GO­ING BACK TO ROOTS

In­dian tex­tile & Hand­i­crafts in­dus­try con­sti­tutes an im­por­tant seg­ment of the In­dian econ­omy as it is one of the largest em­ploy­ment gen­er­a­tors after agri­cul­ture. The sec­tor em­ploys about 7 mil­lion peo­ple di­rectly and in­di­rectly, which in­clude a large numb

Assocham Bulletin - - INDUSTRY -

This sec­tor is eco­nom­i­cally im­por­tant from the point of low cap­i­tal in­vest­ment, high ra­tio of value ad­di­tion, and high po­ten­tial for ex­port and for­eign ex­change earn­ings for the coun­try.

These in­dus­tries are a ma­jor source of in­come for ru­ral com­mu­ni­ties in gen­eral and for ru­ral women in par­tic­u­lar.

Though a large num­ber of fe­male work­force, both ur­ban and tribal, from all sec­tions of the so­ci­ety are in­volved in ap­pro­pri­ate re­turns for their ef­forts, said Mr. Tamta.

Along­side the con­fer­ence a study on 'Women in Tex­tiles & Hand­i­crafts In­dus­try' was jointly re­leased by AS­SOC HAMResur­gent. The study re­vealed that the mar­ket size of In­dia's tex­tile mar­ket is ex­pect­ed­to­touch $250bil­lionin the next two years from the cur­rent level of $150 bil­lion.

The tex­tile sec­tor in In­dia ac­counts for 10% of the coun­try's man ufac­tur­ing pro­duc­tion, 5% of In­dia's CDP, and 13% of In­dia's ex­ports earn­ings. Tex­tile and ap­parel sec­tor is the sec­ond largest em­ploy­ment provider in the coun­try em­ploy­ing nearly 51 mil­lion peo­ple di­rectly and 68 mil­lion peo­ple in­di­rectly in 2015-16, adds the study.

De­mon­eti­sa­tion and the tran­si­tion to CSThave hit smaller play­ers hard. The num­ber of work­ers af­fected due to clo­sure of cot­ton and man-made fi­bre tex­tile units (the big­ger units that com­prise the non-SSIseg­ment of the in­dus­try) dur­ing 2016-17was 4,356 on ac­count of the clo­sure of 18 units, ac­cord­ing to of­fi­cial Tex­tile Min­istry data on non-SSI units.

Dur­ing the pre­vi­ous two years, the num­bers were 7,938 work­ers af­fected by the clo­sure of 27 units in 2015-16 and 5,384 work­ers af­fected from the clo­sure of 21 units in 2014-15,tak­ing the cu­mu­la­tive fig­ure to over 17,600 work­ers im­pacted by the clo­sure of 67 units in the last three years.

The CST roll­out has fur­ther hit SME play­ers in tex­tile hubs such as Surat, Bhi­wadi and Ichalka­ranji. Cap­i­tal goods firms are strug­gling as most of the down­stream sec­tors are sad­dled with ex­cess ca­pac­ity and low de­mand.

It is es­ti­mated that out of the to­tal num­ber of per­sons em­ployed in Hand­looms, Hand­i­crafts, and Ser­i­cul­ture, about 50% are women. There are more women in the house­hold in­dus­try than in the regis­tered small scale or cot­tage units. How­ever, in the or­gan­ised sec­tor the per­cent­age of women work­ers is ex­tremely low, with the e;cep­tion be­ing gar­ment­ing.

Ef­forts are be­ing made to re­store glory of cot­tage based tra­di­tional sec­tors like hand­looms, hand­i­crafts, jute and wool through an in­te­grated ap­proach cov­er­ing en­tire value chain. To pro­vide en­cour­age­ment to tex­tile man­u­fac­tures and farm­ers of raw ma­te­ri­als, the gov­ern­ment has been pro­vid­ing in­cen­tives like min­i­mum sup­port price to cot­ton farm­ers, up­grad­ing the tech­nol­ogy for hand­loom weavers and pro­vid­ing cen­tres for trade fa­cil­i­ta­tion.

Thetex­tile­sand gar­ments sec­tor is one of the largest em­ploy­ment gen­er­a­tors in the coun­try. In­dia has around 2 mil­lion power looms man­u­fac­tur­ing around 20 bil­lon me­ters of cloth, high­lighted the study.

The power looms sec­tor ac­counts for around 60 per­cent of the to­tal tex­tiles sec­tor. The sec­tor is largely un­or­ga­nized with many play­ers hav­ing hardly 10-20 looms and weav­ing on an av­er­age around 1,000 me­ters of cloth per loom per month, depend­ing on qual­ity of cloth and loom used to man­u­fac­ture. Many run their looms on job­work ba­sis and many buy yarn and man­u­fac­ture cloth. These units are spread across Bhi­wandi, Surat, Ichalka­ranji, Erode, Bhilwara, to name a few large cen­tres where power looms in­dus­try is op­er­at­ing.

They are often vic­tims of gen­der in­equal­ity as it is em­bed­ded deep in our so­ci­ety and also rep­re­sents our so­cialpo­lit­i­cal struc­ture. Women have em­barked on a new jour­ney to dis­cover and un­ravel their tal­ents through their ded­i­ca­tion and hard work de­spite be­ing bound with fam­ily ob­sta­cles and so­cial draw­backs. There are many in­sti­tu­tions who have pledged to sup­port the ba­sic needs and em­power indige­nous women to ex­pand their op­por­tu­ni­ties. The sole in­ten­tion of these or­gan­i­sa­tions is to pro­vide the women ac­cess to nec­es­sary ed­u­ca­tion, health care, em­ploy­ment and a so­cial stand­ing. These vul­ner­a­ble and de­pen­dent women are trained mostly in the tex­tile and weav­ing in­dus­try to make them in­de­pen­dent and eco­nom­i­cally em­pow­ered.

Light­ing of inau­gu­ral lamp by Mr. Shan­ta­manu DC (Hand­i­crafts & Hand­looms), Dr. Anil Sa­hasrabudhe, Chair­man, AI/In­dia Coun­cil for Tech­ni­cal Ed­u­ca­tion, Min­istry of Hu­man Re­sources, Mr. Anil Raj ku­mar Ad­di­tional devel­op­ment Com­mis­sioner of Hand­looms, Mr....

Re­laese of the Knowl­edge Re­port: Ms Teen Sharma, Dr. Anil Sa­hasrabudhe, Mr. Shan­ta­manu, Hon 'ble Min­is­ter of State for Tex­tiles Mr. Ajay Tamta, Mr. Anil Raj ku­mar, Mr. Babul Lal Jain.

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