An­tibi­otic Re­sis­tance A re­sult of overuse, mis­use, and abuse

Consumer Voice - - Feature -

An­tibi­otics, also known as an­tibac­te­ri­als and an­timi­cro­bials, are the mir­a­cle drugs that have rev­o­lu­tionised the prac­tice of medicine, cur­ing ev­ery­thing from a sore throat to pneu­mo­nia. They are the cure for bac­te­rial in­fec­tions. But then, con­sider this sim­ple fact: colds are caused by viruses, not by bac­te­ria. And an­tibi­otics only work against the lat­ter. They have no ef­fect on vi­ral in­fec­tions. What hap­pens when we mix up symp­toms, in­fec­tions, and cures?

Scar­ily enough, many peo­ple de­mand an­tibi­otics for things like si­nus in­fec­tions, bron­chi­tis, and the com­mon cold, dis­eases that are of­ten vi­ral. They want a pill to make their symp­toms go away. In some coun­tries and over the In­ter­net, an­tibi­otics can be pur­chased with­out a doc­tor’s pre­scrip­tion.

Ow­ing to the abun­dance and mis­use of an­tibi­otics across the world, micro­organ­isms have adapted to with­stand the ef­fects of an­tibi­otics. Re­mem­ber that orig­i­nally an is a sub­stance pro­duced by one mi­croor­gan­ism that se­lec­tively in­hibits the growth of an­other.

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