All of the Vitamins
niacin (Vitamin B3) Also known as nicotinic acid, niacin plays an integral role in the conversion of food to energy and also helps synthesize necessary macromolecules like fatty acids and cholesterol. As a water-soluble vitamin, niacin is continually lost in the urine and needs to be replaced in one’s diet. The Dietary Guidelines for Indians, 2011, by National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, recommend that male adolescents consume 16 milligrams of niacin per day, while for females it is 14 milligrams. In health drinks the major source of niacin is malt. • Vitamin d It is a fat-soluble vitamin that is naturally present in very few foods. Vitamin D promotes calcium absorption in the gut and maintains adequate serum calcium and phosphate concentrations to enable normal mineralisation of bone and to prevent hypocalcaemic tetany. It is also needed for bone growth. Without sufficient vitamin D, bones can become thin, brittle, or misshapen. The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin D is 600 IU or 15 mcg. • Folic acid (Vitamin B9) Folic acid is one of the most essential of all vitamins. It is an essential nutrient primarily because it is needed for the production and maintenance of new cells in the body. This becomes increasingly important during the periods when there is rapid cell growth and division, such as during pregnancy for women and infancy in children. As per Dietary Guidelines for Indians, 2011, the RDA is 200 g per day. Malt is an essential source of folic acid. • Potassium Potassium is involved in nerve function, muscle control and blood pressure. It works with sodium to maintain the body’s water balance. Malt beverages are generally a good source of potassium. • Highest amount of potassium was found in Ensure (1,096.62 mg/100 gm) and PediaSure (1,052.35 mg/100 gm). Note: As per the recommended guidelines of FSSAI, proprietary food may contain vitamins and minerals in quantities not exceeding one RDA of the respective micronutrients. In view of this, it is advisable that one does not consume more than the recommended doses.