FSSAI permits fortification of wheat flour and clear wheat flour (aata and maida). As per Justice Wadhwa Committee Report 2007, wheat flour can be sold in PDS instead of whole
wheat grain and voluntary fortification permissible in PDS. On July 2008, in the third meeting of the executive of National Nutrition Mission, the need to focus on micronutrient fortification was highlighted. India’s 10th Five-Year Plan recommends staple foods, especially flour fortification, as an important part of the strategy to tackle micronutrient malnutrition. The ministry of food processing industry, GOI, provides financial assistance for food fortification and
for capital equipment and its installation. The ministry of consumer affairs, food and public distribution, department of food and public
distribution, clearly recommends provisioning of fortified wheat flour through PDS.
Fortified Foods under Public Funded Programmes
a) Fortified foods like the corn-soya blend (CSB) and Indiamix have been provided as supplementary nutrition for over three decades in the World Food programme- (WFP) and CARE-supported ICDS projects.
b) Fortified biscuits were being provided as a nutritious snack to children (6–11 years) in primary schools in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Orissa and Chhattisgarh, prior to the universalization of MDM.
c) From the mid-1980s to the mid-1990s, state governments including those of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Kerala, Delhi and Pondicherry were providing fortified bread as one of the food items for supplementary nutrition under the ICDS programme.
d) Many state governments including those of Rajasthan, Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Haryana are providing fortified foods under the ICDS programme, especially for children aged 6–36 months, as take-home ration (THR).
e) The government of Gujarat is providing fortified wheat flour for preparation of cooked meals under ICDS and MDM.