Dr. Srikant Sharma,

Se­nior Con­sul­tant Medicine, Moolc­hand Med­c­ity, La­j­pat Na­gar, New Delhi.

Business Sphere - - CONTENTS - By Dr. Srikant Sharma, Physi­cian, Moolc­hand Med­c­ity

Q1:What is Dengue fever? A: It’s a vi­ral fever symp­toms like dis­ease, es­pe­cially with se­vere joints and mus­cle pain, hence also pre­vi­ously known as break bone fever. This Dengue fever is pri­mar­ily known for > 200 years, to health ex­perts. Dengue is fast emerg­ing pan­demic prone vi­ral dis­ease af­fect­ing pri­mar­ily Asian and Latin Amer­i­can coun­tries. Q2: Which geo­graph­i­cal ar­eas are at high risk? A: Dengue is found where Aedes mosquitoes are present. Aedes mosquitoes are found in trop­i­cal and sub­trop­i­cal re­gions. These mosquitoes can­not fly more than 200 me­ters hor­i­zon­tally and 1000 me­ters ver­ti­cally. But now Dengue has be­come a global prob­lem and is com­mon in > 110 coun­tries. Each year 10,000 to 25,000 die and be­tween 50 and 528 mil­lion peo­ple get in­fected and 2.5 Bil­lion peo­ple (2/5th world pop­u­la­tion) at risk of in­fec­tion. Delhi, where 10,000 cases and 400 deaths were re­ported in 1996, which was the first ma­jor out­break in Delhi. Q3: Should School Syl­labus need to know Dengue? A: Over the past 20-25 years, next to dis­ease re­lated to di­ar­rhea and res­pi­ra­tory in­fec­tion, dengue has be­come one of the lead­ing causes for hos­pi­tal­iza­tion and deaths among chil­dren. To­day dengue is one of the most im­por­tant arthro­pod borne vi­ral dis­ease in hu­mans, as far as mor­tal­ity and mor­bid­ity is con­cerned. It is also the num­ber one killer world­wide amongst vi­ral in­fec­tion. Among trav­el­ers dengue is the sec­ond most di­ag­nosed caused of fever af­ter malaria. In 2015, Delhi, In­dia, recorded its worst out­break since 2006 with over 15,000 cases. Hence knowl­edge of pre­ven­tion is needed for chil­dren. Q4: What are dengue mosquitoes? A: Aedes Ae­gypti and Aedes Al­bopic­tus, mosquitoes are re­spon­si­ble for dengue trans­mis­sion. In In­dia A. Ae­gypti is the most com­mon mos­quito. A. Al­bopic­tus is a se­condary dengue vec­tor in Asia, has spread to North Amer­ica and more than 25 coun­tries in the Euro­pean re­gion, largely due to in­ter­na­tional trade in used Tyres (breed­ing habi­tat) and other goods (eg- lucky bam­boo). A. Al­bopic­tus is highly adap­tive and there­fore can: sur­vive in cooler tem­per­a­ture. It can tol­er­ate low tem­per­a­ture hi­ber­nate and can shel­ter in mi­cro habi­tat. Q5: When does Dengue Mos­quito bite? A: Dengue is trans­mit­ted by the bite of Aedes mos­quito that at­tacks es­pe­cially at dawn and dusk. Only fe­male mosquitoes trans­mit the virus, and are ac­tive in day time. They pre­fer to stay in dark places like un­der the ta­ble or be­hind screen etc. Most bites are be­low the knee/ be­low el­bow. Q6: What is Anti Dengue Day? A: June 15 is ob­served in­ter­na­tion­ally as anti-dengue day. Idea was to in­crease aware­ness about dengue, mo­bi­lize re­sources for its pre­ven­tion and con­trol, and to demon­strate the

Dr. Srikant Sharma, Se­nior Con­sul­tant Medicine, Moolc­hand Med­c­ity, La­j­pat Na­gar, New Delhi.

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