How Dig­i­tal Farm­ing Can Rev­o­lu­tion­ize The Fu­ture Of Food

Distinguished Magazine - - CONTENT - ANJALI PRASAD SHARMA

Tech­nol­ogy in farm­ing is not just a scal­able re­source, it is also sus­tain­able that will en­able the fruition of the farm to fork con­cept. Did you know what the agri­cul­tural in­dus­try’s out­put ought to be by the year 2030? Ac­cord­ing to re­search and var­i­ous stud­ies, it has been put forth that the in­crease has to be to the tune of up to 60% more! There is ab­so­lutely no doubt that tech­nolo­gies have helped agricultur­e in­crease not just pro­duc­tiv­ity but also ef­fi­ciency, how­ever with the ever grow­ing pop­u­la­tion, farm­ers and food pro­duc­ers need to look at dig­i­tal farm­ing with an all new per­spec­tive.

By adopt­ing and em­ploy­ing tech­nol­ogy not just as a scal­able re­source but also a sus­tain­able one, all of us will be able to en­joy the farm to fork con­cept in a much more en­hanced man­ner.

From sen­sors to com­mu­ni­ca­tion net­works, from AI to ro­bot­ics, there are myr­iad ad­vanced ma­chin­ery that can aid farm­ing and agricultur­e in a huge man­ner. Data col­lec­tion and its aug­mented man­age­ment can come up with newer in­sights that can help take bet­ter and in­formed de­ci­sions.

Var­i­ous or­ga­ni­za­tions have adopted newer ways and means to tackle nu­mer­ous is­sues such as wa­ter con­tam­i­na­tion or lesser us­age of wa­ter, all thanks to pre­dic­tive an­a­lyt­ics and clear in­ter­faces. With the right in­for­ma­tion about wa­ter pol­lu­tants, oys­ters have been pro­tected and their losses have been ar­rested ear­lier. Com­pa­nies have used their prow­ess to lo­cate sources of waste wa­ter and reused them in ir­ri­ga­tion, thanks to weather fore­casts and ef­fi­cient big data us­age. Sen­sors and data vi­su­al­iza­tion have lent them­selves in cre­at­ing schemes that have im­proved agri­cul­tural prac­tices.

There is an amaz­ing po­ten­tial for adopt­ing IoT in the agri­cul­tural sce­nario. This tech­nol­ogy is help­ing not just with the sim­pli­fi­ca­tion of the col­lec­tion but also takes care of the stream­lin­ing of the whole process as well as the over­all dis­tri­bu­tion by sim­ply putting to use sen­sors on ma­te­ri­als and var­i­ous pieces of equip­ment. With real-time in­for­ma­tion, farm­ers can make changes well in ad­vance to their crops thereby im­pact­ing the yield. With higher food pro­duc­tion and much less waste, the food in­dus­try can har­ness this tech­nol­ogy to rev­o­lu­tion­ize the farm­ing sec­tor.

An­a­lyt­ics cou­pled with ma­chine learn­ing is an­other method that could be used to dig­i­tally trans­form the way farm­ing is un­der­taken. Be­gin­ning much be­fore the seed is planted, ma­chine learn­ing can be em­ployed to iden­tify the best breeds and per­fect genes for the best crop pro­duc­tion. This tech­nol­ogy can also help with fig­ur­ing out which prod­ucts are fast sell­ing and which fail mis­er­ably in the mar­ket.

To­day, even drones are used for spray­ing chem­i­cals on var­i­ous crops while at the same time tak­ing care of the fact that ground­wa­ter is not pen­e­trated. Stud­ies have even show­cased the fact that drones can be ex­tremely ef­fi­cient in spray­ing of chem­i­cals when com­pared to other kinds of ma­chin­ery and that too up to 5 times the speed.

Ro­bot­ics too, when used well in agricultur­e have proven to im­prove pro­duc­tiv­ity and given way to higher yields. Weed­ing ro­bots have even re­duced the use of agro­chem­i­cals by an as­tound­ing 90%. Au­to­ma­tion in nut-har­vest­ing and fruit pick­ing have not just re­duced man­power but also made the process more ef­fi­ca­cious.

There is hardly a doubt that the fu­ture of agricultur­e is quite de­pen­dent on its dig­i­tal trans­for­ma­tion. Imag­ine what the farm­ers could achieve if they could knew cer­tain as­pects of the en­vi­ron­ment in ad­vance. They could make in­formed choices and man­age their crops with newer and bet­ter method­olo­gies. Now is the time to take ad­van­tage of tech­nol­ogy in the farm­ing sec­tor and pro­vide farm­ers with the ul­ti­mate peace of mind as we en­joy food, glo­ri­ous food reach­ing our ta­bles in a more ef­fi­cient man­ner.

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