4 food parks, en­tail­ing ` 500 cr in­vest­ment

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Har­sim­rat Kaur Badal, Food Pro­cess­ing Min­is­ter, said that the govern­ment is likely to al­lo­cate four food parks, en­tail­ing an in­vest­ment of 500 crore un­der Mega Food Parks scheme. Un­der this scheme (2008-09), the Food Pro­cess­ing Min­istry had sanc­tioned 42 projects through­out the coun­try. Of th­ese, 25 parks have al­ready been al­lo­cated. Based on the clus­ter ap­proach, they are mod­elled on hub and spoke ar­chi­tec­ture and fa­cil­i­tate the es­tab­lish­ment of a strong food pro­cess­ing in­dus­try.

This is to be backed by an ef­fi­cient sup­ply chain which in­cludes col­lec­tion cen­tres, cen­tral pro­cess­ing cen­tres (CPC) and cold chain in­fra­struc­ture.

In March 2015, the govern­ment had al­lo­cated 17 mega food parks, out of which 10 were to pri­vate com­pa­nies in­clud­ing the Adani Group and Ruchi Soya and the re­main­ing seven were al­lo­cated to the state govern­ment PSUs.

Ware­houses must be de­signed and built ac­cord­ing to the gen­eral lo­ca­tion with re­spect to nat­u­ral calami­ties and ex­ter­nal in­flu­ences. It is im­por­tant to as­sess the safety and se­cu­rity of the es­tab­lish­ment (near­est fire sta­tions and po­lice sta­tions). Stor­age ar­eas should be built with spe­cific con­sid­er­a­tion of the items be­ing stored. Na­tional, re­gional and lo­cal reg­u­la­tions should be ad­hered to and the in­dus­trial prox­im­ity and con­nec­tiv­ity to a multi-modal

Two key fac­tors for theft are value of goods stored and the ease with which the goods can be stolen. Valu­able goods that are heavy or dif­fi­cult to trans­port are not as at­trac­tive as those that are eas­ily trans­ported. The anti-in­tru­sion and anti-theft mea­sures fit­ted in ware­houses vary as widely as the prod­ucts stored in them. Pro­tec­tion sys­tems need to be looked at on an in­di­vid­ual ba­sis, se­lect­ing the most suit­able mea­sures ac­cord­ing to have se­cure locks fit­ted. In­stalling steel bars on win­dow and sky­lights are the best preven­tive de­lay meth­ods. Also, if the ware­house keys are eas­ily ac­ces­si­ble to any­one, any se­cu­rity sys­tem is use­less.

Anti-in­tru­sion pro­tec­tion in ware­houses is of­ten based on the use of mo­tion and in­fra-red de­tec­tors. The de­tec­tors should be in­stalled as ne­ces­si­tated by the lay­out of ware­house that must in­clude open­ings such as doors,

The re­cent Chen­nai del­uge brought forth many in­ci­dents of poor ware­hous­ing in the city. The ‘godowns’ were not ca­pa­ble of han­dling such emer­gency and caused dam­ages worth sev­eral crore. To re­duce the wa­ter dam­age to ware­house build­ings and goods stored broad line preven­tive mea­sures can be adopted. Con­struc­tion mea­sures aimed at con­tain­ing and trans­port­ing wa­ter in a con­trolled man­ner, such as walls or drainage chan­nels around the build­ing. Mea­sures should be un­der­taken to el­e­vate struc­tures and build­ings. Th­ese should be con­sid­ered at the build­ing de­sign stage. Wa­ter which en­ters build­ings in an un­con­trolled man­ner can af­fect ma­chin­ery and stored goods. This can be pre­vented by stack­ing the goods on wooden or plas­tic pal­lets rather than di­rectly on the floor, re­duc­ing the pos­si­bil­ity of dam­age due to rain or leak­ing pipes.

Roofs can col­lapse due to struc­tural faults re­sult­ing from poor de­sign or an ex­ces­sive ac­cu­mu­la­tion of hail­stones or snow on the roof. Proper de­sign of roofs and gut­ters can pre­vent such dam­ages.

The prin­ci­pal pur­pose of a well-de­signed and ad­e­quately main­tained ware­house is to en­sure that the re­ceipt, pro­tec­tion and dis­patch of goods are car­ried out as ef­fi­ciently as pos­si­ble. To achieve this goal, the im­por­tant re­quire­ments should not only in­clude fac­tors such as lo­ca­tion near the fi­nal cus­tomer, ease of trans­port, flex­i­ble stor­age spa­ces and proper siz­ing of the ware­house. It is also vi­tal to guar­an­tee the safety of the stored goods and the ware­house it­self. In con­clu­sion, the com­pany must have a proper main­te­nance pol­icy for its ware­hous­ing fa­cil­i­ties and the best house­keep­ing and clean­ing prac­tices must be fol­lowed.

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