The Test Re­sults

Consumer Voice - - Lead Level In Paints -

ef­fec­tively in In­dia, and that com­pa­nies are will­ing and able to make the shift. Ad­di­tion­ally, BIS re­vised vol­un­tary paint stan­dard down­ward from 1,000 ppm to 90 ppm, sug­gest­ing that gov­ern­ment of­fi­cials too are aware of the dan­gers of lead in paint. How­ever, small man­u­fac­tur­ers ac­count­ing for about 30 per cent of the mar­ket share con­tinue to sell paints with dan­ger­ously high con­cen­tra­tion of lead. These pro­duc­ers of­ten face spe­cial bar­ri­ers in shift­ing to low-lead prod­ucts and may re­quire ad­di­tional tech­ni­cal in­for­ma­tion, bet­ter ac­cess to supp liers of non-leaded paint in­gre­di­ents, and other types of help in re­for­mu­lat­ing their prod­ucts. Also, all lead-con­tain­ing paints that were used in the past decades con­tinue to present a threat when the sur­faces where they were ap­plied de­te­ri­o­rates or are scraped or sanded prior to the ap­pli­ca­tion of new paints. The lead con­tent mixes in the air and is in­haled by peo­ple in its sur­round­ings.

A to­tal of 101 cans of new enamel dec­o­ra­tive paints were pur­chased in Delhi-NCR, Ma­ha­rash­tra, West Ben­gal, Te­lan­gana, Andhra Pradesh and Gu­jarat, and an­a­lysed for their lead con­tent. A ma­jor­ity of these paint sam­ples, 70 out of 101, were pro­duced by small and medium busi­nesses and found to have high lead con­tent when tested in 2013.

In the same 2013 study, since all paints pro­duced by ma­jor brands (rep­re­sent­ing 65 per cent of the mar­ket) con­tained lead lev­els be­low 90 ppm, the cur­rent study fo­cussed on paints with lead lev­els above 90 ppm in or­der to de­ter­mine whether smal­land medium-sized paint busi­nesses had be­gun to re­duce lead lev­els in their paints. In ad­di­tion, 31 new sam­ples were added to the cur­rent study.

In gen­eral, there was very lit­tle, if any, change in lead lev­els in the stud­ied paint sam­ples be­tween 2013 and 2015. In fact, none of the brands tested in 2013 both­ered to de­crease the lead con­cen­tra­tions. More­over, the av­er­age con­cen­tra­tion of lead con­tent has only in­creased in 2015 to 30,000 ppm, as com­pared to 20,300 ppm in 2013.

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