Ayushman Bharat- reaching out to poor
In India, it has been observed that if Rs 100 is spent on an individual for treatment, of that the burden of more than Rs 60 is borne by the family or that individual. The entire savings is spent on medical expenses. As most part of their income is spent on medical expenses, every year lakhs of families that are on the verge of coming out of poverty are again pushed back into poverty due to some or the other disease. Thus, government of India has taken the responsibility of changing this scenario by launching Ayushman Bharat scheme.
On September 23, India took a giant leap towards providing accessible and affordable healthcare to the common man by launching Ayushman Bharat – Pradhan Mantri Jan AarogyaYojana (AB-PMJAY), the “world’s largest government funded healthcare programme” targeting more than 500 million beneficiaries. With this scheme, the government is taking healthcare protection to a new aspirational level.
Narendra Modi, the Prime Minister of India said that this launch has been done with a vision to provide the poorest of the poor, and the underprivileged sections of society, with better healthcare and treatment. He said this scheme, which envisions health assurance of Rs 5 lakh (about $7000) per family per year, will benefit over 500 million people, and is the world’s biggest health assurance scheme. He said the number of beneficiaries of this scheme is roughly equal to the population of the European Union, or the population of America, Canada and Mexico, taken together and 85 times that of Singapore.
Explaining how comprehensive the AB-PMJAY is, the Prime Minister said it would cover 1300 illnesses, including serious illnesses such as heart diseases, kidney and liver diseases and diabetes. The private hospitals too would be part of this scheme. The amount of Rs 5 lakh would cover all investigations, medicine, pre-hospitalization expenses etc. He said it would also cover pre-existing illnesses. The people can learn more about the scheme by dialling 14555, or through their Common Service Centre. The States that are a part of PMJAY, people can get the benefit of the scheme in whichever of these States they go to.
The Prime Minister said “I believe that in the near future, the people associated with the medical sector, or those concerned with health schemes, those associated with economics or modern treatment techniques, or those thinking of bringing about a
transformation in the lives of the common man like social scientists, medical scientists, economists will have to study and think on the lines of India’s scheme of Ayushman Bharat. And sooner or later, based on it, they will have to devise future models for the world.”
The Ayushman Bharat Mission strengthens the environment of ‘One India, One treatment’ in true sense. The people of one state that have joined the Ayushman Bharat Mission can also avail the benefits of the scheme in some other state in case of emergency. Till date, more than 13,000 hospitals across the country have joined this mission. In the near future, more hospitals will be part of this mission. Moreover, the well performing hospitals, especially the rural hospitals will get incentives from the government. The aim of Ayushman Bharat Mission is not only to provide financial aid but also to develop a system that will ensure best treatment facilities just close to your house.
The Prime Minister also inaugurated 10 health and wellness centres on the day. At present the number of such centres across the country has reached 2300. The aim of the government is to have 1.5 lakh such centres in India within four years. The health and wellness centres are important part of Ayushman Bharat Mission. These centres will not only have treatment and medicines for common diseases but will also have facilities for conducting several free tests. This will help in early detection of serious diseases.
The government is working holistically instead of working in bits and pieces. Every decision and law is interlinked. The government is focusing on both affordable healthcare and preventive healthcare. Yoga, campaigns like “Swachh Bharat Mission”, making villages “Open Defecation Free” etc. are aimed at
The Prime Minister of India, Narendra Modi addressing the gathering at the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana (PMJAY), at Ranchi, in Jharkhand on September 23, 2018.