American Attacks on Syria
After the attack now the blame game started between America and Russia. The US accused Russia of blocking international inspectors from reaching the site of a suspected poison gas attack in Syria and said Russia and Syria have tampered with evidence. Moscow denied the charge and blamed the US for attack on Syria. Last week the US along with Britain and France attacked Syria. The reasons of attack was to deter the Syrian chemical weapons stocks. The United States dealt a severe blow to the heart of its chemical weapons infrastructure. The US and western allies have accused Syria’s Bashar-al-Assad of ordering a chemical weapons attack on a rebelheld town Douma, just outside Damascus that killed 40 people. They have alleged the Syrian government used chlorine gas in the attack, and possibly others.
An emergency meeting of the Security Council called by Russia to condemn the allied action. American President Trump had called the chemical weapon attack “crimes of a monster”. Mission accomplished, he wrote on Twitter. Syria’s chief allies, Russia and Iran, called the use of force by the United States, Britain and France “a military crime” and “act of aggression” with the potential to worsen a humanitarian crisis after years of civil war. Defence Secretary of America James Mattis said the strikes were a ‘One time shot”. But more could follow if there were more chemical weapon attacks. The Unites States had first struck Syria in April, 2017. This conflict which was generated from civil war in Syria is heating up the Third World War. The Russian defence experts have cautioned the world to get ready for the Third World War. The US and West laughed at this exposition. Nevertheless, the world is divided. Russia along with Iran has support of China and some of the Middle East countries.
More than 25,000 Syrians have lost their lives in four and half years of armed conflict, which began with anti-government protests before escalating into a full-scale civil war. More than 11 million others have been forced from their homes as forces loyal to President al-Assad and those opposed to his rule battle each other- as well as jihadist militants from socalled Islamic State. Prodemocracy protests erupted in March 2011 in the southern city of Deraa after the arrest and torture of some teenagers who painted revolutionary slogans on a school wall. After security forces opened fire on demonstrators, killing several, more took to the streets. The unrest triggered nationwide protests demanding President Assad’s resignation. Now the conflict is more than just a battle between those for or against Assad. It has
acquired sectarian overtones, pitching the country’s Sunni majority against the Syrian president’s Shia Alawite sect, and drawn in regional and world powers. The rise of the Jihadist group Islamic State has added a further dimension.
The conflict in Syria has drawn in major global powers, supporting and opposing president Basharal Assad and the myriad rebel groups raged against him. World powers meeting in Vienna agreed to a ninepoint plan they hope would pave the way for a ceasefire in Syria-but they remain divided on what happens to President Assad. Russia is one of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad’s most important international backers and the survival of the regime is critical to maintaining Russian interests in the country. It has blocked resolutions critical of Assad at the UN Security Council and has continued to supply weapons to the Syrian port of Tartous, which serves as Russia’s Syrian military despite international criticism.
New Cold War
The post-cold war period led to the massive diplomatic humiliation of Russia. One after another attempt was being made by the US to encircle Russia through NATO. Russian economy was in bad shape after the Cold War.Russia is far short of the military strength it enjoyed as part of the Soviet Union. In almost every area other than nuclear weapons, Russia is heavily outnumbered in terms of defence spending and equipment compared with the US.The US spends about $550bn annually on defence compared with Russia’s $70bn. To take just one indicator, Russia has
The conflict in Syria has drawn in major global powers, supporting and opposing president Bashar-al Assad and the myriad rebel groups raged against him. World powers meeting in Vienna agreed to a nine-point plan they hope would pave the way for a ceasefire in Syria-but they remain divided on what happens to President Assad. Russia is one of Syrian President Bashar alAssad’s most important international backers and the survival of the regime is critical to maintaining Russian interests in the country.
one ageing aircraft carrier while the US has 20.Today’s Russia isn’t the major military force that the
Soviet Union once was.
But since the Vladimir Putin took the command of Russia, he rejuvenated with much vaulted nationalism. Now Russia is not the exSoviet Union in terms of military power but neither it is fragmented Russia of 1990s. It has gained and willing to play a larger role in the world politics. Its military expenditure is increasing. It comes in as the third largest spender in the world, but that’s actually not as impressive as it sounds. In 2016, the United States was responsible for 36 percent of total global military spending. China was number two at 13 percent. And Russia managed a mere 4.1 percent, just a nose ahead of Saudi Arabia.
Vladimir Putin has not only embarked on a serious modernisation of the Russian military — begun in 2011 at an estimated price tag of $670 billion and including $28 billion by 2020 to upgrade the nuclear triad — but considers military force to be a key element of statecraft. The seizure of Crimea and the war in eastern Ukraine illustrate the relative importance of diplomacy and military in Putin’s thinking, while military force has positioned Russia as a player in the Syria conflict where it can now assert its vaunted diplomatic role.Russia cannot hope to achieve “full-spectrum dominance” worldwide. But it can certainly control its “near abroad” and play a spoiler role elsewhere.The US is also speeding up nuclear arsenals. Trump called for a massive increase in the U.S. nuclear arsenal.
There are many reasons for Russia to be anti West. One is the quest for prestige. What did America do in Yugoslavia? Boris Yeltsin was pained and Russia was repeatedly humiliated by the western powers. NATO’s airstrikes in the former Yugoslavia was abide to use its unrivalled power to reshape the world through a selective morality. Russia has lost the clout and standing the Soviet Union had in world politics. The nationalist Vladimir Putin wants to establish his country’s status as a great power. The Syrian war is an opportunity to show that Russia does matter and must be taken seriously. Another motive that moves Moscow’s Syria policy is preventing the rise of a radical Islamist regime, which is what the Russia leadership fears will happen if Assad fails.
