What do you know about IAS, IPS, IFS & IRS?
Dear students, Indian Civil Services are one of the most honourable services in India. It would be great if they too find a place in the list of “ambitions in your life”. Let’s take a glance at the Civil Services in India.
Indian Civil Services
The Civil Services of the Government of India include the important ones like Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), Indian Forest Service (IFS), and Indian Revenue Service (IRS).
Who conducts the exam?
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts nationwide examination for recruitment to Civil Services.
Modes of Exam:
The exam is conducted in three stages:(1) The Preliminary Examination- This is a qualifying test and consists of two objective type papers (General Studies and Aptitude Test).
* Paper I: This tests the candidate's knowledge on current events, history of India and Indian National Movement, Indian and World Geography, Indian Polity and governance, economic and social development, environmental ecology, biodiversity, climate change and general science.
* Paper II: This tests the candidates' skills in comprehension, interpersonal skills, communication, logical reasoning, analytical ability, decision making, problem solving, basic numeracy, data interpretation, English language comprehension skills and mental ability. Candidates who fail these papers are not eligible for the Mains.
(2) The Main Examination- This written examination consists of nine papers, two qualifying and seven ranking in nature. (3) Personality Test (Interview). The object of the interview is to assess the personal suitability of the candidate for a career in public service by a board of competent and unbiased observers. The test is intended to evaluate the mental caliber of the candidate, social traits and interest in current affairs.
Eligibility and Age Limit
The aspirant of civil service must have a recognized graduation degree in any discipline. The age limit is 21 to 30 years and this is subject to relaxation to reserved category candidates. Generally, a candidate can make 6 attempts to the Civil Services.
The officers of All India Services are organized into Cadres. A Civil Servant begins his career in the state with 2 years in probation. This period is spent at training schools, Secretariat, field offices or in a District Magistrate’s office.
IAS Officers are trained to handle Government affairs. The policy matters are framed, modified, interpreted in this office under the direct supervision of the Administrative Officer in consultation with the Minister. The Civil servant also has to represent the Government in another country or in International forums. The IFS was created in 1966 for protection, conservation and regeneration of forest resources. India was one of the first countries in the world to introduce scientific forest management. The Indian Police Service is responsible for internal security, public safety and law and order. IRS is a central service and the work is mostly in the Central Government.