CMS SAYS PO­LICE DE­PART­MENT MOST COR­RUPT

Deccan Chronicle - - FRONT PAGE -

● The In­dian Po­lice Ser­vice is na­tion’s most cor­rupt de­part­ment, see­ing an in­crease in cor­rup­tion of 39 per cent, says Cen­tre for Me­dia Stud­ies re­port.

The In­dian Po­lice Ser­vice is the na­tion’s most cor­rupt de­part­ment, see­ing an in­crease in cor­rup­tion of 39 per cent, ac­cord­ing to the Cen­tre for Me­dia Stud­ies (CMS) 2018 re­port. CMS sur­veyed 12 pub­lic ser­vices. Trans­port, hous­ing and health/hos­pi­tals regis­tered high lev­els of cor­rup­tion as well.

In Te­lan­gana state, 73 per cent of house­holds ex­pe­ri­enced de­mand for a bribe, or had to use con­tacts/mid­dle­men to avail of pub­lic ser­vices at least once dur­ing the last one year.

The sur­vey cov­ered 13 states, and an es­ti­mated fig­ure of `313 crore has been paid as bribe to the po­lice de­part­ment to get a com­plaint/FIR regis­tered, `460 crore as bribe to re­move name as an ac­cused/wit­ness and `234 crore to avoid a ticket for vi­o­lat­ing traf­fic rules. For 2016-17, an es­ti­mated bribe amount of `1,007 crore was paid to the po­lice, says the re­port.

In less than a week, Rachakonda po­lice com­mis­sioner Ma­hesh M. Bhag­wat or­dered an in­quiry into an al­le­ga­tion that the Spe­cial Op­er­a­tions Team (SOT) had taken a bribe of `4 lakh from the fam­ily of rowdy-sheeter Illyas Nawab. Nawab’s mother claimed that one Rakesh, a con­sta­ble, col­lected `4.12 lakh from them for set­tling a petty is­sue and not in­vok­ing the Pre­ven­tive De­ten­tion Act.

The mother of a mi­nor who was gang-raped com­plained to the Deputy Chief Min­is­ter that Kan­chan­bagh in­spec­tor Ai­jazud­din took a bribe of `10,000 and tried to set­tle the case. In­stead of in­ves­ti­gat­ing the case, he had pres­surised her to take back the case and had asked her daugh­ter to get mar­ried to the rapist.

Though sus­pen­sion is the im­me­di­ate ac­tion against cor­rupt of­fi­cers, in a ma­jor­ity of cases it is re­voked and cases booked by the ACB are closed as well. But, as this news­pa­per re­ported in Jan­uary, the state home de­part­ment had closed 10 cases filed by the ACB against po­lice of­fi­cers who were caught red-handed de­mand­ing and ac­cept­ing bribes.

Mr Arvind Praveen Ku­mar, an anti-cor­rup­tion ac­tivist, said, “The High Court in 2017 di­rected both Te­lan­gana and Andhra Pradesh to con­sti­tute the State Se­cu­rity Com­mis­sion (SSC) and Po­lice Com­plaints Author­ity (PCA), fol­low­ing scores of pe­ti­tions per­tain­ing to po­lice of­fi­cials abus­ing com­mon peo­ple. De­spite the High Court’s di­rec­tion, the two states have not es­tab­lished such agen­cies which will look into com­plaints filed against po­lice of­fi­cials.” Cor­rup­tion in the ju­di­ciary has in­creased with bribes be­ing de­manded to get the next hear­ing date of choice and to at­tain a copy of the or­der. The to­tal amount of bribe es­ti­mated to have been paid in one year across In­dia is `534 crore, says CMS (In­dia cor­rup­tion study, 2018)

An es­ti­mate (data col­lec­tion from courts across 13 states) re­veals that `220 crore was paid to get a suit­able date for a hear­ing and `314 was paid as a bribe to at­tain a copy of the or­der. Ex­perts from the ju­di­cial field say one of the main rea­sons for cor­rup­tion in the ju­di­ciary is huge pen­dency of cases in In­dian courts. At present, more than 30 mil­lion cases are pend­ing in courts across In­dia.

Ac­cord­ing to Trans­parency In­ter­na­tional, ju­di­cial cor­rup­tion can be at­trib­uted to the short­age of judges and the com­plex ju­di­cial pro­ce­dure.

Ad­di­tional Met­ro­pol­i­tan Ses­sions Judge S. Rad­hakr­ishna Murthy and two ad­vo­cates were ar­rested by the ACB for ac­cept­ing `7.5 lakh bribe for grant­ing bail.

