EFFECTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT
Indiais likely to generate about 775.5 tons of medical waste per day by 2022 from the current level of 550.9 tons per day growing at Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of about 7%, reveals ASSOCHAMVelocity MRjoint study.
Lackof staffand infrastructure is also a major constraint in the implementation of the rules. The country needs stringent monitoring and evaluation framework to ensure compliance, according joint study titled 'Unearthing the Growth Curve and Necessities of Biomedical WasteManagementin India-2018' released at a conference on 'BiomedicalWaste Management: Issues, Challenges, Awareness and Opportunities' organized by ASSOCHAMat New Delhi.
Releasing the paper, Dr. Kirti Bhushan, Director General of Health Services, Government of NCT of Delhi said, waste management market in India is expected to reach US $ 13.62 billion by 2025. Major waste sections such as municipal solid waste management market, e-waste market and biomedical waste are expected to grow at CAGR of 7.14%, 10.03% and 8.14% respectively.
Safe and effective management ofwaste is not only a legal necessity but also a social responsibility. Lack of concern, motivation, awareness and cost factor are some of the problems faced in the proper biomedical waste management. Clearly there is a need for education as to the hazards associated with improper waste disposal. Education of the staff about the management or biomedical waste is crucial in today's health care arena, added Dr. Bhushan.
"To ensure safe and proper disposal of biomedical waste, MoEF has notified Biomedical Waste Management Rules 2016. These rules shall apply to all those who generate, collect, receive, store, transport or handle biomedical waste in any form. The rules make hospital and owner of the medical waste treatment facility liable for all damages caused due to improper handling ofwaste", Dr. Ravindra Aggrwal, Additional Director, Biomedical Waste (BMW), Directorate of Health Services, Government of NCT of Delhi said at the event.
Dr. Aggrwal further said bar-coding is evolving and we are waiting for guidelines from the ministry of environment. CPCB has already framed the guidelines -and sent it for the government approval.
Mr. Jasal Shah, Founder and CEO of Velocity MR (Market Research) adds, "Velocity MR, the Knowledge Partner for this conference is proud to have contributed in bringing insights about Biomedical Waste Management in India. We pledge to continue igniting insights on business issues/ societal concerns from across the sectors and help all the concerned in marching ahead on their growth curve. I'm sure this report on 'Unearthing the Growth Curve & Necessities of Biomedical Waste Management in India' will help the healthcare fraternity, investors and our government in understanding the current requirements to bridge the gap and better equip ourselves for the challenges ahead."
The monitoring bodies,
"I have a firm belief that we will develop a culture and the new steps that we take towards achieving cleanliness will continue. Only then will we achieve the dream of Gandhiji, achieve the kind of cleanliness that he had dreamt of," Prime Minister Narendra Modi said.
viz. SPCBs and CPCB, should make a strict time line and visit the healthcare facilities and CBWTFs regularly and update their data on time. The newly formed district level monitoring committee should plan out a strategy and monitor these facilities as required by the rules to fill in this gap, noted the study.
Need for efficiency in segregation and collections. Make it the bottom-line responsibility of CBWTF's to collect, treats & train healthcare facili ties. Since the existing CBWTFs are not enough to treat the quantum of medical waste generated by hospitals, the country should focus on installation of more CBWTFs and should work on increasing connectivityup to the PHC level.
The study outlines the key challenges in Biomedical Waste Management in the current healthcare scenario in India. Some of the challenges includes speed of data availability, under reporting of waste generated and handling capacity, operation of healthcare facility without authorization under BMW Rules, States/UT's which are yet to develop CBWTFs in the respective State/UT, lack of awareness among various sections of the staff at all levels.
Inadequate waste management can cause environmental pollution, growth and multiplication of vectors like insects, rodents and worms which may lead to the transmission of diseases like typhoid, cholera, hepatitis and AIDS through injuries, from syringes and needles contaminated with a already effected human. In addition to health risks associated with poor management of medical waste, consideration must also be given to the impact on the environment, especially to the risks of pollution of water, air and soil in developing countries.
Expansion of healthcare facilities coupled with the recent trend ofusing disposables has led to an unprecedented burden of health care related waste. Healthcare is one of the largest sector in India both in terms of revenue and employment. With growing healthcare, there is a requirement of management of biomedical waste. Biomedical Waste (BMW) although comprises a small proportion of total waste generated (around 1%) but needs special handling and treatment due to its highly toxic contents, and it is highly infectiousand can pose a severe threat to human health. Biomedical waste in India is projected to grow at a rate higher than the overall healthcare services market driven by the expansion of the increasing awareness, improving efficiencies in the system, medical tourism, number of clinics, hospitals, rising of the ageing population and new BMWguidelines.
Dr: Kirti Bhushan, Director General, Health Services, Government of NeT of Delhi delivering the inaugural address.
Inauguration by Dr. Kirti Bhushan, Director General, Health Services, Govt. of NCT of Delhi. Also seen (L-R) Mr. Utpal Kumar, Associate Director-B2B Research, Velor4ty MR Solutions Pvt. Ltd., Dr. Sakti Prasad Dhua, Regional Coordinator-RENPAP India, United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), Dr. Girish Tyagi, Registrar, Delhi Medical Council, Dr. Ravindra Aggarwal, Additional Director (BMW), Directorate of Health Services, Govt. of NCT of Delhi, Padma Bhushan Dr. B. K. Rao, Chairman, ASSOCHAM National Council of Healthcare and Hospitals and Dr. K. D. Gupta, Chairman, ASSOCHAM National Council on Waste and Water Management.