IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles 2018

The 67th IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles show at Han­nover, Ger­many, lived up its as­pi­ra­tion of be­ing an im­por­tant event for trans­porters, lo­gis­tics play­ers, those in­volved in the mo­bil­ity space.

Commercial Vehicle - - WHAT'S INSIDE -

The 67th IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles show at Han­nover, Ger­many, lived up to the as­pi­ra­tion of be­ing the world's most im­por­tant event for trans­porters, lo­gis­tics play­ers, those in the mo­bil­ity space, and those con­nected with the CV in­dus­try.

Held un­der the theme, ‘Driv­ing to­mor­row’, the 67th IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles show at Hanover lived up to the as­pi­ra­tion of be­ing the world’s most im­por­tant trade fair for trans­port, lo­gis­tics and mo­bil­ity. Re­flect­ing sig­nif­i­cant change in the trans­port, lo­gis­tics and mo­bil­ity space, the show, or­gan­ised by the Ger­man As­so­ci­a­tion of the Au­to­mo­tive In­dus­try (VDA), at­tracted 2,174 ex­hibitors from 48 coun­tries. Mark­ing a con­sid­er­able rise in par­tic­i­pa­tion over the 2016 edi­tion, the 2018 edi­tion was spread over an area of 282,000 sq. m. Con­vey­ing a mes­sage of elec­tro­mo­bil­ity, the expo hosted 435 world pre­mieres, roughly 31 per cent more than the 2016 edi­tion. A bi­en­nial show that at­tracted a high num­ber visi­tors, and de­spite the in­clement weather (it were hot dur­ing the first few days, and rainy and stormy in the later days), the 67th IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles show, for the first time has cargo ebikes on the stands. They are looked upon as a provider of smart, en­vi­ron­men­tally friendly and af­ford­able so­lu­tion for last mile trans­porta­tion. The in­no­va­tion trend of digi­ti­sa­tion was also quite ev­i­dent at the expo with pro­duc­ers of trucks and buses, trail­ers and var­i­ous other sys­tems high­light­ing the same. Al­most all – large, medium-sized and smaller sup­pli­ers were found to high­light the de­vel­op­ment of dig­i­tal tech­nolo­gies. At the fore­front es­pe­cially were the telem­at­ics providers in good num­bers.

Po­si­tion­ing it­self as a mar­ket­place for ex­perts in the com­mer­cial ve­hi­cle sec­tor, the pro­por­tion of trade visi­tors was well over 80 per cent, many of them de­ci­sion-mak­ers. The 67th IAA Com­mer­cial Ve­hi­cles show played an ef­fec­tive plat­form for a good num­ber of pur­chas­ing agree­ments. One lo­gis­tics com­pany, ac­cord­ing to in­dus­try sources, bought 2,500 trucks from three man­u­fac­tur­ers. Yet an­ther com­pany, said sources, bought 1,000 trail­ers! Of­fer­ing a plat­form for the au­to­mo­tive in­dus­try and new tar­get groups like tech­nol­ogy firms, mo­bil­ity providers, star­tups and dig­i­tal busi­nesses to meet one an­other, the show also wit­nesses the com­ing to­gether of high­rank­ing rep­re­sen­ta­tives from pol­i­tics, academia and so­ci­ety for dis­cus­sions of the fu­ture of mo­bil­ity. The show also turned out to be an ef­fec­tive plat­form for pre­sent­ing of in­no­va­tions, and to make the mo­bil­ity of to­mor­row some­thing that can be ex­pe­ri­enced.


Un­der the motto ‘Sim­pli­fy­ing Busi­ness’, MAN Truck & Bus AG un­veiled the MAN eTGE, a bat­tery-elec­tric ver­sion of the new MAN van, and a fully elec­tric dis­tri­bu­tion truck, the MAN eTGM. One of the first man­u­fac­tur­ers to present fully elec­tric so­lu­tions for the en­tire field of city lo­gis­tics be­tween 3.5 and 26-tonnes, MAN pre­miered a con­cept etruck called the CitE. Full of new ideas and cre­ative so­lu­tions, the 15-tonne CitE took 10 months to de­velop. Pre­sent­ing an un­com­pro­mis­ing de­sign for in­ner city dis­tri­bu­tion trans­port, the con­cept etruck has an un­usu­ally low en­try height and wide doors. The co­driver’s door opens at the press of a but­ton. The cock­pit is er­gonom­i­cally per­fect, and presents the driver an ex­cel­lent panoramic view due to a low seat po­si­tion and large side win­dows. Em­ploy­ing a 360-de­gree cam­era sys­tem to pro­vide the great­est pos­si­ble level of safety and to elim­i­nate dan­ger­ous blind spots, the CitE has a range of 100 kilo­me­tres.

