OSTEOARTHIRITIS AND ITS MAN­AGE­MENT

0DQ\ WUHDWPHQWV DUH QRZ DYDLODEOH IRU RVWHRDUWKLULWLV ² HGXFDWLRQ EHKDYLRXUDO FKDQJHV SK\VLFDO WKHUDS\ VXUJHU\ DQG GUXJV

Airports India - - NEWS - BY DR. RAVEES RAJA PT. MPT, DRT, CKT, CDNT.

Os­teoarthri­tis is the most com­mon form of arthri­tis, af­fect­ing mil­lions of peo­ple world­wide. It oc­curs when the pro­tec­tive car­ti­lage on the ends of your bones wears down over time. Al­though os­teoarthri­tis can dam­age any joint in your body, the dis­or­der most com­monly af­fects joints in your hands, knees, hips and spine. Os­teoarthri­tis symp­toms can usu­ally be ef­fec­tively man­aged, al­though the un­der­ly­ing process can­not be re­versed. Stay­ing ac­tive, main­tain­ing a healthy weight and other treat­ments may slow pro­gres­sion of the dis­ease and help im­prove pain and joint func­tion.

SYMP­TOMS

Os­teoarthri­tis symp­toms of­ten de­velop slowly and worsen over time. Signs and symp­toms of os­teoarthri­tis in­clude: Pain. Your joint may hurt dur­ing or af­ter move­ment. Ten­der­ness. Your joint may feel ten­der when you ap­ply light pres­sure to it. Stiff­ness. Joint stiff­ness may be most no­tice­able when you wake up in the morn­ing or af­ter a pe­riod of in­ac­tiv­ity. Loss of flex­i­bil­ity. You may not be able to move your joint through its full range of mo­tion.

Grat­ing sen­sa­tion. You may hear or feel a grat­ing sen­sa­tion when us­ing the joint.

Bone spurs. Th­ese ex­tra bits of bone, which feel like hard lumps, may form around the af­fected joint.

CAUSES

Os­teoarthri­tis oc­curs when the car­ti­lage that cush­ions the ends of bones in your joints grad­u­ally de­te­ri­o­rates. Car­ti­lage is a firm, slip­pery tis­sue that per­mits nearly fric­tion­less joint mo­tion. In os­teoarthri­tis, the slick sur­face of the car­ti­lage be­comes rough. Even­tu­ally, if the car­ti­lage wears down com­pletely, you may be left with bone rub­bing on bone.

RISK FAC­TORS

Fac­tors that may in­crease your risk of os­teoarthri­tis in­clude:

Newspapers in English

Newspapers from India

© PressReader. All rights reserved.