Major initiative­s by GOI to promote millets


● The Government of India notified millets as nutri-cereals in April, 2018. The government renamed jowar, bajra, ragi and other millets as ‘nutri cereals’, dispensing with the nomenclatu­re ‘coarse cereals’.

The move was aimed at removing the perception that these grains are inferior to rice and wheat.

● Under the Sub Mission on National Food Security Mission (NFSM)- nutri cereals, GOI is creating awareness among farmers for nutri cereals (millets) such as ragi, sorghum, bajra and small millets through demonstrat­ion and training.

● Under Nfsm–nutri cereals,support and incentives are provided to the farmers, through the state government­s, on crop production and protection technologi­es, cropping system based demonstrat­ions, production and distributi­on of seeds of newly released varieties/hybrids, Integrated Nutrient and Pest Management techniques, improved farm implements/ tools/resource conservati­on machinerie­s, water saving devices, capacity building of farmers through training during cropping season, organising events/workshops, distributi­on of seed minikits, and publicity through print and electronic media.

● The government is further popularisi­ng nutri cereals through Research & Developmen­t support.

● Under the All India Coordinate­d Research Project (AICRP) on small millets, sorghum and pearl millet, Indian Council of Agricultur­al Research (ICAR) provides support to 45 collaborat­ing centres located in different State Agricultur­al Universiti­es (SAUS) and ICAR institutes for developmen­t, of new varieties/hybrids of millets.

● For increasing exports through quality production and processing, Agricultur­al and Processed Food Products Export Developmen­t Authority (APEDA) signed a Memorandum of Understand­ing (MOU) with Icar-indian Institute of Millet Research (ICAR-IIMR) which is expected to boost value addition and farmers’ income. The key focus of the MOU would be to promote commercial cultivatio­n of processabl­e varieties developed by ICARIIMR for exports which is expected to promote value addition of millets. ● 16 programmes are being planned by APEDA for promotion of millets and value-added products of millets in UAE, Indonesia, USA, Japan, UK, Germany, Australia, Republic of Korea, South Africa and Saudi Arabia.

● NITI Aayog signed a Statement of Intent (SOI) with the United Nations World Food Program (WFP) on 20 December 2021. Sol focuses on strategic and technical collaborat­ion between NITI Aayog and WFP, to strengthen climate resilient agricultur­e for enhanced food and nutrition security in India.

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