The primary object of moving a non-confidence motion in Parliament is to prove that the government has lost the confidence of the majority of members in the House and to make it resign. The secondary objective is to expose the government and show its shortcomings and misdeeds, so much so, the ruling party’s popularity is diminished and opposition gets the benefit of people’s confidence.
Had the recent non-confidence motion moved in Lok Sabha by the opposition parties against the BJP government reach anywhere in their objectives? Everyone knew defeating the government was impossible as the BJP had a majority by itself in the House and making the supporting parties in the NDA to vote against the government, though they were disenchanted by the BJP, was difficult.
Therefore the objective of the Non-confidence motion remained to expose the Government and the ruling party before the people and get advantage for the opposition in the coming general elections. It is doubtful if the opposition was successful even in this objective. Firstly, the opposition parties, mostly regional, were not united and their representatives were more interested in expressing the grievances of their respective states and how the government of Prime Minister Modi failed to fulfil its promises to them than failing the country as a whole.
For example, Telugu Desam Party (TDP) member Galla Jaydev who initiated the debate on No-Confidence motion, talked only of the neglect of Andhra Pradesh.
However, the main speeches of the No-Confidence Motion were the dual between Congress President Rahul Gandhi and Prime Minister Narendra Modi. Rahul’s speech did point out the failures and misdeeds of the government in general and Modi in particular, but people noted it more for its dramatics than for the facts. He spoke eloquently and movingly to convince that the Modi government had lost the confidence of the nation, but his facts were questioned by Defence Minister Nirmala Sitaraman on the French Rafale aircraft deal. The intervention and interruption marred the sharpness of Rahul’s arguments. However, he has proved that he can challenge Modi in emotional dramatics and stumped the House and even the PM by going to his seat and embracing him.
As foreseen earlier, the No-Confidence motion was defeated and the Government won by a majority (126—325) that even it did not expect. The gain for the opposition was it could bring together several parties in the House to pave opposition unity for the future.