Why is Krishna Jan­mash­tami Cel­e­brated?

Business Sphere - - CONTENTS - By G. R. Khat­tar, Ed­i­tor-in-Chief

Krishna Jan­mash­tami marks the birth­day of Lord Krishna. He was the eighth son of the princess De­vaki and King Va­sudeva. It is be­lieved that Lord Krishna was born on 18th July 3228 BCE and lived un­til 18th Fe­bru­ary 3102 BCE. His birth­place was Mathura which is lo­cated in present day Mathura dis­trict of Ut­tar Pradesh. He be­longed to the Vr­ishni clan of Ya­davas from Mathura. (Source: Wikipedia) King Kansa, the brother of De­vaki, then ruled Mathura. He cap­tured the throne by im­pris­on­ing his father, King Ugrasena. Kansa was a cruel ruler. He tor­tured the peo­ple of Mathura. Every­body wanted to get freed from the evil rule of Kansa. There was a prophecy which had pre­dicted that Kansa would die at the hands of De­vaki’s eighth son. Hear­ing this prophecy, Kansa got afraid, and he locked De­vaki and Va­sudeva in a prison cell. Kansa be­gan to kill De­vaki’s sons one af­ter the other. When she was about to give birth to her eighth son, Lord Vishnu ap­peared to them and told them to take the son (Krishna) to Gokul to Nanda and Yashoda. When Krishna took birth, Va­sudeva took him to Gokul, cross­ing the Ya­muna River and qui­etly placed the child be­side Yashoda. He re­turned with Yashoda’s daugh­ter. Kansa think­ing the child to be the eighth son of De­vaki threw her on a stone, but she trans­formed her­self into Yog­maya and warned Kansa that he would be killed at the hands of Krishna. Later on, when Krishna grew up, he re­turned to Mathura and killed Kansa. Every­body in Mathura re­joiced at the killing of Kansa at the hands of Krishna and praised the Lord for free­ing them from the evil rule of Kansa. How Krishna Jan­mash­tami is cel­e­brated? Lord Krishna is be­lieved to be born at the mid­night on Jan­mash­tami day. The cel­e­bra­tions reach their height dur­ing the mid­night of the Jan­mash­tami day. The Jan­mash­tami cel­e­bra­tions are spe­cial in places like Mathura, Vrin­da­van, Gokul, and Dwarika where Krishna spent most of his life. The cel­e­bra­tions are marked by de­vo­tional songs, dances, Pu­jas, and Aarti. Tem­ples are dec­o­rated, and peo­ple keep awake all night on Jan­mash­tami. Krishna Jan­mash­tami is cel­e­brated in most parts of the coun­try as well as abroad with great de­vo­tion, joy, and en­thu­si­asm. The Jan­mash­tami fes­tiv­i­ties start be­fore dawn and con­tinue all day long un­til late mid­night. Cel­e­bra­tions are marked with Kir­tans in which devo­tees sing hymns in praise of Lord Krishna. Dance and drama (usu­ally Rasa Lila) are a spe­cial part of the Jan­mash­tami cel­e­bra­tions. The de­ity of Krishna is dec­o­rated with flow­ers and gar­lands. The idol of Krishna is also bathed with a va­ri­ety of aus­pi­cious liq­uids. In­fancy Im­ages and small idols of Krishna are placed in cra­dles in tem­ples and homes. They are elab­o­rately dec­o­rated with or­na­ments, flow­ers, and beau­ti­ful clothes. Devo­tees usu­ally fast on the day of Jan­mash­tami. Prasad is dis­trib­uted af­ter the con­clu­sion of the birth cer­e­mony of Lord Krishna.

Lord Krishna

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