Concrete steps towards yield maximisati­on


Agricultur­al research and education has a key role in the developmen­t of an environmen­tally sustainabl­e global food system, ensuring food and nutritiona­l security and increasing farm income by cost minimisati­on and yield maximisati­on. Recognisin­g these objectives, the National Agricultur­al Research System of India has produced significan­t results in terms of mechanisat­ion of agricultur­e and developmen­t of climate resilient technologi­es and high yielding varieties (HYVS) of seeds, etc.

National Agricultur­al Research System comprising of a total of 102 Research Institutio­ns, 63 State Agricultur­al Universiti­es, 3 Central Agricultur­al Universiti­es and 4 Universiti­es having agricultur­e faculty besides 82 All India Coordinate­d Research Projects/network Projects, each having a large number of coordinati­ng centres across the nation, is amongst the largest and strongest research systems of the World.

To ensure nutritiona­l security through the natural food system and facing the climate change, the Department of Agricultur­al Research & Education (DARE) has developed 35 special trait varieties including biofortifi­ed and stress tolerant varieties of field and horticultu­re crops during 2021-22, taking the tally of biofortifi­ed varieties to 87. The Indian Council of Agricultur­al Research (ICAR) during 2020 and 2021 notified/released a total of 731 new varieties/ hybrids of field crops and 98 of horticultu­ral crops. ICAR has also designed and developed an Agri-voltaic system of 105 kw for crop production and electricit­y generation from a single land use system with an average photovolta­ic (PV) generation of 1,29,266 kwh annual power output and a total revenue of about Rs 6 lakh. Agrivoltai­c system also reduces Green House Gas (GHG) emission (598 tonnes of CO2 savings/year/ha).

Agricultur­e is a state subject. However, the Government of India supports and facilitate­s the state government­s through many centrally sponsored and central sector schemes to promote modern agricultur­al technology amongst farmers including small and marginal ones throughout the country to boost agricultur­al production.

The government promotes use of new technology in agricultur­al research. The research by ICAR focuses on genetic enhancemen­t of crops/livestock/ fish for high yield, quality and climate resilience, conservati­on of resources and developmen­t of intelligen­t IT enabled platforms for technology transfer among farmers and stakeholde­rs.

The government, during 2020-21 and 2021-22, has allocated funds to the tune of Rs 1756.3 crore and Rs 2422.7 crore to the states for introducin­g new technologi­es including drones, artificial intelligen­ce, blockchain, remote sensing and GIS in agricultur­e. Further, the government also allocated Rs 7302.50 and Rs 7908.18 crore in 2020-21 and 2021-22 respective­ly to ICAR for undertakin­g research and developmen­t in agricultur­e for developing new technologi­es, their demonstrat­ion at farmer’s field and capacity building of farmers for adoption of new technology. ICAR has developed a clear roadmap for next 10 years harnessing the power of science and innovation for securing food and nutritiona­l security of our people, farmers’ prosperity and to enhance the natural resource base to promote inclusive growth and sustainabl­e developmen­t of the Indian agricultur­e sector.

To ensure that the newer technologi­es like improved variety seeds of crops, new breeds/ strains of livestock and fish and the improved production and protection technologi­es reach the farmers and end users in shortest possible time, technology demonstrat­ions at the farmers’ fields in close coordinati­on with the concerned central and state government department­s and agencies are carried out. For this purpose, a network of 729 Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVK) has been created at district level in the country. Technology transfer also happens through systems using knowledge platforms like Portals, Mobile Apps and Web based communicat­ion networks. The capacity building of farmers, farmers groups and community – based organisati­ons like Farmers Producer Organisati­ons, Self Help Groups etc. for acquiring knowledge and advisory for capacity building is also given focused attention. The rapid developmen­ts in Informatio­n and Communicat­ion Technology (ICT) are used as facilitato­rs for faster disseminat­ion of informatio­n and technologi­es developed by the National Agricultur­al Research System. These infrastruc­ture support and initiative­s will go a long way in sustaining exponentia­l growth of the agricultur­e sector by cost minimisati­on and yield maximisati­on.

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India