De­clin­ing rental hous­ing have cre­ated more slums

Accommodation Times - - Editorial - - Mu­rari Chaturvedi mu­rari@ac­com­mo­da­tion­

With dried up rental hous­ing, the slums are fast in­creas­ing in the coun­try. The gov­ern­ment poli­cies that af­fect rental hous­ing mar­kets have dried up the sup­ply of rental hous­ing. Some are in­tended to cor­rect real or imag­ined de­fi­cien­cies in rental hous­ing mar­kets. Some are in­tended to pro­tect par­tic­u­lar groups from the nor­mal im­pli­ca­tions. Some have non-hous­ing goals and af­fect hous­ing in in­di­rect and un­fore­seen ways, still some have no ra­tio­nal ba­sis. The gov­ern­ment have long recog­nised hous­ing as the fun­da­men­tal right of the cit­i­zens. It is also known to ev­ery­one that there is big gap of hous­ing sup­ply, then why some­thing con­crete is not be­ing done this na­tional need. Slums are cre­ated solely be­cause peo­ple can’t af­ford to pur­chase their homes on own­er­ship ba­sis. But they can shift in rental hous­ing projects, if it is avail­able. The rental hous­ing mar­ket in In­dia forms about 30 per cent of all the dwelling in ur­ban In­dia. How­ever, this fig­ure has the po­ten­tial to be much larger even with cur­rent level of hous­ing stock. Mod­ern Rent Con­trol Law by the cen­tral gov­ern­ment was passed in 1992. This was to be adopted by dif­fer­ent states but at this junc­ture, apart from Ma­ha­rash­tra and Ra­jasthan noth­ing has been done with re­gard to re­form­ing the ex­ist­ing laws, some states have ex­empted most ten­e­ments from the preview of Rent Con­trol Act. It is right step in right di­rec­tion imag­ine rental ac­com­mo­da­tion of around 300 sq ft is fetch­ing Rs. 25 per month in Mum­bai. Even some spa­cious flats in Marine Drive area fetch­ing rents at Rs. 250 or so per month. The quan­tum of rents that can be charged varies from state to state in terms of the method of cal­cu­la­tion of the stan­dard rent. But the ba­sic con­cept should be to pro­vide rental ac­com­mo­da­tion to the per­sons liv­ing in slums. These peo­ple who have no great monies and can­not af­ford to pur­chase small­est hous­ing unit. They need the ba­sic min­i­mum space of 300 sq. ft. The gov­ern­ment should come for­ward and cre­ate such rental units in all the states and pro­vide ac­com­mo­da­tion to the slum dwellers.

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