Form­ing de­vel­op­ment part­ner­ships with lo­ca­tions in­clud­ing Mu­nich, Ham­burg, Wolfs­burg and Lux­em­bourg to al­low daily ex­pe­ri­ences to be in­cor­po­rated into se­ries de­vel­op­ment, MAN un­veiled a close-to-se­ries pro­to­type of the MAN Lion’s City E. The ebus is driven by a cen­tral mo­tor on the driven axle, which clears good amount of space for op­ti­mised seat­ing area at the rear. Four ad­di­tional seats could be had thus. The bat­ter­ies of the ebus are crash-proof. Lo­cated on the roof to save space, they al­low for a range of up to 270 kms, and can be charged in just three hours. Trans­form­ing it­self to be­come a sup­plier of in­tel­li­gent and sus­tain­able trans­port so­lu­tions, MAN is of­fer­ing its cus­tomers dig­i­tal so­lu­tions un­der the name, ‘MAN Dig­i­talSer­vices’. It is work­ing on a dig­i­tal tech­nol­ogy ini­tia­tive that will al­low MAN cus­tomers to re­ceive real-time and lo­ca­tion-in­de­pen­dent in­sights into ve­hi­cle data and analy­ses de­rived from it.

En­ter­ing the van busi­ness last year, MAN show­cased the eTGE 4.140 full elec­tric con­cept with a range of around 160 kms and a pay­load of one to 1.75-tonnes de­pend­ing on type ap­proval. The eTGE is pow­ered by elec­tri­cal com­po­nents that have al­ready proven suc­cess­ful in mass pro­duc­tion. The 36 kWh bat­tery loses 15 per cent of its ca­pac­ity af­ter around 2,000 charg­ing cy­cles with ap­pro­pri­ate care. In­di­vid­ual mod­ules con­sist­ing of six or twelve cells can also be re­placed sep­a­rately. The 264 lithium-ion HV cells are stored un­der­neath the slightly raised load floor, which is con­structed in the same way in the rear-wheel drive body ver­sion with a diesel en­gine. A per­ma­nently ac­ti­vated syn­chronous mo­tor is used for the drive sys­tem. The three-phase mo­tor is mounted right at the front; on the drive axle in com­bi­na­tion with a sin­gle-speed gear­box. This pro­vides a max­i­mum of 100 kW of power. Around 50 kW is de­liv­ered in con­tin­u­ous op­er­a­tion.


Sca­nia un­veiled a plug-in hy­brid elec­tric truck (PHEV) based on its new gen­er­a­tion truck plat­form. The PHEV and its si­b­ling, Hy­brid Elec­tric Ve­hi­cle (HEV) truck are set to be in­tro­duced in the short-term, and could use Sca­nia Zone, a new ser­vice to as­sist trans­port com­pa­nies and their driv­ers to ad­here to lo­cal reg­u­la­tions by link­ing poli­cies such as speed lim­its, emis­sion re­stric­tions and noise lim­i­ta­tions to geo-fenc­ing zones in Sca­nia Fleet Man­age­ment to fa­cil­i­tate seam­less com­pli­ance with emis­sions and speed reg­u­la­tions in cer­tain zones. The PHEV and HEV are pow­ered by Sca­nia’s DC09 in-line five cylin­der en­gine that can run on HVO (Hy­dro treated Veg­etable Oil) or diesel, work­ing in par­al­lel with an elec­tric mo­tor gen­er­at­ing 177 hp and 1,050 Nm. The lithium-ion recharge­able bat­tery’s en­ergy win­dow is set to 7.4 kWh to se­cure a long bat­tery life. The trucks can be driven in fully elec­tric mode with­out any sup­port from the com­bus­tion en­gine, thanks to elec­tric aux­il­iaries for steer­ing and brake air sup­ply. Apart from a LNG pow­ered truck, Sca­nia dis­played the flag­ship R and S-Se­ries trucks. On dis­play was a 450 hp 8x4 truck from the ver­sa­tile XT range, tai­lored for con­struc­tion tasks; the L-se­ries from the newly-launched ur­ban range, with un­matched vis­i­bil­ity for chal­leng­ing city traf­fic; the CrewCab fire truck; and a forestry truck.

