Japan to promote AI based medicines
Japan plans to create comprehensive rules governing the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in medical equipment, aiming to speed the deployment of tools that can improve accuracy and efficiency in a health care system burdened by an aging population. The ministry of health will draw up guidelines this fiscal year for evaluating the safety and efficacy of AI-based medical equipment. No such criteria now exist, so manufacturers face uncertainty on whether their device will be approved to go to market. Setting clear standards could encourage more companies to enter the field, hastening advancements in medical technology. The new rules will also make clear that the ultimate responsibility for diagnosing and treating disease rests with doctors. This point has been seen as particularly important for AI, which blurs the line between machine and human judgement. While adopting these tools will raise health care investment in the short term, experts predict they could reduce costs in the long run by improving efficiency.