Blood su­gar tied to risk of frac­ture in type-1 di­a­betes

Business Standard - - HEALTH - LISA RAPAPORT

Peo­ple with type-1 di­a­betes are more likely to break a bone when their aver­age blood su­gar lev­els are dan­ger­ously high, a large study sug­gests. Re­searchers ex­am­ined data on more than 47,000 peo­ple with di­a­betes, in­clud­ing 3,329 with type-1, the less com­mon form, which typ­i­cally de­vel­ops in child­hood or young adult­hood when the pan­creas can’t pro­duce in­sulin. The rest had type-2 di­a­betes, which is linked to obe­sity and ag­ing and hap­pens when the body can’t prop­erly use or make enough in­sulin to con­vert blood su­gar into en­ergy.

Dur­ing the study pe­riod, 672 peo­ple with type-1 di­a­betes and 8,859 with type-2 di­a­betes ex­pe­ri­enced bone frac­tures. For type-1 di­a­bet­ics, the risk of frac­ture was 39 per cent higher when their aver­age blood su­gar lev­els over time were dan­ger­ously high than it was with lower blood su­gar lev­els, the study found.

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