Sca­nia pre­miered an in­ter­link medium decker coach for Liq­ue­fied Nat­u­ral Gas (LNG) op­er­a­tions for a range of up to 1,000 kms. With LNG be­com­ing in­creas­ingly avail­able in Eu­rope, the Sca­nia in­ter­link medium decker coach is aimed at in­ter-city op­er­a­tions with a po­ten­tial to re­duce CO2 emis­sions by 20 per cent. Ca­pa­ble of also sub­stan­tially re­duc­ing ni­tro­gen ox­ide and par­tic­u­late mat­ter emis­sions, the bus adds to Sca­nia’s al­ter­nate fuel bus and coach line-up, which com­prises of the Sca­nia City­wide LE Sub­ur­ban hy­brid and the Sca­nia In­ter­link High Decker pow­ered by HVO. Sca­nia also show­cased its bat­tery elec­tric City­wide low-floor bus, which is presently found on routes in the Swedish city of Öster­sund.


Show­cas­ing about 70 ve­hi­cles, Daim­ler also held an ex­pe­ri­ence event at Hanover Air­port for jour­nal­ists on the side­lines of IAA 2018. The high­light was the un­veil­ing of the new Ac­tros truck with trail­blaz­ing in­no­va­tions that im­me­di­ately pay for them­selves. A spe­cial edi­tion of the new Ac­tros, the ‘Edi­tion 1’, will amount to 400 num­bers only, and comes with nu­mer­ous ex­tras that of­fer max­i­mum com­fort and safety to the driver. In­cor­po­rat­ing se­lected de­sign fea­tures that give the ve­hi­cle a high recog­ni­tion fac­tor, the Edi­tion 1 fea­tures Mir­rorCam and Ac­tive Brake As­sist 5. The Ac­tive Drive As­sist makes semi-au­to­mated driv­ing pos­si­ble. The im­proved Pre­dic­tive Pow­er­train Con­trol not only al­lows sig­nif­i­cant fuel sav­ings, it re­lieves the driver of some of the work­load on over­land routes. As in the stan­dard model, the new, in­tu­itively con­trolled mul­ti­me­dia cock­pit brings in­no­va­tive func­tion­al­i­ties into the cab. Of­fer­ing op­tional fea­tures like four ad­di­tional LED long-range head­lamps and an ex­clu­sive paint fin­ish on the main­te­nance flap and front-end flap, the Edi­tion 1 comes with an il­lu­mi­nated Mercedes-Benz star with a black fac­ing and six dec­o­ra­tive mesh in­serts with a dark­ened head lamp sur­round for higher recog­ni­tion. The Edi­tion 1 is said to re­flect on the lead­ing po­si­tion of the new Ac­tros, which is avail­able in two and three-axle mod­els with Gi­gaS­pace and BigS­pace cab, in left and right­hand drive. The more con­ven­tional eAc­tros in­cludes eleven bat­tery packs in­side and be­low the chas­sis, with a us­able to­tal ca­pac­ity of 240 kWh. Drive comes from elec­tric mo­tors close to the wheel hubs with a max­i­mum out­put of 2x126 kW. The ad­di­tional weight of ap­prox­i­mately 2.5-tonnes com­pared with con­ven­tional drive is partly off­set by the in­crease in the per­mis­si­ble gross ve­hi­cle

weight in the EU of one-tonne for trucks with al­ter­na­tive drive sys­tems. The range of the eAc­tros is around 200 kms.