ACB raids un­earthed `3.57 crore in un­ac­counted wealth from Hyderabad Labour Court pre­sid­ing judge Mal­lam­pati Gandhi. Both ju­di­cial of­fi­cers have been ar­rested and are un­der re­mand. Cor­rup­tion is ram­pant in the lower courts, and some have al­leged that it has reached the high­est lev­els too. A se­nior judge who didn't want to be named said, “In­dia has the world's largest back­log of cases. A weak in­fra­struc­ture, chronic ju­di­cial va­can­cies, man­ual pro­cesses, a weak law and or­der en­force­ment sys­tem, de­layed judg­ments, etc have been ma­jor con­trib­u­tors to cor­rup­tion in ju­di­ciary.” The Mian Mishk Masjid stands on a cor­ner at the be­gin­ning of the Pu­rana Pul and the end of Jumerat Bazaar. So, crowds and the noise of traf­fic are per­ma­nent. Prob­a­bly not in 1678 when it was built, but now it is dif­fi­cult to cross the road or for that mat­ter en­ter the masjid. Ear­lier, this was the route from Gol­conda to Kar­van to Charmi­nar and Machili­pat­nam.

The masjid stands in one cor­ner of a huge quad­ran­gle which is dirty and smelly with leak­ing wa­ter. The mu­tawalli or care­taker of the masjid, Sa­mad Warsi, who is a Mem­ber of the Leg­isla­tive Coun­cil, is quick to de­fend the not-soneat sur­round­ings, say­ing that work­ers had gone to get their pass­books and col­lect money from the govern­ment and hence the dis­ar­ray. The masjid was built by Mian Mishk, a no­ble in the court of Ab­dulla Qutb Shah. It is dec­o­rated with minarets with an in­scrip­tion on top of the main gate.

There used to be hot wa­ter baths here, more like a hamam for the men. “The hamam was a big room where mas­sages and baths were given at the back of the masjid. Now it is to­tally di­lap­i­dated,” said the mu­tawalli.

There is a wazukhana in the mid­dle with a foun­tain which tin­kles del­i­cately. A huge cov­ered ve­ran­dah has been built with a stair­case on the left of the wa­ter body.

Prior to that, the dom­i­nant part of the masjid would have been the two huge pil­lars which look like they are hold­ing up the en­tire build­ing. Glass doors with thin grills sur­round the front of the masjid. The fur­nish­ings are sim­ple - just a few car­pets and lights.

On the right of the main masjid is the tomb of Mian Mishk, which is well kept. An in­scrip­tion on Mian Mishk’s tomb men­tions that he was sec­re­tary to the king, hold­ing charge of the royal key and of the Car­natic troops. There is a sug­ges­tion that he might have been of African ori­gin.

Stone pil­lars, brack­ets, and saj­jas typ­i­cal of the time and re­gion abound. On the left of the main tomb are many mi­nor tombs sur­rounded by the serai which is now in a di­lap­i­dated con­di­tion.

Each of the in­scrip­tion tablets fixed on the en­trances have far­mans (edicts). A copy of the fir­man of Sul­tan Abul Hasan Qutb Shah reads:

“Trusted ser­vant of the Im­pe­rial Court, Ma­lik Mishk, the Com­man­der of the Car­natic troops, has been granted the hon­our of lay­ing this re­quest be­fore those stand­ing in the re­splen­dent court that the in­come of the bazaar at­tached to the mosque of Ma­lik Mishk, be­sides the an­nual grant of 80 huns (gold coin of the Dec­can about 50 grams in weight, of­ten called pagoda), as de­tailed in the fir­man...shops and stalls on both sides of the bazaar of the masjid...be gra­ciously awarded and en­dowed for the ex­penses to be in­curred in con­nec­tion with the feed­ing of the poor, the reli­gious cer­e­monies of the first ten days of Muhar­ram and the main­te­nance of alawa (where in­cense is burnt and rites per­formed) and ab­dar khana (wa­ter closet where cold drinks are dis­trib­uted to the thirsty). And the lights and car­pets of the above mosque as also for sim­i­lar ex­penses.”

On the east­ern gate­way there is an­other in­scrip­tion which records the erec­tion of a build­ing in 1035 AH (1625 AD) dur­ing the reign of Muham­mad Qutb Shah. The masjid is among the 137 her­itage list of Hyderabad Ur­ban De­vel­op­ment Author­ity, and now there is a board which says that it is un­der the Ar­chae­o­log­i­cal Sur­vey of In­dia.

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