experienced.
b) Lift should be fitted with an “Over-Load device”, which should mandatorily function when more weight (passengers) are inside the lift. This means that the Lift should not start, “TILL” the Lift load is within the weight-bearing capacity. The mandatory and specificatory requirements of the "Lift Load", should be printed / engraved on a metal plate, and permanently rivetted (affixed) inside the Lift-Cabin Walls.
c) Fire Extinguisher, inside the Lift is mandatory.