In the van space, Daim­ler un­veiled a MercedesBenz Vi­sion ‘Ur­ba­netic’ con­cept. It is rev­o­lu­tion­ary in the way it goes be­yond ex­ist­ing au­tonomous ve­hi­cle ideas. Elmi­nat­ing the sep­a­ra­tion be­tween move­ment of peo­ple and goods, the con­cept van re­duces traf­fic flows, re­lieves city-cen­tre in­fra­struc­tures and con­trib­utes to a new qual­ity of ur­ban life. Set to be­come a re­al­ity in the not too dis­tant fu­ture, the con­cept, de­vel­oped in close as­so­ci­a­tion with BASF, is based on an au­tonomous, elec­tri­cally pow­ered driv­ing plat­form em­bed­ded in a self learn­ing IT in­fra­struc­ture. As a rideshar­ing ve­hi­cle, Vi­sion Ur­ba­netic can carry up to twelve pas­sen­gers (the cargo mod­ule can ac­com­mo­date up to ten EPAL pal­ettes). Of­fer­ing a load length of 3.7 m in an over­all ve­hi­cle length of 5.14 m, the con­cept also in­cor­po­rates an IT in­fra­struc­ture that analy­ses sup­ply and de­mand within a de­fined mo­bil­ity space.

An­nounc­ing that it would in­vest in US-based Proterra Inc., which is a a leader in North Amer­ica for elec­tric buses for lo­cal trans­port, Daim­ler un­veiled a new, al­l­elec­tric Mercedes-Benz eCi­taro city bus with in­no­va­tive ther­mal man­age­ment, a bat­tery ca­pac­ity of 243 kWh and seat­ing space for up to 88 pas­sen­gers. Ex­pected to com­pletely re­place the com­bus­tion en­gine with unique bat­tery tech­nol­ogy and fuel cells as a range ex­ten­der, the city bus is an in­te­gral part of the emo­bil­ity sys­tem at Daim­ler Buses, which sup­ports trans­port op­er­a­tors with ev­ery­thing from in-depth ad­vice, an in­tel­li­gent charg­ing man­age­ment sys­tem and the train­ing of their em­ploy­ees through to the pro­vi­sion of spe­cific ser­vices. The Bus of the Year jury con­sist­ing of in­ter­na­tional trade jour­nal­ists from 22 coun­tries, voted the Mercedes-Benz Ci­taro hy­brid bus as the ‘Bus of the Year 2019’. Al­biet away from the Daim­ler main prod­uct lines was the BharatBenz MDT 1617R dis­played with a par­cel body.


Cel­e­brat­ing the 25th an­niver­sary of the Volvo FH model, Volvo Trucks show­cased a gas-pow­ered FH Se­ries truck that emits 20 per cent less than a con­ven­tional FH. The LNGpow­ered truck is claimed to pro­vide the same per­for­mance and op­er­at­ing range as its diesel equiv­a­lent. The Swedish CV ma­jor also dis­played the FE and FL Elec­tric, which will go on sale in Eu­rope next year. The FL and FE Elec­tric are de­signed to take up to 27-tonnes, and can drive nearly 125 miles on a sin­gle charge. The FE Elec­tric has two mo­tors that come with a max­i­mum power of 370 kW, and a Volvo two-speed trans­mis­sion. The en­ergy stor­age is through lithium-ion bat­ter­ies, which can hold 200-300 kWh. The tech­nol­ogy is shared with Volvo’s line of elec­tric buses, where more than 4,000 units have been sold till date. Volvo Truck is bet­ting on elec­tric trucks with a be­lief that they will pave the way for more sus­tain­able freight move­ment within ur­ban bound­aries. For du­ties like mu­nic­i­pal waste re­moval, for ex­am­ple. Volvo used the show as a plat­form to high­light its driver­less elec­tric con­cept Vera. A unique con­cept that could rad­i­cally change the whole per­cep­tion of trans­port, the

Vera com­bines elec­tro­mo­bil­ity, con­nec­tiv­ity, and is au­tonomous. Suit­able for reg­u­lar and repet­i­tive goods trans­port over short dis­tances, the Vera has a fifth wheel cou­pling but no cab.

