Wa­ter is life

Accommodation Times - - Editorial - Mu­rari Chaturvedi mu­[email protected]­com­mo­da­tion­times.com

The world au­thor­i­ties on wa­ter have rightly pre­dicted that there will be se­vere scarcity of wa­ter in the world in near fu­ture. Due to grow­ing pop­u­la­tion and rapid growth of ur­ban cen­ters, palat­able wa­ter sup­ply is be­com­ing less and less with each pass­ing day. The main source of wa­ter in our coun­try re­mains ground wa­ter. Presently about 50 per cent of our ir­ri­ga­tional, 85 per cent of ru­ral and 50 per cent of ur­ban wa­ter re­quire­ments are met with ground wa­ter. Ac­cord­ing to the Cen­tral Ground Wa­ter Board (CGWB) The drink­ing wa­ter re­quire­ment for ru­ral and ur­ban ar­eas by 2025 AD will be 33 cu­bic kilo­me­ter and 52 cu­bic kilo­me­ter re­spec­tively. In the present sit­u­a­tion, when the ground wa­ter re­mains the main source, it must be pre­served and pro­tected from the pol­lu­tion. Stud­ies car­ried out in the coun­try by health au­thor­i­ties show that 6-10 per cent of all ur­ban wa­ter sources are con­tam­i­nated. The fig­ures are still higher in ru­ral ar­eas. The un­safe ef­flu­ent dis­charge of toxic waste by sev­eral in­dus­tries, is the main cause of ground wa­ter con­tam­i­na­tion. The age old sewage sys­tems in ur­ban cen­ters are adding to this, with the re­sult the qual­ity of ground wa­ter be­com­ing unfit for con­sump­tion. Due to over ex­ploita­tion of ground wa­ter, as per CGWB data, in states like Pun­jab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Mad­hya Pradesh, Kar­nataka, Gu­jarat, Ra­jasthan and Delhi, ground wa­ter lev­els have de­clined by more than 4-5 me­ters. The cen­tral Ground Wa­ter Au­thor­ity has been en­trusted to pre­pare a model draft for con­trol­ling qual­ity, degra­da­tion, ju­di­cious ground wa­ter plan­ning, de­vel­op­ment and man­age­ment of ground wa­ter re­sources. The sit­u­a­tion is get­ting worst and there­fore it is the time to un­der­stand the im­por­tance of wa­ter sup­ply. Our in­dus­tries must adopt wa­ter re­cy­cling tech­nolo­gies, which for­tu­nately are cost ef­fec­tive. In­dus­trial coun­tries re­cy­cle 80 per cent of the wa­ter they use. By us­ing re­cy­cled wa­ter for toi­lets flush­ing and gar­den­ing in res­i­den­tial colonies and ho­tels, we can save upto 60 per cent of wa­ter con­sump­tion. The pond cul­ture in vil­lages of heavy rain ar­eas must be re­ceived. It will not only raise the level of ground wa­ter, but will aug­ment the avail­able re­sources. The se­ri­ous­ness of the sit­u­a­tion must be re­al­ized by the con­cerned au­thor­i­ties so that se­ri­ous ef­forts on the con­tin­u­ous ba­sis be made to make wa­ter avail­able on the years to come. We must re­mem­ber that the wa­ter is life and so it must be pre­served by all means.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.