It is obviously clear that none of the forces in Syria are in complete control of its territory. The hold is fragmented. There are many masters. But Assad regime has gained control from the rebels in the last two years with the help of Russia and Iran. The main cities under government control are Damascus, Homs, Aleppo, Tattus, Palmyra and Albu Kamal. The Free Syrian Army is a loose conglomeration of armed brigades formed in 2011 by defectors from the Syrian army and civilian aiming to topple President Bashar al-Assad. Since the battle of Aleppo, the FSA has remained in control of limited areas in northwestern Syria. The main area which has its hold is Idlib province. The IS controls near the area of Albu Kamal, surrounded by government forces westward and Kurdish forces in the east. The US forces which had liberated the areas from rebels are
unwilling to handover to Assad Regime. The US objective is to remove the president Assad.
India’s foreign policy in Syria is connected with its larger Middle East understanding. India’s tacit support to Assad regime is driven by two factors. The first is its fears of instability and the rise of Islamists as it happened in post Gaddafi Libya. The second is its commitment to noninterventionism, a position shared by members of the BRICS countries that have refrained from a military intervention against the regime. The Baath Party’s continued pro-India stance on the Kashmir issue pushes India to take a position on the Syrian crisis that seems to favour the Assad regime. Given that India has abstained from most UN Security Council resolutions on Syria. However, this feature of India’s foreign policy has not affected its ties with the regional powers in the Arab world, such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia, which have pursued divergent regional interests.
Moreover, at the moment, Syria is an insignificant source of oil for India. This suggests that Indian interests in the Middle Eastern states are not driven solely by its aim to achieve energy security.
The Baath Party’s continued proIndia stance on the Kashmir issue pushes India to take a position on the Syrian crisis that seems to favour the Assad regime. Given that India has abstained from most UN Security Council resolutions on Syria. However, this feature of India’s foreign policy has not affected its ties with the regional powers in the Arab world, such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia, which have pursued divergent regional interests.
India supports an alinclusive Syrian-led process to chart out the future of Syria, its political structures and leadership. New Delhi prefers stability over instability. The rise of Islamic factions. This fear is magnified by the fact that Islamic extremists are
The US supports Syria’s main opposition alliance, the National Coalition, and provides limited military assistance to moderate rebels. Riyadh is a major provider of military and financial assistance to several rebel groups, including those with Islamist ideologies. The Turkish government has been a staunch critic of Assad since the start of the uprising in Syria. Turkey is a key supporter of the Syrian opposition and has faced the burden of hosting almost two million refugees.
intending to find a new haven in Afghanistan, which happens to be pivotal for India’s interests in
South Asia. Since IS has expanded its reach to Bangladesh and Pakistan. It has splintered of supports from the different states of India, especially Kerala. The second factor comes from the assertion that India shares a consolidated opinion with other BRICS states on the question of intervention. The BRICS states have questioned the UNSC’s authority to intervene on humanitarian grounds. It is based on the logic of noninterventionism.After the US attack on Syria, India cautioned for peace and dialogue. It also advocated for UN intervention.
The major concern is divergence of view of America. The US stepped in to eliminate ISIS in Syria. Later on it changed its priority to topple Assad then dismantled the IS. The change of preference disturbed the apple cart in Syria. On the other hand, Moscow wants to protect a key naval facility which it leases at the Syrian port of Tartous, which serves Russia’s sole Mediterranean base for its Black Sea fleet, and has forces at an air base in Latakia, President
Assad’s Shia Alawite heartland. In September 2015 Russia began launching air strikes against rebels. The US supports Syria’s main opposition alliance, the National Coalition, and provides limited military assistance to moderate rebels. Riyadh is a major provider of military and financial assistance to several rebel groups, including those with Islamist ideologies.
The Turkish government has been a staunch critic of Assad since the start of the uprising in Syria. Turkey is a key supporter of the
Syrian opposition and has faced the burden of hosting almost two million refugees. Turkey agreed to let the US led coalition against IS to use its air bases for strikes on Syria.
Assad is Iran’s closest Arab ally and Syria is the main transit point for Iranian weapons shipments to the Lebanese Shia Islamist movement, Hezbollah. Iran is also believed to have been influential in Hezbollah’s decision to send fighters to western Syria to assist proAssad forces.
Now things are moving in different directions. Russia and America are once again pitching against each other on every issue. China is categorically with Russia. Syria is a flash point which is connecting the major powers into two different poles. If America remained dogmatic and continue to attack Assad regime, it might escalate to direct confrontation with Russia. The spy case of London has battered the conditions between the two. The need is to pause and think about it before shooting the missiles.
The rivaliry between the US and Russia is evident in Syria.
Smoke rises from the besieged eastern Ghouta region of Syria.
Americans protesting against bombing by their own country US in Syria in front of the White House.
Men waiving the Syrian flag as they drive a motorcycle in a street in the Eastern Ghouta town of Douma after Syrian government forces entered the last rebel bastion.
A Syrian man carries an infant rescued from the rubble of buildings following
government bombing in the rebel-held town of Hamouria, Syria.
A scene showing several destroyed buildings in Douma.