Nano-Ma­chines Driv­ing Ef­fi­ciency Of Any Ma­chine

Chemical Industry Digest - - Science Pages -

Re­cent

progress in nan­otech­nol­ogy has en­abled re­searchers to un­der­stand the world in ever-smaller scales and even al­lows for the de­sign and man­u­fac­ture of ex­tremely small ar­ti­fi­cial ma­chines. “There is ev­i­dence that these ma­chines are far more ef­fi­cient than large ma­chines, such as cars. Yet in ab­so­lute terms, the out­put is low com­pared to the needs we have in daily life ap­pli­ca­tions,” ex­plains Tim Her­pich, PhD stu­dent at Es­pos­ito’s re­search group.

The re­searchers found that the nanoma­chines un­der cer­tain con­di­tions start to ar­range in “swarms” and syn­chro­nise their move­ments. While this is ba­sic re­search, the prin­ci­ples out­lined in the pa­per could po­ten­tially be used to im­prove the ef­fi­ciency of any ma­chine in the fu­ture, the re­searcher ex­plains.

In or­der to sim­u­late and study the en­er­getic be­hav­iour of swarms of nanoma­chines, sci­en­tists cre­ated math­e­mat­i­cal mod­els that are based on ex­ist­ing lit­er­a­ture and out­comes of ex­per­i­men­tal re­search

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