BIOINCUBATORS- BUILD­ING STRONG FOUN­DA­TION FOR BIOECONOMY

BioSpectrum (India) - - BIO CONTENT - Dr Man­beena Chawla man­beena.chawla@mmac­tiv.com

To­day, both Cen­tral and State Gov­ern­ments are mak­ing their earnest ef­forts to pro­mote biotech­nol­ogy ac­tiv­i­ties in the coun­try by set­ting up biotech­nol­ogy parks, in­cu­ba­tors as well as pilot projects through pub­lic pri­vate partnership. At present, over 100 in­cu­ba­tees are work­ing at var­i­ous bioin­cu­ba­tion cen­tres and biotech parks in In­dia. We will be fea­tur­ing most ac­tive, func­tional biotech parks and in­cu­ba­tion cen­tres spread across In­dia namely -Luc­know Biotech Park, IKP Knowl­edge

Park, Ven­ture Cen­tre, IIT M Bioin­cu­ba­tor, Golden Ju­bilee Biotech Park for Women So­ci­ety, Cen­tre for Cel­lu­lar And Molec­u­lar Plat­forms, Ban­ga­lore Bioin­no­va­tion Cen­tre and In­ter­na­tional Biotech Park.

To­day, both Cen­tral and State Gov­ern­ments are mak­ing their earnest ef­forts to pro­mote biotech­nol­ogy ac­tiv­i­ties in the coun­try by set­ting up biotech­nol­ogy parks, in­cu­ba­tors as well as pilot projects through pub­lic pri­vate partnership.

The Hyderabad cam­pus of IKP Knowl­edge Park (IKP) was set up as a not-for-profit re­search park in 1999. Over the years, IKP has raised over Rs. 114 crore and funded around 135 in­no­va­tors/star­tups projects across In­dia in pub­lic health, med­i­cal tech­nol­ogy, biotech­nol­ogy, nu­tri­tion, agri­cul­ture and en­vi­ron­ment.

A year af­ter that, in 2000, SIDBI In­no­va­tion & In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre (SIIC) at IIT Kan­pur was set up in col­lab­o­ra­tion with Small In­dus­tries De­vel­op­ment Bank of In­dia (SIDBI) to fos­ter in­no­va­tion, re­search and en­tre­pre­neur­ial ac­tiv­i­ties in tech­nol­ogy re­lated ar­eas.

Fur­ther on, Golden Ju­bilee Women’s Biotech­nol­ogy Park was set up at Siruseri, Chen­nai, in 2001. Very re­cently, MS Swami­nathan Bio-In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre sup­ported by Biotech­nol­ogy In­dus­try Re­search As­sis­tance Coun­cil (BIRAC), a unit of De­part­ment of Biotech­nol­ogy (DBT), Min­istry of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy was in­au­gu­rated within the cam­pus.

The Luc­know Biotech Park was set up jointly by the DBT, Gov­ern­ment of In­dia and De­part­ment of Sci­ence and Tech­nol­ogy, Gov­ern­ment of Ut­tar Pradesh in the year 2002 and it be­came fully func­tional in the year 2007.

Ma­ha­rash­tra In­dus­trial De­vel­op­ment Cor­po­ra­tion (MIDC) in­vited The Chat­ter­jee Group to par­tic­i­pate as a ma­jor­ity part­ner in a project and sub­se­quent to this the In­ter­na­tional Biotech Park Lim­ited (IBP) was in­cor­po­rated in 2003 in Hin­je­w­adi near Pune and be­came op­er­a­tional in a record time. This is the first pub­lic-pri­vate biotech­nol­ogy park ini­tia­tive in Ma­ha­rash­tra. It is a 81 acre Park ded­i­cated to Biotech­nol­ogy in the field of Life Sciences, Chem­i­cal, Phar­ma­ceu­ti­cal, Biotech prod­ucts and pro­cesses. IBP is the largest de­vel­oped biotech park in In­dia which pro­vides space for R & D as well as for man­u­fac­tur­ing pur­poses.