Volvo Buses un­veiled an all-new plat­form for tourist and line-haul coaches. The plat­form in­cludes the lux­u­ri­ous Volvo 9900 and the ver­sa­tile Volvo 9700. Both fea­ture a dy­nam­i­cally de­signed ex­te­rior with crisp lines, smooth sides and rounded cor­ners to give low air re­sis­tance. The new ‘Z-shaped’ side win­dow line along with the slop­ing the­atre floor of the 9900 marks a new de­sign lan­guage for coaches. The 9900 of­fers an ex­tra-high floor level and large glass pan­els for ex­cep­tion­ally good views. The in­te­rior roof is eight-cm higher. The 9700 is avail­able with a wide va­ri­ety of equip­ment al­ter­na­tives for medium range line-haul or premium tour and char­ter op­er­a­tions. Pro­vid­ing pas­sen­gers a high-qual­ity travel ex­pe­ri­ence Volvo , the 9700 com­fort­able and pleas­ant. The lower cen­tre of grav­ity makes driv­ing the buses eas­ier. The bus dis­plays high sta­bil­ity and ma­noeu­vra­bil­ity. If the Volvo dy­namic steer­ing con­trib­utes, the 9700 and 9900 fea­ture a com­pre­hen­sive suite of so­lu­tions for ac­tive and pas­sive safety, in­clud­ing more ro­bust front im­pact pro­tec­tion (FIP) and a Driver Alert sys­tem that mon­i­tors the ve­hi­cle’s move­ments and is­sues alerts if the driver is tired or not con­cen­trat­ing on the road. Volvo Buses also dis­played the 7900 Elec­tric Hy­brid (plug-in hy­brid) and an Op­pCharge sta­tion for quickcharg­ing of the ve­hi­cle’s bat­tery pack.

Demon­strat­ing mul­ti­func­tional trans­port so­lu­tions for var­i­ous types of busi­ness, in­dus­try, pas­sen­ger trans­porta­tion, ve­hi­cles for busi­ness and travel in ex­treme road con­di­tions, GAZ show­cased GAZelle Next Euro6 light com­mer­cial ve­hi­cle, Sadko Next off-road truck, Ural 6x4 road truck, YMZ-534 Euro6 en­gine and the ‘GAZ Con­nect’ dig­i­tal telem­at­ics plat­form that al­lows mon­i­tor­ing of over 50 dif­fer­ent pa­ram­e­ters of ve­hi­cle sys­tems, and track­ing of ve­hi­cle lo­ca­tion in real time. The ‘GAZ Con­nect’ also of­fers over 100 on­line ser­vices through mo­bile ap­pli­ca­tion or web­site. Dis­play­ing the 25-seater Vec­tor Next bus with a Euro6 170 hp en­gine, and a low-floor LiAZ-5292 bus with 101 pas­sen­ger ca­pac­ity for ur­ban tran­sit op­er­a­tions, with a 260-312 hp YMZ 536 gas six-cylin­der en­gine, GAZ also show­cased the Gazelle Next range of light-duty trucks and vans. The Ural Next range proved to be the high­light.

Named af­ter the fa­mous Ural moun­tains in Rus­sia, the Ural Next trucks are found in the form of a 16-tonne dump truck, 16-tonne bulk cargo truck, and a tanker for trans­porta­tion and short-term stor­age of food and liq­uids among oth­ers. The range also com­prises of a 19-tonne spe­cial ap­pli­ca­tion truck, which is aimed at con­struc­tion, road, farm­ing and other in­dus­tries. Found in the form of a de­fense ap­pli­ca­tion truck for car­riage of troops and ma­te­ri­als, and a trac­tor-trailer for di­verse ap­pli­ca­tions with a GVW of up

MAN Lion’s City E.

MAN CitE etruck con­cept.

Sca­nia PHEV con­cept truck.

Sca­nia HVO truck.

Sca­nia LNG long dis­tance coach.

Sca­nia’s flag­ship of­fer­ing, the R500.

The lim­ited edi­tion new Ac­tros comes with nu­mer­ous ex­tras.

The BharatBenz MDT 1617R was also dis­played by Daim­ler.

The new Ac­tros is avail­able in two-axle and three-axle mod­els with Gi­gaS­pace and BigS­pace cab.

The Ci­taro hy­brid was voted Bus of the Year 2019.

The ‘Ur­ba­netic’ van con­cept elim­i­nates the sep­a­ra­tion be­tween move­ment of peo­ple peo­ple and goods; is au­tonomous.

The all-new plat­forms from Volvo for tourist and line-haul coaches. Also dis­played was a 7900 Elec­tric Hy­brid and an Op­pCharge sta­tion.

The FH25 high­lighted 25 years of jour­ney of the FH model range.

The Gazelle Next range at­tracted many show go­ers.

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