Water is life
The world authorities on water have rightly predicted that there will be severe scarcity of water in the world in near future. Due to growing population and rapid growth of urban centers, palatable water supply is becoming less and less with each passing day. The main source of water in our country remains ground water. Presently about 50 per cent of our irrigational, 85 per cent of rural and 50 per cent of urban water requirements are met with ground water. According to the Central Ground Water Board (CGWB) The drinking water requirement for rural and urban areas by 2025 AD will be 33 cubic kilometer and 52 cubic kilometer respectively. In the present situation, when the ground water remains the main source, it must be preserved and protected from the pollution. Studies carried out in the country by health authorities show that 6-10 per cent of all urban water sources are contaminated. The figures are still higher in rural areas. The unsafe effluent discharge of toxic waste by several industries, is the main cause of ground water contamination. The age old sewage systems in urban centers are adding to this, with the result the quality of ground water becoming unfit for consumption. Due to over exploitation of ground water, as per CGWB data, in states like Punjab, Haryana, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Gujarat, Rajasthan and Delhi, ground water levels have declined by more than 4-5 meters. The central Ground Water Authority has been entrusted to prepare a model draft for controlling quality, degradation, judicious ground water planning, development and management of ground water resources. The situation is getting worst and therefore it is the time to understand the importance of water supply. Our industries must adopt water recycling technologies, which fortunately are cost effective. Industrial countries recycle 80 per cent of the water they use. By using recycled water for toilets flushing and gardening in residential colonies and hotels, we can save upto 60 per cent of water consumption. The pond culture in villages of heavy rain areas must be received. It will not only raise the level of ground water, but will augment the available resources. The seriousness of the situation must be realized by the concerned authorities so that serious efforts on the continuous basis be made to make water available on the years to come. We must remember that the water is life and so it must be preserved by all means.