A Biotech In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre has been set up at Alexandria Knowl­edge Park, Genome Val­ley, Hyderabad. Af­ter the sanc­tion­ing of the project in March, 2004, the Gov­ern­ment of Andhra Pradesh (GoAP) con­sti­tuted a Core Com­mit­tee of Biotech­nol­ogy In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre (BTIC) which rec­om­mended a high level Pro­gramme Man­age­ment Com­mit­tee (PMC) and a Tech­ni­cal Ad­vi­sory and Re­source Group (TARG) to de­cide the or­ga­ni­za­tion man­age­ment struc­ture and op­er­a­tional ar­range­ments, mon­i­tor and guide the progress of BTIC im­ple­men­ta­tion. The So­ci­ety for Biotech­nol­ogy In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre (SBTIC) was reg­is­tered in 2005. The park started op­er­a­tions from 2009.

In 2005, the pro­posal for set­ting up of a Biotech­nol­ogy In­cu­ba­tor at Ker­ala Biotech­nol­ogy Park was sanc­tioned at a to­tal cost of Rs. 23.18 crore. The con­struc­tion of the biotech­nol­ogy park on a 50-acre plot is al­ready on. As part of the first phase of the project, the in­cu­ba­tion cen­tre has al­ready been com­pleted at the cen­tre.

Also in 2005, the project for the Ban­ga­lore Biotech­nol­ogy Park was sanc­tioned at a to­tal Project Cost of Rs 32.26 crore; with Kar­nataka Biotech­nol­ogy and In­for­ma­tion Tech­nol­ogy Ser­vices (KBITS) con­tri­bu­tion of Rs 17.81 crore and DBT Con­tri­bu­tion of Rs 14.45 crore. Cur­rently, the cen­tre has 21 com­mon in­stru­men­ta­tion fa­cil­i­ties, 18 res­i­dent in­cu­ba­tees and 3 grad­u­ated in­cu­ba­tees.

In 2007, the Odisha Gov­ern­ment de­cided to

de­velop a Biotech Pharma Park on 64 acres of land on the out­skirts of Bhubaneswar and af­ter com­pet­i­tive bid­ding, Bharat Biotech In­ter­na­tional Lim­ited (BBIL) was se­lected as the de­vel­oper and an­chor ten­ant of the Biotech Park. The pro­posed park is yet to de­velop.

In 2009, Cen­tre for Cel­lu­lar and Molec­u­lar Plat­forms (C-CAMP), a DBT ini­tia­tive, was es­tab­lished at Na­tional Cen­tre for Bi­o­log­i­cal Sciences (NCBS) - Tata In­sti­tute of Fun­da­men­tal Re­search (TIFR), Cam­pus in Ben­galuru.

Around the same year, the project of set­ting up of Guwa­hati Biotech Park Tech­nol­ogy In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre (GBPIC) was sanc­tioned by the DBT. Gov­ern­ment of As­sam (GoA) has re­cently al­lot­ted a land mea­sur­ing 17 acres to Guwa­hati Biotech Park in prox­im­ity to IIT Guwa­hati for set­ting up of GBPIC.

KIIT Tech­nol­ogy Busi­ness In­cu­ba­tor (KIIT-TBI) also started in 2009, as an ini­tia­tive of Kalinga In­sti­tute of In­dus­trial Tech­nol­ogy (KIIT) and sup­ported by Na­tional Sci­ence & Tech­nol­ogy En­trepreneur­ship De­vel­op­ment Board (NSTEDB), De­part­ment of Sci­ence & Tech­nol­ogy (DST), Gov­ern­ment of In­dia. It is a reg­is­tered Not for Profit Sec­tion (25) Com­pany. Since its in­cep­tion, KIIT – TBI has pro­vided a vi­brant ecosys­tem for pro­mot­ing in­no­va­tions and en­trepreneur­ship de­vel­op­ment. Hav­ing es­tab­lished as a premier univer­sity based in­cu­ba­tion cen­tre, KIIT – TBI has ex­panded its ver­ti­cals in health care, Life sciences and so­cial in­cu­ba­tion.

To sus­tain the in­no­va­tion chain of novel ideas and en­ter­prises, the So­ci­ety for Biotech­nol­ogy In­cu­ba­tion Cen­tre (SBTIC) was es­tab­lished in 2012, as a col­lec­tive ef­fort of DBT, the then Gov­ern­ment of Andhra Pradesh, and Coun­cil of Sci­en­tific & In­dus­trial Re­search (CSIR) -In­dian In­sti­tute of Chem­i­cal Tech­nol­ogy (CSIR-IICT).

