National Symbols of INDIA
National symbols of India have been selected carefully to project the image of India at its best. They are chosen to reflect its culture and beliefs and also the positive attributes often associated with Indian blood.
National Flag - Tiranga - Tricolor
The National flag of India
August 2014 has three equal horizontal bands - the top panel is Indian saffron (Kesar), the bottom panel is India green and white middle band bearing at its centre the design of Ashoka Chakra in navy blue colour with 24 equally spaced spokes. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 22 July 1947, when it became the official flag of the Dominion of India. The flag was subsequently retained as that of the Republic of India. The flag is based on the Swaraj flag, a flag of the Indian National Congress designed by Pingali Venkayya.
National Emblem -Lion Capital of Asoka
It was adopted as the National Emblem of India on 26 January 1950, the day that India became a republic. The Emblem also includes the motto of India - "Satyameva Jayate" in Devanagari Script, which means "Truth Alone Triumphs".
National Calendar -Saka calendar
The calendar was introduced by the
Calendar Reform Committee in 1957, as part of the Indian Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac, which also contained other astronomical data, as well as timings and formulae for preparing Hindu religious calendars, in an attempt to harmonise this practice.
National Anthem -Jana Gana Mana
Rabindranath Tagore, the famous Noble laureate and Indian poet penned the five stanzas of the song titled 'Jana-gana-mana'. It was first sung in the session of Indian National Congress in the yet-not-free India in Calcutta on 27th December 1911. "Jana Gana Mana" was officially adopted by the Constituent Assembly as the Indian National Anthem on 24 January 1950.
National Song- Vande Mataram
Bankim Chandra Chaterjee penned 'Vande Mataram' for his Bengali novel 'Anand Math'. The song charged with patriotic fervor and full of praises for the motherland was an instant favorite among the freedom fighters of the day. Later, it was translated into English by Shree Auribindo Ghosh to conform to its universality and eventually, the first stanza of the song became the National Song of India. The song was a source of inspiration for many patriots and owes as much respect by the Indians as the National Anthem - 'Jana Gana Man'. It was first sung in the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress.
National Flower -Lotus
Lotus or Nelumbo Nucifera as it is also called is the National Flower of India. It is a sacred flower and occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India and an auspicious symbol of Indian culture.
National Bird- The Peacock
The Indian Pea fowl is the National Bird of India. It is a protected bird. In the Hindu religion, the pea fowl is a sacred bird because the spots on the tail symbolize the eyes of the Gods.
National Fruit -Mango
Mango, cultivated in India since times immemorial, is regarded as the National Fruit of India
River - Ganga is the longest river of India with the most heavily populated river basin in the world. The river is revered by Hindus as the most sacred river on earth.
National Tree- Indian Banyan or Indian fig tree
The branches of Indian Banyan tree root themselves to form new trees and grow over large areas. Because of this characteristic and its longevity, this tree is considered immortal and is an integral part of the myths and legends of India.
National Animal - Royal Bengal Tiger
The Bengal tiger can be found throughout the country except in the northwestern region.
National Aquatic Animal -Gangetic Dolphin
Gangetic Dolphin is said to represent the purity of the holy Ganga River as it can only survive in pure and fresh water.
The authors of Indian National Anthem Rabindranath Tagore and Indian National Song - Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay
National Currency Symbol
The symbol of Indian Rupee signifies India's international identity for money transactions and economic strength. The symbol is an amalgam of Devanagri (Ra) and the Roman Capital R with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the "equal to" sign. The Indian Rupee sign was adopted by the Government of India on 15 July 2010. The symbol, conceptualised and designed by Udaya Kumar, a post graduate in Design from Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
National Game - Field Hockey
The Ministry of Youth Affairs & Sports of India clarified that, officially, the country does not have a national game; no game, including hockey, has been notified as such. However, many sources, mention field hockey as a "National Game". India has won eight Olympic gold medals for field hockey. Indian field hockey's golden period was from 1928–56, when the Indian field hockey team won six successive Olympic gold medals.