Since Jan­uary 2012, Pune based Ven­ture Cen­tre has been a host to BIRAC-sup­ported BioIn­cu­ba­tor that sup­ports start-ups work­ing in the ar­eas of biotech­nol­ogy. The lat­est ad­di­tion to the bioin­no­va­tion ecosys­tem is the BIRAC Re­gional Bioin­no­va­tion Cen­tre (BRBC) at the cen­tre.

In 2014, the Bioin­cu­ba­tor at In­dian In­sti­tute

of Tech­nol­ogy Madras (IIT-M) was in­au­gu­rated and com­menced op­er­a­tions in March 2015 with 4 in­cu­ba­tees.

The Biotech­nol­ogy Busi­ness In­cu­ba­tion Fa­cil­ity (BBIF) in New Delhi be­gan its op­er­a­tion in Oc­to­ber 2014. It pro­vides in­cu­ba­tion sup­port to biotech star­tups, en­ables ac­cess to spe­cial­ized equip­ment and also pro­vide ex­per­i­men­tal fa­cil­i­ties, IP guid­ance, mar­ket link­ages etc.

The Ban­ga­lore Bioin­no­va­tion Cen­tre (BBC), an ini­tia­tive of KBITS, De­part­ment of IT, BT and S&T, Gov­ern­ment of Kar­nataka with a lib­eral fund­ing sup­port from DBT, was es­tab­lished in 2015. It is lo­cated within the Ban­ga­lore He­lix Biotech­nol­ogy Park.

Andhra Pradesh MedTech Zone Lim­ited (AMTZ) was in­cor­po­rated on April 30, 2016. It is an en­ter­prise un­der the Gov­ern­ment of Andhra Pradesh, a 270 acre zone, ded­i­cated for Med­i­cal De­vice Man­u­fac­tur­ing. The zone with in-house high in­vest­ment sci­en­tific fa­cil­i­ties can help man­u­fac­tur­ers re­duce the cost of man­u­fac­tur­ing by more than 40-50 per cent.

Among many oth­ers, the Gov­ern­ment of Gu­jarat through its nodal agency Gu­jarat State Biotech­nol­ogy Mis­sion (GSBTM) is set­ting up a Biotech­nol­ogy Park at Savli In­dus­trial Es­tate at Vado­dara. The pro­posed Park would be de­vel­oped as a Pub­lic-Pri­vate Ven­ture in an area of about 700 acres in three phases.

Very re­cently, a Bio-In­cu­ba­tor fa­cil­ity has been in­au­gu­rated at School of Life Sciences, Univer­sity of Hyderabad (UoH). The fa­cil­ity is sup­ported by BIRAC.

Though the first biotech park came up in 1999, only a hand­ful of parks are suc­cess­ful in the last two decades and op­er­at­ing in full ca­pac­ity. And most of these parks / in­cu­ba­tion cen­tres are op­er­at­ing from south in­dian states like Kar­nataka, Te­lan­gana, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Ma­ha­rash­tra and Ker­ala. This is be­cause of avail­abil­ity of skilled work­force, in­fra­struc­ture and lo­gos­tics and sup­port from the re­spec­tive state gov­ern­ments.

Be­sides there are many in­cu­ba­tion cen­tres op­er­at­ing with the sup­port of gov­ern­ment agen­cies from in­sti­tutes of ex­cel­lence like IITs, uni­ver­si­ties and prom­i­nent col­leges.

At present, over 100 in­cu­ba­tees are work­ing at var­i­ous bioin­cu­ba­tion cen­tres and biotech parks in In­dia. We will be fea­tur­ing most ac­tive, func­tional biotech parks and in­cu­ba­tion cen­tres spread across In­dia namely -Luc­know Biotech Park, IKP Knowl­edge Park, Ven­ture Cen­tre, IIT M Bioin­cu­ba­tor, Golden Ju­bilee Biotech Park for Women So­ci­ety, Cen­tre for Cel­lu­lar And Molec­u­lar Plat­forms, Ban­ga­lore Bioin­no­va­tion Cen­tre, In­ter­na­tional Biotech Park.

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